French frigate Hermione (2014)
2014 September 17th, Hermione replica comes off the Charente river, and reach open sea for the first time.
|Builder:||Asselin at Rochefort|
|Launched:||6 July 2012|
|Class and type:||Concorde-class 12-pounder frigate|
|Length:||65 m (213 ft)|
|Beam:||11.24 m (36.9 ft)|
|Height:||54 m (177 ft)|
|Draught:||5.78 m (19.0 ft)|
|Propulsion:||Sails, auxiliary engine|
|Sail plan:||full-rigged ship|
32 (non-functional replica) guns:|
The Hermione is a 32-gun Concorde-class frigate fitted for 12-pounder guns, completed in Rochefort by the Asselin organisation in 2014. She is a reproduction of the 1779 Hermione, which achieved fame by ferrying General La Fayette to the United States in 1780 to allow him to rejoin the American side in the American Revolutionary War.
This project was conceived by members of the Centre International de la Mer in 1992, and construction began in 1997, envisaging a launch in April 2015 (as compared to the original, which took less than a year to build).
The shipyard was in one of the two dry docks beside the Corderie Royale at Rochefort.
As far as possible, traditional construction methods were used although modern power tools were substituted for the period tools on some jobs. The site is open to the public, and admission fees help fund the project.
English plans of a sister ship, Concorde, were used. The cost was estimated to be $22 million. The original plans had been modified in several ways for reasons of strength and safety: planks had been bolted rather than pegged to avoid movement during the long period of construction. Similarly, the mast sections were fastened with glue rather than metal hoops to avoid water penetration. The cannons are lightweight and non-functional to save weight, and for legal and safety reasons. Hemp rigging was used, and the sails made of linen.
An engine will be used for safety, and electric generators for lighting and basic amenities.
In preparation for a transatlantic voyage in 2015, the frigate departed from Rochefort and started her seaworthiness trials on 7 September 2014.
In April 2015, Hermione started her return voyage to the United States. Hermione’s itinerary is meant to reaffirm the relationship between the United States and France.
Photographs of the reconstruction from 2005.
Photographs of the reconstruction from 2006.
Photographs of the reconstruction from 2009.
April 2009: the bulwarks have been painted, the Officers' ladder is in its place.
The bow of the frigate.
The Officers' ladder seen by the stern.
Photographs after completion
- Ship replica (including a list of ship replicas).
- Götheborg, a sailing replica of an 18th-century Swedish East Indiaman.
- Kalmar Nyckel, a replica of the 17th century merchant ship that brought Swedes to "New Sweden", the first Swedish colony in America.
- HM Bark Endeavour, a replica of the 18th century bark commanded by Lieutenant James Cook.
- Emmanuel de Fontainieu, Yves Gaubert, L'Hermione, de Rochefort à la gloire américaine, Editions de Monza, 2002 ISBN 978-2-908071-95-5
- Robert Kalbach, Jean-Luc Gireaud, L'Hermione, Frégate des Lumières, Dervy, 2004 ISBN 978-2-84454-319-6
- Jean-Marie Ballu, L'Hermione, l'aventure de sa reconstruction, Editions du Gerfaut, 2007 ISBN 978-2-35191-018-4
- James M. Volo, Blue Water Patriots: The American Revolution Afloat, Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007 ISBN 978-0-275-98907-1
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours. 1. Group Retozel-Maury Millau. p. 496. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922.
- Sciolino, Elaine (August 1, 2007). "Following in Lafayette's Footsteps, or Rather, His Wake". The New York Times. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- "Hermione, freedom's frigate - Introduction - Home". Hermione.com. Retrieved 2015-06-20.
- [dead link]
- Schofield, Hugh (18 April 2015). "Replica 18th Century French frigate sails for US". La Rochelle: BBC News Online. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
- France, Connexion. "Will Hermione pass near you in 2018?". www.connexionfrance.com. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
- "Voyage en Méditerranée" (in French). Retrieved 2017-07-27.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hermione museum ship.|
|French frigate to recreate Lafayette's voyage to US, France 24 2015-04-18|
|Replica 18th Century French frigate sails for US, BBC News, 18 April 2015|
- Website of the reconstruction project
- Naval History : l'Hermione (French)
- L'Hermione - the frigate of enlightenment
- The Lenox Project: a lasting legacy for Deptford A comparable London project to build a full-size sailing replica of HMS Lenox (1678) at a dedicated new museum on the site of the old Deptford Dockyard, where the original Lenox was built.