Frenulum of prepuce of penis
|Frenulum of prepuce of penis|
|Latin||Frenulum praeputii penis|
The frenulum of prepuce of penis, often known simply as the frenulum, is an elastic band of tissue under the glans penis that connects the foreskin (prepuce) to the vernal mucosa, and helps contract the foreskin over the glans.
In the event of frenulum breve or frenular chordee, or to ensure that the glans can be freely and completely exposed, the frenulum may be partially or totally removed. It is also often removed in a circumcision.
The frenulum and the associated tissue delta on the underside of the penis below the corona has been described in sexuality textbooks as "very reactive" and "particularly responsive to touch that is light and soft". The "underside of the shaft of the penis, meaning the body below the corona" is a "source of distinct pleasure". Crooks and Baur observe that two extremely sensitive specific locations that many men find particularly responsive to stimulation are the corona, and the frenulum. Repeated stimulation of this structure will cause orgasm and ejaculation in some men.
Frenulum breve is a condition in which the frenulum is short and restricts the movement of the foreskin, which may or may not interfere with normal sexual activity. The condition can be treated by frenuloplasty, frenectomy, or circumcision. Frenulum breve may contribute to frenular chordee, where the glans is pulled toward the vernal body of the penis. Frenulum breve may also be treated by manually expanding the shaft skin by stretching.
The frenulum may be entirely missing in cases of first degree hypospadias.
It is possible for the frenulum to tear during sexual activity. The frenular artery may be severed, causing significant bleeding.
A frenectomy can be performed to remove the frenulum from the penis, which is a treatment for frenulum breve or frenular chordee. This is a form of genital frenectomy. The frenulum may be cut when a male is circumcised. This may also reduce the size of the frenular delta. The frenulum was reported to be cut in 26.7%, 20%, and 33.33% of circumcised patients in various surveys.
A removed frenulum preputii penis after a frenectomy
- Jensen, Christian (2011). Can I Just Ask?. Hay House. p. 58. ISBN 9781848502468.
- Griffin, AS; Kroovand, R. (1990). "Frenular chordee: implications and treatment". Urology 35 (2): 133–4. doi:10.1016/0090-4295(90)80060-Z. PMID 2305537.
- Preiser, G; Herschel;, M.; Bartman;, T.; Andersson;, C.; Bailis;, S. A.; Shechet, R. J.; Tanenbaum;, B.; Kunin;, S. A.; Hodges, F. M.; Fleiss;, P. M.; Antonopoulos;, J.; Rockney, R.; Taylor;, A.; Stang, H.; Snellman, L.; Fontaine, P.; Condon;, L. M.; Lannon, C. M. (2000). "Circumcision--the debates goes on". Pediatrics 105 (3 Pt 1): 681–684. doi:10.1542/peds.105.3.681. PMID 10733391.
- "Neonatal Circumcision: An Audiovisual Primer". Stanford School of Medicine.
- Hass, K.; Hass, A. (1993). Understanding Sexuality. St Louis: Mosby. pp. 99–100. ISBN 0801667488.
- Crooks, R.; Baur, K. (1993). Our Sexuality (5th ed.). Redwood City: Benjamin/Cummings. p. 129. ISBN 0-534-59567-7.
- Saulino, Michael F. (2006). "Rehabilitation of Persons With Spinal Cord Injuries". WebMD.
- Pryor, JL; Leroy, Suzanne C.; Nagel, Theodore C.; Hensleigh, Hugh C. (1995). "Vibratory stimulation for treatment of anejaculation in quadriplegic men". Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation 76 (1): 59–64. doi:10.1016/S0003-9993(95)80044-1. PMID 7811177.
- Griffin AS, Kroovand RL (1990). "Frenular chordee: implications and treatment". Urology 35 (2): 133–4. doi:10.1016/0090-4295(90)80060-Z. PMID 2305537.
- McGrath, Ken (2001). "The Frenular Delta". In Denniston GC, Hodges FM, Milos MF. Understanding Circumcision: A Multi-Disciplinary Approach to a Multi-Dimensional Problem. New York: Kluwer. ISBN 978-0306467011.