Fruit picking

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Orchard ladders in old farmstead apple orchard British Columbia, Canada, 2005

Fruit picking or fruit harvesting is a seasonal activity (paid or recreational) that occurs during harvest time in areas with fruit growing wild or being farmed in orchards.

Types of fruit[edit]

Apple picking[edit]

Apple picking in Styria

Apple picking is an activity found at apple farms. Apple orchards may be opened to the public, allowing consumers to pick their own apples or purchase pre-picked apples.[1][2]

Although this is ultimately a method of purchasing apples, it is often a social activity as well. Apple picking is often a very popular dating ritual in the American Midwest. Apple orchards catering to a family outing will provide additional activities beyond the picking of apples. Many have petting zoos, restaurants and country shops that sell related products such as home-made jams and jellies. This aspect of the activity is especially popular in the Northeastern United States & Southern Ontario and Southern Québec in Canada.

The apples that fall off the trees are often used to make apple cider. Apple cider is a juice made grinding the apples, then pressing out the juice.

Workers[edit]

Fruit-growing polytunnels with caravans for the mainly Eastern European fruit workers conveniently parked behind, Perth and Kinross, Scotland, March 2009

Most fruit picking is done by migrant workers, who can be paid relatively low wages. In California, Mexican migrants most frequently do the work.[3] There has been much controversy about replacing workers with automation.[citation needed] It puts many out of work.

In Australia and New Zealand backpackers do a lot of the fruit-picking work while on a Working Holiday Visa. The Australian government encourages people on this visa to do this sort of work for a minimum of three months so they can add another year to their visa. This benefit does not apply to all parts of Australia - one must undertake work in selected post-code areas to become eligible for the extra year.[4]

Monoculture orchards can face particular labor-timetable issues.[5]

Automation[edit]

As labor costs are still quite expensive in fruit picking, robots are being designed that can replace humans for this kind of work.[6][7] The research is still in full progress, especially as the robots need to be carefully designed so that they do not bruise the fruit while picking.[8] One solution is the use of suction grippers.[9] Citrus fruit robot pickers have thus far been the focus of research and development, but cherry pickers are also being researched.[10]

Fruit picking in art[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "FindArticles.com - CBSi". www.findarticles.com. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  2. ^ "What pick-your-own-apple orchards teach about the American economy". Slate Magazine.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2009-05-01.
  4. ^ "Fruit Picking in Australia for Backpackers". Fruit Picking Australia.
  5. ^ Kohen, Reʼuven (1972). The Kibbutz Settlement: Principles and Processes. Hakibbutz Hameuchad. p. 144. Retrieved 2018-05-24. [...] private citrus-growers [...] being monocultural, are subject to constant disturbances in their yearly labour timetable. In the winter they need thousands of hired labourers for the picking season [...].
  6. ^ "Automation - WSU Tree Fruit - Washington State University". treefruit.wsu.edu. Retrieved 14 April 2018.
  7. ^ "Farms Fund Robots to Replace Migrant Fruit Pickers". WIRED.
  8. ^ Problems with robotic fruit pickers Archived 2008-07-19 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ "Vision system simplifies robotic fruit picking". vision-systems.com.
  10. ^ "lovingthemachine.com". lovingthemachine.com. Archived from the original on 2008-12-26.