Fundamenta Mathematicae is a scientific journal of mathematics with a special focus on the foundations of mathematics. At present, it concentrates on papers devoted to set theory, mathematical logic, topology and its interactions with algebra, and dynamical systems. Originally it was devoted only to topology, set theory and foundations of mathematics: it was the first specialized journal in the field of mathematics. Its first and present publisher is the Mathematics Institute of the Polish Academy of Sciences.
The journal was a brainchild of Zygmunt Janiszewski, who conceived it as a means to foster mathematical research in Poland. Janiszewski required precisely that, in order to achieve its goal, the journal should not have forced Polish mathematicians to submit articles written exclusively in Polish, and should have been devoted only to a specialized topic in mathematics: as a consequence of these requirements, Fundamenta Mathematicae become the first specialized journal in the field of mathematics.
Despite the fact that Janiszewski gave the guidelines for the development of the journal already in an article written in 1918, he founded it in only 1920: unfortunately he could not to see the first published issue since he died on Jaunuary 3rd, 1920, with Polish mathematicians Wacław Sierpiński, Stefan Mazurkiewicz taking hover the role of chief editors after his death. The journal was published in Warsaw. Soon after the launch of the publication, the founding editors were joined by Kazimierz Kuratowski, and later by Karol Borsuk.
- (Bradley, p. 33).
- (The Editors 1978, p. 3).
- (Kuratowski 1980, p. 35).
- (Wasilewska 2013, p. 2).
- According to Kuratowski (1980, pp. 31–32) and to the introduction to the 100th volume of the journal (1978, pp=1–2). These two sources cite an article written by Janiszewski himself in 1918 and titled "On the needs of Mathematics in Poland".
- Kuratowski (1980, pp. 31–32) and The Editors (1978, pp. 1–2) stress the fact that these two requirements represented a revolutionary decisions at that time.
- (Kuratowski 1980, p. 32), (The Editors 1978, p. 1).
- Bradley, Michael J. (2006), Modern Mathematics: 1900 to 1950, Infobase Publishing, p. 176, ISBN 0816054266
- The Editors (1978), "One Hundred Volumes of “Fundamenta Mathematicae”", Fundamenta Mathematicae 100 (1): 1–8, MR 0485074.
- Kuratowski, Kazimierz (1980), A Half Century of Polish Mathematics: Remembrances and Reflections, International Series in Pure and Applied Mathematics 108, Warsaw / Oxford: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN / Pergamon Press, pp. VIII+204, ISBN 83-01-00819-9, MR 0565253, Zbl 0438.01006, ISBN 0-08-023046-6.
- Wasilewska, Anita (2013), "Chapter 1. From Logic to Computer Science–A personal Experience", in Skowron, Andrzej, Rough Sets and Intelligent Systems – Professor Zdzisław Pawlak in Memoriam: Volume 2, Intelligent Systems Reference Library 43, Berlin–Heidelberg–New York: Springer Verlag, pp. 1–5, ISBN 978-3-642-30341-8.
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