Gail Carriger

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Gail Carriger
Carriger at Eastercon 2012
Carriger at Eastercon 2012
Born (1976-05-04) May 4, 1976 (age 47)
Bolinas, California
Pen nameGail Carriger
Period2009 to present
GenreSteampunk, paranormal romance, urban fantasy, mystery, science fiction

Gail Carriger is the pen name of Tofa Borregaard, an author of steampunk fiction and an American archaeologist.[1] She was born in Bolinas, an unincorporated community in Marin County, California, and attended high school at Marin Academy.[2] She received her undergraduate degree from Oberlin College, a masters of science in archaeological materials at England's University of Nottingham in 2000, and a master of arts in anthropology (with a focus on archaeology) at the University of California Santa Cruz in 2008.[2] She is a 2010 recipient of the Alex Awards.


Carriger's first novel, Soulless, was published in 2009 by Orbit Books and earned her a nomination for the John W. Campbell Award for Best New Writer.[3] The book was a Compton Crook Award nominee,[4] a Locus Award finalist for Best First Novel,[2] and Locus placed her on their recommended reading list.[5] Her second novel, Changeless, was published in early 2010 and earned her a place on the New York Times Bestseller List.[6] Her third novel, Blameless, was released in September 2010 and also became a New York Times bestseller.[7] The five-book series continued with Heartless in late June 2011 and concluded with Timeless in March 2012. Carriger was the guest of honor at FenCon, a science fiction convention in Dallas, Texas, in September 2011.[8] Carriger lists "P. G. Wodehouse, Austen, Dickens, and Victorian travel journals" as influences on her writing.[9]

Carriger's series for young adults, the four-book Finishing School series, launched with Etiquette & Espionage in February 2013 and was an instant New York Times bestseller.[10] The Finishing School series takes place in the same world as the Parasol Protectorate series, featuring an earlier generation of characters. Book two in the Finishing School series, Curtsies & Conspiracies, was released in November 2013. In July 2012, final cover art and synopsis for Etiquette & Espionage were revealed along with the announcement of an additional series set in the Parasol Protectorate world, titled The Custard Protocol. The first novel in the Custard Protocol series was called Prudence, followed by Imprudence, Competence, and Reticence.[11] The Supernatural Society and Delightfully Deadly novellas are also set in the Parasolverse.

Carriger's paranormal romance series, The San Andreas Shifters, written under the name G.L. Carriger, launched in 2017 with The Sumage Solution.[12] The series is based on her previously published short story, Marine Biology, and is set in her home county of Marin, California.

Carriger also has a science fiction universe, the Tinkered Stars, which began with YA space adventure story Crudrat. Begun as a Kickstarter, Crudrat was first published as a full cast audio in 2014, and then reissued in print in 2022.[13] The second book in the universe is sci fi cozy mystery, The 5th Gender, was published in 2019 and written under the G.L. Carriger name.[14] She also has a YA space opera trilogy in this universe, the Tinkered Starsong series, which launched with the book Divinity 36, first published in 2023.


Parasol Protectorate[edit]

  • Soulless (2009) USA, Orbit Books ISBN 0-316-05663-4, Pub date October 7, 2009, Paperback
  • Changeless (2010) USA, Orbit Books ISBN 0-316-07414-4, Pub date April 1, 2010, Paperback
  • Blameless (2010) USA, Orbit Books ISBN 0-316-07415-2, Pub date September 1, 2010, Paperback
  • Heartless (2011) USA, Orbit Books ISBN 0-316-12719-1, Pub date June 28, 2011, Paperback
  • Timeless (2012) USA, Orbit Books, ISBN 0-316-12718-3, Pub date February 28, 2012, Paperback
  • Meat Cute (short story) (2019), ebook only

Supernatural Society novellas[edit]

  • Romancing the Inventor, Gail Carriger LLC, ISBN 9781944751067, Pub date 1 November 2016, paperback / eBook.
  • Romancing the Werewolf, Gail Carriger LLC, ISBN 9781944751104, Pub date 5 November 2017, paperback / eBook.

Parasol Protectorate (manga)[edit]

Finishing School[edit]

Delightfully Deadly novellas[edit]

  • Poison or Protect, Gail Carriger LLC, ISBN 978-1944751043, Pub date 21 June 2016, paperback / eBook
  • Defy or Defend, Gail Carriger, ISBN 9781944751432, Pub date 3 May 2020, paperback/eBook
  • Ambush or Adore, Gail Carriger, Pub date 27 June 2022, paperback / eBook

The Custard Protocol[edit]

  • Prudence (2015)
  • Imprudence (2016)
  • Competence (2018)
  • Reticence (6 Aug 2019)

Claw and Courtship[edit]

  • How to Marry a Werewolf, ISBN 9781944751272, Pub date 13 April 2020, paperback/eBook

San Andreas Shifters[edit]

  • Marine Biology (2010) novella in The Mammoth Book of Paranormal Romance 2
  • The Sumage Solution (2017)
  • The Omega Objection (2018)
  • The Enforcer Enigma (1 August 2020)
  • The Dratsie Dilemma (forthcoming)

The Tinkered Stars Universe[edit]

  • Crudrat (Full cast audio 2014 with Artistic Whispers Productions and Gail Carriger, ebook/paperback release 2022)
  • The Fifth Gender (2019)
  • Divinity 36 (forthcoming, Summer 2023) Book 1 of The Tinkered Starsong Trilogy

Short fiction[edit]

  • My Sister's Song (2011)
  • Marine Biology (2010) in The Mammoth Book of Paranormal Romance 2
  • Fairy Debt (2013)
  • The Curious Case of the Werewolf that Wasn't, The Mummy that Was and the Cat in the Jar (2013) The Book of the Dead


  • Which Is Mightier, the Pen or the Parasol? article (2010) Steampunk II: Steampunk Reloaded
  • The Heroine's Journey, non-fiction, ISBN 9781944751340, Pub date 25 Aug 2020

Cultural references[edit]


  1. ^ Henninger, Jason (May 28, 2010). "Pickles and Parasols: An interview with Gail Carriger". Tor Books. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c "2010 Locus Awards Finalists". Locus. April 19, 2010. Archived from the original on June 12, 2014. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
  3. ^ "2010 Hugo Awards Final Ballot". Aussiecon 4. Archived from the original on January 21, 2012. Retrieved August 17, 2010.
  4. ^ Silver, Steven H (March 25, 2010). "Compton Crook Nominees". SF Site. Retrieved September 21, 2010.
  5. ^ "Locus Magazine unveils 2009 recommended reading list". io9.
  6. ^ "Oberlin Beyond Oberlin". Oberlin College Alumni Magazine Spring 2010, Volume 105 no. 3. Retrieved June 9, 2015.
  7. ^ "Weekly Bestsellers: Week ending 14 September 2010". Locus. September 14, 2010. Archived from the original on May 26, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2010. Gail Carriger's Blameless (Orbit), debuts in 20th place on the NYT mass market paperback list this week.
  8. ^ Carriger, Gail (September 22, 2010). "The Very Beginnings of the Parasol Protectorate". Hail the Victorious Parasol. Archived from the original on August 16, 2011. Retrieved September 23, 2010.
  9. ^ "Interview with Gail Carriger". ReadAndFindOut.
  10. ^ "February 24, 2013 YOUNG ADULT Bestsellers". New York Times. February 24, 2013.
  11. ^ "Final cover art and release info for Gail Carriger's Etiquette & Espionage". Archived from the original on July 24, 2012.
  12. ^ "Secret Project Revealed ~ The Sumage Solution, Gail Carriger Writes Sexy M/M Paranormal Romance as G. L. Carriger". Retrieved April 29, 2023.
  13. ^ "Crudrat Cover Art Reveal!". Retrieved April 29, 2023.
  14. ^ "Announcing The 5th Gender: A Tinkered Stars Mystery by G. L. Carriger (Behind the Magic)". Retrieved April 29, 2023.

Other sources[edit]

External links[edit]