|Born||9 May 1945|
Juhaynah, Sohag Governorate, Egypt
|Died||18 October 2015 (aged 70)|
|Occupation||Journalist, author, novelist|
Gamal al-Ghitani, (Arabic: جمال الغيطانى, IPA: [ɡæˈmæːl el ɣeˈtˤɑːni]; 9 May 1945 – 18 October 2015) was an Egyptian author of historical and political novels and cultural and political commentaries and was the editor-in-chief of the literary periodical Akhbar Al-Adab ("Cultural News") till 2011.
Life and works
Gamal al-Ghitani was born in Juhaynah, Sohag Governorate in Upper Egypt and moved with his family to Cairo as a child. He began writing at a young age and had his first short story published when he was only 14. He was originally trained to be a carpet designer and received his diploma in 1962. He continued to write on the side and was imprisoned from October 1966 through March 1967 for his critical commentary on the regime of Gamal Abd el-Nasser. In 1969 he switched careers and became a journalist for the Egyptian newspaper Akhbar El Yom ("The Day's News").
After becoming a journalist, al-Ghitani continued to write historical fiction, and many of his stories are set in Cairo. He also wrote about many cultural and political topics, notably the level of censorship in modern-day Egypt. In an effort to help promote the Arab literary culture, he helped found the literary magazine "Gallery 68".
In 1980, he was awarded with the Egyptian National Prize for Literature, and in 1987, the French Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres. In 1985, he became editor-in-chief of Al Akhbar ("The News") and continued to be a contributing editor to Akhbar El-Yom's literary section. From 1993 to 2011, he was the editor-in-chief of Akhbar Al-Adab, one of Egypt's primary literary magazines. In 2005, he won a French Award for translated literature "Laure Bataillon", one of the highest French awards to be bestowed upon non-French writers. He was entitled for this award due to his giant work Khitāb al-tajalliyāt (The Book of Epiphanies). In 2009, he was awarded the Sheikh Zayed Book Award for Ren, the award is worth about $200,000 and is one of the world's richest literary awards.
Gamal al-Ghitani was married to the Egyptian journalist Magda El-Guindy, editor-in-chief of Al-Ahram's children's magazine "Alaaeddin". He has a son, Mohammad, and a daughter, Magda. He died on 18 October 2015 at the El Galaa Hospital For Armed Forces Officers Families in Cairo.
- Awraq Shab ‘Asha mundhu Alf ‘Am, 1969
- Ard .. Ard, 1972.
- الزيني بركات [Al-Zaynī Barakāt] (1974). Translated by Farouk Abdel Wahab as Zayni Barakat (1988).
- Al-Hisar min Thalath Gihat, 1975.
- Hikayat el-Gharib, 1976.
- وقائع حارة الزعفراني [Waqāʾiʿ ḥārat al-Zaʿfarānī] (1976). Translated by Peter O'Daniel as Incidents in Zafrani Alley (1986) and Farouk Abdel Wahab as The Zafarani Files (2009).
- al-Rifai, 1977.
- Dhikr ma Jara, 1978.
- Khiṭaṭ al-Ghīṭānī (1980)
- كتاب التجليات [Khitāb al-tajalliyāt] (1983–1986). Translated by Farouk Abdel Wahab as The Book of Epiphanies (2012). Three volumes.
- Muntasaf Layl al-Ghurba, 1984.
- Ahrash al-Madina, 1985.
- Ithaf aI-Zaman bi-Hikayat Jalbi al-Sultan, 1985.
- Risala min al-Sababa wal Wagd, 1988.
- Shath al-Madina, 1990.
- Risilat al-Basi'ir fi al-Masi'ir, 1989.
- Thimar al Waqt,1990.
- Asfar al-Asfar, 1992.
- Asfar al-Mushtaq, 1992.
- Ha-tif al-Maghib, 1992.
- Min Daftar al-'Ishq wal-Ghurba, 1993.
- Naftha Masdur, 1993.
- متون الأهرام [Mutun al-Ahram] (1994). Translated by Humphrey Davies as Pyramid Texts (2007).
- Shatf al-Nar, 1996.
- Hikayat Al Mo'asasa, 1997.
- Al Zowail, 2006
- نجيب محفوظ يتذكر [Al-majālis al-Maḥfūẓīyah] (2006). Translated by Humphrey Davies as The Mahfouz Dialogs (2007).
- Rinn, 2008
- Safaa Azab (7 August 2014). "Gamal El-Ghitani: Nasser should have listened to Naguib Mahfouz". Asharq Al Awsat. Retrieved 13 September 2014.
- "Award Winning Novelist Gamal Al Ghitani Dies At Age 70". The Palestine Telegraph. 18 October 2015. Archived from the original on 19 October 2015.