Ganja-Gazakh Economic Region

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The Ganja-Gazakh Economic Region in Azerbaijan consists of Agstafa, Dashkesen, Gadabay, Goranboy, Goygol, Gazakh, Samukh, Shamkir, Tovuz administrative districts and cities such as Ganja and Naftalan. The most developed and important city of Ganja-Gazakh economic region is Ganja city. The total population is 1265.2 thousand as of January 1, 2017, representing about 13.6% of the country's population. In the economic region, 47 percent of the population lives in urban areas, and 53 percent live in rural areas. Population density 103 people per km2 of land area.[1]

Agriculture[edit]

2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Total area of sown agricultural crops (ha)                   
Cereals and cereal legumes 90265 95035 101972 94654 86111 91063
Including wheat 58865 59986 63695 61018 48887 53738
Cotton 889 1380 960 622 566 2354
Tobacco - - - - - 38
Sugar beet 18 85 356 398 458 2054
Sunflower for seed production 3576 4953 4893 6260 5647 4816
Potato 31712 31022 31906 29828 29819 31163
Vegatables 12816 12321 12150 11906 11864 11852
Viticulture 1751 1039 1196 1084 968 1120
Fruit and berry 14405 14620 14774 14927 15399 15943
Grape 4071 4459 4081 4079 4263 4220
Productivity (in all categories of farming), ton
Cereals and cereal legumes 237706 297482 322418 264765 281760 277945
Including wheat 149053 184665 201316 166801 154236 163596
Cotton 1677 2568 1472 1093 419 4334
Tobacco - - - - - 24
Sugar beet 57 1765 7803 11346 17241 76564
Sunflower for seed production 6977 10264 9811 10730 9738 9752
Potato 574834 564551 587014 453697 426535 454219
Vegetables 203179 201757 204067 199158 203119 218435
Viticulture 28020 16984 19985 18636 16973 20732
Fruit and berry 129204 138403 140972 134135 135917 138830
Grape 45458 52435 53704 55653 57257 56048
Productivity (in all categories of farming), centner / ha
Cereals and cereal legumes 26,3 31,3 31,6 28,1 32,7 30,3
Including wheat 25,3 30,8 31,6 27,5 31,6 30,4
Cotton 18,9 18,6 15,3 17,6 7,4 18,6
Tobacco - - - - - 6,8
Sugar beet 32 211 224 301 396 417
Sunflower for seed production 20,0 21,1 20,7 17,6 17,8 21,1
Potato 181 182 184 152 143 146
Vegetables 152 157 159 158 163 171
Viticulture 160 164 167 172 175 186
Fruit and berry 101,8 106,0 106,1 100,4 100,6 97,9
Grape 103,6 121,2 120,7 126,9 129,3 125,5
Number of Livestock (in total)
cattle 322841 328581 330994 329301 329172 326581
including cow and buffalo 154303 156913 158176 156934 156281 156412
Sheep and goats 1736622 1740207 1745925 1741316 1736467 1714926
Pigs 76 185 643 207 147 123
Birds 2399809 2483108 2997419 3119063 2566803 2584876
Bee families 33434 34316 35431 36276 37107 39000
Production of animal products, ton
Meat 22536 24461 26154 27564 28287 29141
Milk 222702 248197 259982 266862 276848 293988
Eggs, thousand 110680 113036 175470 210888 152913 123213
Wool 3603 3725 3788 3841 3891 3446

Demographics[edit]

The demographics of the economic region includes the demographic features of the population of the region including population growth, population density, economic status and other aspects. According to the population census data in 2017, urban population accounted for 47% and rural was 53%.[2]

2010 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Population
Population (by the end of the year, thousand people) 1191,7 1216,1 1227,5 1240,8 1253,4 1265,2
Natural increase 12474 11932 12015 13516 12630 11521
Birth 20649 20205 20366 21934 20971 20176
Death 8175 8273 8351 8418 8341 8655
Including:
Children under the age of 1 213 186 182 162 159 129
Marriages 9732 9488 10717 11552 8754 8400
Divorces 954 1281 1343 1685 1877 1815
Per 1000 people
Natural increase 10,5 9,9 9,9 11,0 10,1 9,1
Birth 17,4 16,7 16,7 17,8 16,8 16,0
Death 6,9 6,8 6,8 6,8 6,7 6,9
Including;
Children under the age of 1 10,2 9,3 9,1 8,1 7,5 7,0
Marriages 8,2 7,8 8,8 9,4 7,0 6,7
Divorces 0,8 1,1 1,1 1,4 1,5 1,4

State programs[edit]

The State Program on socio-economic development of regions of Azerbaijan Republic (was approved by the Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan dated February 11, 2004) covered also Ganja-Gazakh region and was aimed to ensure efficient use of internal resources, development of sectors that bearing particular importance for the economic region, further expansion of production activity of enterprises, stimulation of export-oriented production of goods, increase of employment levels through development of local entrepreneurship, expand reforms in agrarian sector and further improvements in the living standards of population of the economic region. The program covered Aghstafa, Dashkesen, Gedebey, Goranboy, Goygol, Gazakh, Samukh, Shamkir, Tovuz districts and cities of Ganja and Naftalan. “The state program for the development of tourism in the Republic of Azerbaijan between 2010 and 2014” tended to prepare recreational plans for recreational tourism resorts and sanatoriums (recreation-placement objects) in the economic region. In addition, the third state program on regional development (2014-2018) contributed to the improvement of the agriculture, tourism, housing and public utilities, transport and other sectors.[3][4][5]

See also[edit]

Ganja, Azerbaijan

Economy of Ganja

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A.Alekperov. December, 2012 Ganja-Gazakh Economic Region. INTERNATIONAL GEOGRAPHER".
  2. ^ "Gəncə - Qazax iqtisadi rayonu. Demographic indicators. Agriculture".
  3. ^ "STATE PROGRAM ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONS OF THE REPUBLIC of AZERBAIJAN FOR 2009-2013 YEARS".
  4. ^ "STATE PROGRAM ON SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONS".
  5. ^ "Decree of the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on approving "State Program on socio-economic development of regions of the Republic of Azerbaijan for 2014-2018 years. Ganja-Gazakh economic region".