Gaspar de Quiroga y Vela
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Gaspar de Quiroga y Vela (Madrigal de las Altas Torres, Ávila, 13 January 1512 – 20 November 1594) was a prominent Catholic official who rose to become General Inquisitor of Spain, from 1573 to 1594, and Archbishop of Toledo from 1577 to 1594. He was named a Cardinal by Pope Gregory XIII in 1578. He was the nephew of the 1st Bishop of Michoacán, Mexico, Vasco de Quiroga, (1470 - 1565).
He served as a member of the Spanish High Council of Justice since 1563 and as Bishop of Cuenca, (1561–1577), being then promoted to Archbishop of Toledo, to replace former Imperial diplomat Archbishop of Toledo, Navarrese from the Dominican Order Bartolomé de Carranza (Miranda de Arga, Navarra, 1503 – Rome, Italy, 2 May 1576) in prison in Rome for some further 9 years, while defended there in front of Pope Pius V, deceased May 1572, by Navarrese Martín de Azpilcueta y Jaureguizar (Barásoain, Navarra, 13 December 1492 - Rome, Italy, 21 June 1586) to take him out of the clutches of Inquisitor Fernando de Valdés Salas, (1483 - 1567), who had detained him previously for the period August 1559 - April 1567, some 8 years.
Quiroga liberated from the Inquisition's prisons the mystical poet Fray Luis de León, (1527 - 1591) who had been imprisoned for over 4 years at Valladolid, from March 1572 until December 1576, for publishing, amongst other things, a Spanish translation of the Song of Solomon, both of his parents having Jewish ancestry albeit being himself an Augustinian monk expert in Greek, Latin and Hebrew.
Around 1584, Quiroga built at the other side of the River Tagus, in the area known as the "Cigarrales", a summer house now occupied by a hotel.
While bishop, he was the principal consecrator of:
- Rodrigo de Castro Osorio (de Lemos), Bishop of Oviedo (1574);
- Alonso Velázquez, Bishop of Osma (1578);
- Alfonso Delgado, Bishop of Astorga (1580);
- Andrés Cabrera Bobadilla, Bishop of Segovia (1583);
- Diego Aponte Quiñones, Bishop of Oviedo (1585);
- Fernando Suárez de Figueroa, Bishop of Islas Canarias (1587);
- Antonio Manrique, Bishop of Calahorra y La Calzada (1587);
- Antonio Zapata y Cisneros, Bishop of Cádiz (1587);
- Pedro Portocarrero (bishop), Bishop of Calahorra y La Calzada (1589);
- Juan de Zuazola, Bishop of Astorga (1589);
- Juan Bautista Pérez Rubert, Bishop of Segorbe (1592); and
- António de Matos de Noronha, Bishop of Elvas (1592).
- PIZARRO LLORENTE, Henar. "Un gran patrón en la corte de Felipe II : Don Gaspar de Quiroga".Pizarro Llorente, Henar. Publ. Madrid : Universidad Pontificia de Comillas, (2004), 620 pages ; 24 cm., Bibliography and Index, ISBN 84-8468-147-5
|Catholic Church titles|
Bernardo de Fresneda
Bishop of Cuenca
Diego de Covarubias y Leyva
Archbishop of Toledo
Albert VII of Austria
Pedro Ponce de León
|Grand Inquisitor of Spain
Jerónimo Manrique de Lara
Gaspar Cervantes de Gaeta
Cardinal-Priest of S. Balbina