List of current cardinals

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Generic depiction of a cardinal's choir dress
Choir dress of a cardinal, in scarlet

Cardinals are senior members of the clergy of the Catholic Church. They are almost always bishops and generally hold important roles within the church, such as governing prominent archdioceses or managing dicasteries within the Roman Curia. Cardinals are created in consistories by the pope, and one of their foremost duties is the election of a new pope (invariably from among themselves, although not a formal requirement) when the Holy See is vacant, following the death or the resignation of the reigning pontiff. The body of all cardinals is collectively known as the College of Cardinals.[1][2]

Under current ecclesiastical law, as defined by the apostolic constitution Universi Dominici gregis, only cardinals who have not passed their 80th birthday on the day on which the Holy See falls vacant are eligible to participate in a papal conclave to elect a new pope.[3] The same apostolic constitution also specifies a maximum of 120 cardinal electors who can participate in a conclave, but makes no provision in case this number is exceeded;[3] this has often happened, although never at the time of a conclave. Cardinals may also be created in pectore (reserved 'in the breast'), in which case their identities are not publicly revealed by the pope; they do not enjoy the privileges of a cardinal until their names are published. The creations of any such cardinals who have not been revealed at the pope's death or resignation automatically lapse.[1][4]

As of 6 June 2022, there are 208 cardinals, 116 of whom are cardinal electors. The most recent consistory for the creation of cardinals was held on 28 November 2020, when Pope Francis created 13 cardinals, including 9 cardinal electors.[5] On 27 August 2022, a consistory is scheduled to be held to create 20 cardinals, including 16 cardinal electors.[6] Norberto Rivera Carrera was the most recent cardinal elector to turn 80, on 6 June 2022; Gregorio Rosa Chávez will be the next cardinal elector to turn 80, on 3 September 2022. Angelo Sodano was the most recent cardinal to die, on 27 May 2022, at the age of 94.[7]

Cardinals[edit]

The College of Cardinals is divided into three orders, with official precedence in the following sequence:[1]

  1. Cardinal bishops (CB): the six cardinals who are assigned the titles of the seven suburbicarian dioceses in the vicinity of Rome[a] (plus other cardinals who are exceptionally co-opted into the order[8][9]), as appointed by the pope, as well as cardinals who are patriarchs of Eastern Catholic Churches.[10] The two most senior cardinal bishops of the College, elected by the cardinal bishops from among themselves (excluding the Eastern Catholic patriarchs) and approved by the pope,[1] are the dean and the vice dean, currently Giovanni Battista Re and Leonardo Sandri, respectively. The latter is currently also the senior cardinal bishop among the cardinal electors.[b]
  2. Cardinal priests (CP): bishops typically in charge of dioceses, as well as former cardinal deacons who have opted for the order.[11] The most senior cardinal priest is the protopriest, currently Michael Michai Kitbunchu; among the cardinal electors, the senior cardinal priest is Vinko Puljić.[b]
  3. Cardinal deacons (CD): bishops who hold curial or diplomatic roles, as well as other clergy, including priests granted dispensation not to be consecrated bishops. They have the option (Latin: optatio) of becoming cardinal priests after having been cardinal deacons for ten years.[1][12] The most senior cardinal deacon is the protodeacon, currently Renato Raffaele Martino; among the cardinal electors, the senior cardinal deacon is James Michael Harvey and the junior cardinal deacon is Mauro Gambetti.[b]

For cardinal bishops, except the Eastern Catholic patriarchs, the dean is first in precedence, followed by the vice-dean and then, in order of appointment as cardinal bishops, by the remainder. For cardinal bishops who are Eastern Catholic patriarchs, for cardinal priests and for cardinal deacons, precedence is determined by the date of the consistory in which they were created cardinals and then by the order in which they appeared in the official announcement or bulletin.

By default, this table is sorted by order of precedence. All cardinals are of the Latin Church unless otherwise stated. Cardinals belonging to institutes of consecrated life or to societies of apostolic life are indicated by the respective post-nominal letters.

* Cardinals ineligible to participate in a papal conclave
Rank Name Country Born Order Consistory Office Ref.
1 Giovanni Battista Re* Italy 30 January 1934
(age 88)
CB 21 February 2001[i]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Dicastery for Bishops [13]
2 Leonardo Sandri Argentina 18 November 1943
(age 78)
CB 24 November 2007[ii]
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Dicastery for the Eastern Churches [14]
3 Francis Arinze* Nigeria 1 November 1932
(age 89)
CB 25 May 1985[iii]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Dicastery for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments [15]
4 Tarcisio Bertone SDB* Italy 2 December 1934
(age 87)
CB 21 October 2003[iv]
John Paul II
Secretary of State emeritus and Camerlengo emeritus of the Holy Roman Church [16]
5 José Saraiva Martins CMF* Portugal 6 January 1932
(age 90)
CB 21 February 2001[v]
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Dicastery for the Causes of Saints [17]
6 Pietro Parolin Italy 17 January 1955
(age 67)
CB 22 February 2014[vi]
Francis
Secretary of State [18]
7 Marc Ouellet PSS Canada 8 June 1944
(age 78)
CB 21 October 2003[vi]
John Paul II
Prefect of the Dicastery for Bishops [19]
8 Fernando Filoni Italy 15 April 1946
(age 76)
CB 18 February 2012[vii]
Benedict XVI
Grand Master of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre [20]
9 Beniamino Stella* Italy 18 August 1941
(age 80)
CB 22 February 2014[viii]
Francis
Prefect emeritus of the Dicastery for the Clergy [21]
10 Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle Philippines 21 June 1957
(age 65)
CB 24 November 2012[ix]
Benedict XVI
Pro-Prefect for the Section of Evangelization of Dicastery for Evangelization [22]
11 Béchara Boutros Raï OMM* Lebanon 25 February 1940
(age 82)
CB 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Patriarch of Antioch
(Maronite Church)
[23]
12 Louis Raphaël I Sako Iraq 4 July 1948
(age 73)
CB 28 June 2018
Francis
Patriarch of Babylon
(Chaldean Catholic Church)
[24]
13 Michael Michai Kitbunchu* Thailand 25 January 1929
(age 93)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Bangkok [25]
14 Alexandre do Nascimento* Angola 1 March 1925
(age 97)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Luanda [26]
15 Thomas Stafford Williams* New Zealand 20 March 1930
(age 92)
CP 2 February 1983
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Wellington [27]
16 Jozef Tomko* Slovakia 11 March 1924
(age 98)
CP 25 May 1985[x]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Committee for International Eucharistic Congresses [28]
17 Paul Poupard* France 30 August 1930
(age 91)
CP 25 May 1985[x]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Councils for Culture and for Interreligious Dialogue [29]
18 Friedrich Wetter* Germany 20 February 1928
(age 94)
CP 25 May 1985
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Munich and Freising [30]
19 Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez* Dominican Republic 31 October 1936
(age 85)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Santo Domingo [31]
20 Roger Michael Mahony* United States 27 February 1936
(age 86)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Los Angeles [32]
21 Camillo Ruini* Italy 19 February 1931
(age 91)
CP 28 June 1991
John Paul II
Vicar General emeritus for Rome and Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint John Lateran [33]
22 Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja SJ* Indonesia 20 December 1934
(age 87)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Jakarta [34]
23 Emmanuel Wamala* Uganda 15 December 1926
(age 95)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Kampala [35]
24 Adam Joseph Maida* United States 18 March 1930
(age 92)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Detroit [36]
25 Vinko Puljić Bosnia and Herzegovina 8 September 1945
(age 76)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Vrhbosna [37]
26 Juan Sandoval Íñiguez* Mexico 28 March 1933
(age 89)
CP 26 November 1994
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Guadalajara [38]
27 James Francis Stafford* United States 26 July 1932
(age 89)
CP 21 February 1998[xi]
John Paul II
Major Penitentiary emeritus [39]
28 Salvatore De Giorgi* Italy 6 September 1930
(age 91)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Palermo [40]
29 Antonio María Rouco Varela* Spain 20 August 1936
(age 85)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Madrid [41]
30 Polycarp Pengo Tanzania 5 August 1944
(age 77)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Dar-es-Salaam [42]
31 Christoph Schönborn OP Austria 22 January 1945
(age 77)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop of Vienna [43]
32 Norberto Rivera Carrera* Mexico 6 June 1942
(age 80)
CP 21 February 1998
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Mexico [44]
33 Jānis Pujats* Latvia 14 November 1930
(age 91)
CP 21 February 1998[c]
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Riga [45]
34 Sergio Sebastiani* Italy 11 April 1931
(age 91)
CP 21 February 2001[xii]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See [46]
35 Crescenzio Sepe Italy 2 June 1943
(age 79)
CP 21 February 2001[xiii]
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Naples [47]
36 Walter Kasper* Germany 5 March 1933
(age 89)
CP 21 February 2001[xii]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Dicastery for Promoting Christian Unity [48]
37 Geraldo Majella Agnelo* Brazil 19 October 1933
(age 88)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of São Salvador da Bahia [49]
38 Pedro Rubiano Sáenz* Colombia 13 September 1932
(age 89)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Bogotá [50]
39 Audrys Juozas Bačkis* Lithuania 1 February 1937
(age 85)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Vilnius [51]
40 Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa ISch* Chile 5 September 1933
(age 88)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Santiago de Chile [52]
41 Wilfrid Fox Napier OFM* South Africa 8 March 1941
(age 81)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Durban [53]
42 Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga SDB Honduras 29 December 1942
(age 79)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop of Tegucigalpa and Coordinator of the Council of Cardinals [54]
43 Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne Peru 28 December 1943
(age 78)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Lima [55]
44 Cláudio Hummes OFM* Brazil 8 August 1934
(age 87)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Dicastery for the Clergy [56]
45 Severino Poletto* Italy 18 March 1933
(age 89)
CP 21 February 2001
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Turin [57]
46 Julián Herranz Casado* Spain 31 March 1930
(age 92)
CP 21 October 2003[xiv]
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Dicastery for Legislative Texts [58]
47 Angelo Scola* Italy 7 November 1941
(age 80)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Milan [59]
48 Anthony Olubunmi Okogie* Nigeria 16 June 1936
(age 86)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Lagos [60]
49 Gabriel Zubeir Wako* Sudan 27 February 1941
(age 81)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Khartoum [61]
50 Justin Francis Rigali* United States 19 April 1935
(age 87)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Philadelphia [62]
51 Ennio Antonelli* Italy 18 November 1936
(age 85)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Family [63]
52 Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson Ghana 11 October 1948
(age 73)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Chancellor of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences and the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences [64]
53 Telesphore Placidus Toppo* India 15 October 1939
(age 82)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Ranchi [65]
54 George Pell* Australia 8 June 1941
(age 81)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Prefect emeritus of the Secretariat for the Economy [66]
55 Josip Bozanić Croatia 20 March 1949
(age 73)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Zagreb [67]
56 Jean-Baptiste Phạm Minh Mẫn* Vietnam 5 March 1934
(age 88)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Ho Chi Minh City [68]
57 Philippe Barbarin France 17 October 1950
(age 71)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop emeritus of Lyon [69]
58 Péter Erdő Hungary 25 June 1952
(age 70)
CP 21 October 2003
John Paul II
Archbishop of Esztergom–Budapest [70]
59 Franc Rodé CM* Slovenia 23 September 1934
(age 87)
CP 24 March 2006[xv]
Benedict XVI
Prefect emeritus of the Dicastery for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life [71]
60 Agostino Vallini* Italy 17 April 1940
(age 82)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Pontifical Legate for the Basilicas of Saint Francis and Saint Mary of the Angels in Assisi [72]
61 Gaudencio Borbon Rosales* Philippines 10 August 1932
(age 89)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Manila [73]
62 Jean-Pierre Ricard France 25 September 1944
(age 77)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Bordeaux [74]
63 Antonio Cañizares Llovera Spain 15 October 1945
(age 76)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Valencia [75]
64 Seán Patrick O'Malley OFMCap United States 29 June 1944
(age 78)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Boston and President of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors [76]
65 Stanisław Dziwisz* Poland 27 April 1939
(age 83)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Kraków [77]
66 Joseph Zen Ze-kiun SDB* Hong Kong
(China)[d]
13 January 1932
(age 90)
CP 24 March 2006
Benedict XVI
Bishop emeritus of Hong Kong [78]
67 Giovanni Lajolo* Italy 3 January 1935
(age 87)
CP 24 November 2007[xvi]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State [79]
68 Paul Josef Cordes* Germany 5 September 1934
(age 87)
CP 24 November 2007[xvi]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum [80]
69 Angelo Comastri Italy 17 September 1943
(age 78)
CP 24 November 2007[xvi]
Benedict XVI
Vicar General emeritus for Vatican City, Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter and President emeritus of the Fabric of Saint Peter [81]
70 Stanisław Ryłko Poland 4 July 1945
(age 76)
CP 24 November 2007[xvi]
Benedict XVI
Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major [82]
71 Raffaele Farina SDB* Italy 24 September 1933
(age 88)
CP 24 November 2007[xvi]
Benedict XVI
Archivist and Librarian emeritus of the Holy Roman Church [83]
72 Seán Baptist Brady* Ireland[e] 16 August 1939
(age 82)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Armagh [84]
73 Lluís Martínez Sistach* Spain 29 April 1937
(age 85)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Barcelona [85]
74 André Vingt-Trois France 7 November 1942
(age 79)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Paris [86]
75 Angelo Bagnasco Italy 14 January 1943
(age 79)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Genoa [87]
76 Théodore-Adrien Sarr* Senegal 28 November 1936
(age 85)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Dakar [88]
77 Oswald Gracias India 24 December 1944
(age 77)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Bombay [89]
78 Francisco Robles Ortega Mexico 2 March 1949
(age 73)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Guadalajara [90]
79 Daniel Nicholas DiNardo United States 23 May 1949
(age 73)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Galveston–Houston [91]
80 Odilo Pedro Scherer Brazil 21 September 1949
(age 72)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of São Paulo [92]
81 John Njue Kenya 1944[f]
(age 77–78)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Nairobi [93]
82 Estanislao Esteban Karlic* Argentina 7 February 1926
(age 96)
CP 24 November 2007
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Paraná [94]
83 Angelo Amato SDB* Italy 8 June 1938
(age 84)
CP 20 November 2010[xvii]
Benedict XVI
Prefect emeritus of the Dicastery for the Causes of Saints [95]
84 Robert Sarah Guinea 15 June 1945
(age 77)
CP 20 November 2010[xvii]
Benedict XVI
Prefect emeritus of the Dicastery for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments [96]
85 Francesco Monterisi* Italy 28 May 1934
(age 88)
CP 20 November 2010[xvii]
Benedict XVI
Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls [97]
86 Raymond Leo Burke United States 30 June 1948
(age 74)
CP 20 November 2010[xvii]
Benedict XVI
Patron of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta [98]
87 Kurt Koch Switzerland 15 March 1950
(age 72)
CP 20 November 2010[xvii]
Benedict XVI
President of the Dicastery for Promoting Christian Unity [99]
88 Mauro Piacenza Italy 15 September 1944
(age 77)
CP 20 November 2010[xvii]
Benedict XVI
Major Penitentiary [100]
89 Gianfranco Ravasi Italy 18 October 1942
(age 79)
CP 20 November 2010[xvii]
Benedict XVI
President of the Pontifical Council for Culture [101]
90 Paolo Romeo* Italy 20 February 1938
(age 84)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Palermo [102]
91 Donald William Wuerl* United States 12 November 1940
(age 81)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Washington [103]
92 Raymundo Damasceno Assis* Brazil 15 February 1937
(age 85)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Aparecida [104]
93 Kazimierz Nycz Poland 1 February 1950
(age 72)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Warsaw [105]
94 Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don Sri Lanka 15 November 1947
(age 74)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Colombo [106]
95 Reinhard Marx Germany 21 September 1953
(age 68)
CP 20 November 2010
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Munich and Freising and Coordinator of the Council for the Economy [107]
96 Walter Brandmüller* Germany 5 January 1929
(age 93)
CP 20 November 2010[xvii]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Committee for Historical Sciences [108]
97 Manuel Monteiro de Castro* Portugal 29 March 1938
(age 84)
CP 18 February 2012[xviii]
Benedict XVI
Major Penitentiary emeritus [109]
98 Santos Abril y Castelló* Spain 21 September 1935
(age 86)
CP 18 February 2012[xviii]
Benedict XVI
Archpriest emeritus of the Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major [110]
99 Antonio Maria Vegliò* Italy 3 February 1938
(age 84)
CP 18 February 2012[xviii]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People [111]
100 Giuseppe Bertello Italy 1 October 1942
(age 79)
CP 18 February 2012[xviii]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Pontifical Commission for Vatican City State [112]
101 Francesco Coccopalmerio* Italy 6 March 1938
(age 84)
CP 18 February 2012[xviii]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Dicastery for Legislative Texts [113]
102 João Braz de Aviz Brazil 24 April 1947
(age 75)
CP 18 February 2012[xviii]
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Dicastery for Institutes of Consecrated Life and Societies of Apostolic Life [114]
103 Edwin Frederick O'Brien* United States 8 April 1939
(age 83)
CP 18 February 2012[xviii]
Benedict XVI
Grand Master emeritus of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre [115]
104 Domenico Calcagno Italy 3 February 1943
(age 79)
CP 18 February 2012[xviii]
Benedict XVI
President emeritus of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See [116]
105 Giuseppe Versaldi Italy 30 July 1943
(age 78)
CP 18 February 2012[xviii]
Benedict XVI
Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education [117]
106 George Alencherry India 19 April 1945
(age 77)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Ernakulam–Angamaly
(Syro-Malabar Catholic Church)
[118]
107 Thomas Christopher Collins Canada 16 January 1947
(age 75)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Toronto [119]
108 Dominik Duka OP Czech Republic 26 April 1943
(age 79)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Prague [120]
109 Willem Jacobus Eijk Netherlands 22 June 1953
(age 69)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Utrecht [121]
110 Giuseppe Betori Italy 25 February 1947
(age 75)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Florence [122]
111 Timothy Michael Dolan United States 6 February 1950
(age 72)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of New York [123]
112 Rainer Maria Woelki Germany 18 August 1956
(age 65)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop of Cologne [124]
113 John Tong Hon* Hong Kong
(China)[d]
31 July 1939
(age 82)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Bishop emeritus of Hong Kong [125]
114 Lucian Mureșan* Romania 23 May 1931
(age 91)
CP 18 February 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Făgăraș and Alba Iulia
(Romanian Greek Catholic Church)
[126]
115 Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal India 15 June 1959
(age 63)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Major Archbishop of Trivandrum
(Syro-Malankara Catholic Church)
[127]
116 John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan Nigeria 29 January 1944
(age 78)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Abuja [128]
117 Rubén Salazar Gómez Colombia 22 September 1942
(age 79)
CP 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archbishop emeritus of Bogotá [129]
118 Vincent Gerard Nichols United Kingdom 8 November 1945
(age 76)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Westminster [130]
119 Leopoldo José Brenes Solórzano Nicaragua 7 March 1949
(age 73)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Managua [131]
120 Gérald Cyprien Lacroix ISPX Canada 27 July 1957
(age 64)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Quebec [132]
121 Jean-Pierre Kutwa Ivory Coast 22 December 1945
(age 76)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Abidjan [133]
122 Orani João Tempesta OCist Brazil 23 June 1950
(age 72)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro [134]
123 Gualtiero Bassetti Italy 7 April 1942
(age 80)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Perugia–Città della Pieve [135]
124 Mario Aurelio Poli Argentina 29 November 1947
(age 74)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Buenos Aires [136]
125 Andrew Yeom Soo-jung South Korea 5 December 1943
(age 78)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Seoul [137]
126 Ricardo Ezzati Andrello SDB* Chile 7 January 1942
(age 80)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Santiago de Chile [138]
127 Philippe Nakellentuba Ouédraogo Burkina Faso 25 January 1945
(age 77)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop of Ouagadougou [139]
128 Orlando Beltran Quevedo OMI* Philippines 11 March 1939
(age 83)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Cotabato [140]
129 Chibly Langlois Haiti 29 November 1958
(age 63)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Bishop of Les Cayes [141]
130 Kelvin Edward Felix* Saint Lucia 15 February 1933
(age 89)
CP 22 February 2014
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Castries [142]
131 Manuel José Macário do Nascimento Clemente Portugal 16 July 1948
(age 73)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Patriarch of Lisbon [143]
132 Berhaneyesus Demerew Souraphiel CM Ethiopia 14 July 1948
(age 73)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Addis Abeba
(Ethiopian Catholic Church)
[144]
133 John Atcherley Dew New Zealand 5 May 1948
(age 74)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Wellington [145]
134 Edoardo Menichelli* Italy 14 October 1939
(age 82)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Ancona–Osimo [146]
135 Pierre Nguyễn Văn Nhơn* Vietnam 1 April 1938
(age 84)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Hanoi [147]
136 Alberto Suárez Inda* Mexico 30 January 1939
(age 83)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Morelia [148]
137 Charles Maung Bo SDB Myanmar 29 October 1948
(age 73)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Yangon [149]
138 Francis Xavier Kriengsak Kovithavanij Thailand 27 June 1949
(age 73)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Bangkok [150]
139 Francesco Montenegro Italy 22 May 1946
(age 76)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Agrigento [151]
140 Daniel Fernando Sturla Berhouet SDB Uruguay 4 July 1959
(age 62)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop of Montevideo [152]
141 Ricardo Blázquez Pérez* Spain 13 April 1942
(age 80)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Valladolid [153]
142 José Luis Lacunza Maestrojuán OAR Panama 24 February 1944
(age 78)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop of David [154]
143 Arlindo Gomes Furtado Cape Verde 15 November 1949
(age 72)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop of Santiago de Cabo Verde [155]
144 Soane Patita Paini Mafi Tonga 19 December 1961
(age 60)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop of Tonga [156]
145 Luis Héctor Villalba* Argentina 11 October 1934
(age 87)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Tucumán [157]
146 Júlio Duarte Langa* Mozambique 27 October 1927
(age 94)
CP 14 February 2015
Francis
Bishop emeritus of Xai-Xai [158]
147 Dieudonné Nzapalainga CSSp Central African Republic 14 March 1967
(age 55)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Bangui [159]
148 Carlos Osoro Sierra Spain 16 May 1945
(age 77)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Madrid [160]
149 Sérgio da Rocha Brazil 21 October 1959
(age 62)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia [161]
150 Blase Joseph Cupich United States 19 March 1949
(age 73)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Chicago [162]
151 Patrick D'Rozario CSC Bangladesh 1 October 1943
(age 78)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Dhaka [163]
152 Baltazar Enrique Porras Cardozo Venezuela 10 October 1944
(age 77)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Mérida [164]
153 Jozef De Kesel Belgium 17 June 1947
(age 75)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Mechelen–Brussels [165]
154 Maurice Piat CSSp* Mauritius 19 July 1941
(age 80)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Bishop of Port-Louis [166]
155 Carlos Aguiar Retes Mexico 9 January 1950
(age 72)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Mexico [167]
156 John Ribat MSC Papua New Guinea 9 February 1957
(age 65)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Port Moresby [168]
157 Joseph William Tobin CSsR United States 3 May 1952
(age 70)
CP 19 November 2016
Francis
Archbishop of Newark [169]
158 Jean Zerbo Mali 27 December 1943
(age 78)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Archbishop of Bamako [170]
159 Juan José Omella Omella Spain 21 April 1946
(age 76)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Archbishop of Barcelona [171]
160 Anders Arborelius OCD Sweden 24 September 1949
(age 72)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Bishop of Stockholm [172]
161 Louis-Marie Ling Mangkhanekhoun IVD Laos 8 April 1944
(age 78)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Apostolic Vicar of Vientiane [173]
162 Gregorio Rosa Chávez El Salvador 3 September 1942
(age 79)
CP 28 June 2017
Francis
Auxiliary Bishop of San Salvador [174]
163 Angelo De Donatis Italy 4 January 1954
(age 68)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Vicar General for Rome and Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint John Lateran [175]
164 Joseph Coutts Pakistan 21 July 1945
(age 76)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Karachi [176]
165 António Augusto dos Santos Marto Portugal 5 May 1947
(age 75)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Bishop emeritus of Leiria–Fátima [177]
166 Pedro Ricardo Barreto Jimeno SJ Peru 12 February 1944
(age 78)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Huancayo [178]
167 Désiré Tsarahazana Madagascar 13 June 1954
(age 68)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Toamasina [179]
168 Giuseppe Petrocchi Italy 19 August 1948
(age 73)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of L'Aquila [180]
169 Thomas Aquino Manyo Maeda Japan 3 March 1949
(age 73)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Archbishop of Osaka [181]
170 Toribio Ticona Porco* Bolivia 25 April 1937
(age 85)
CP 28 June 2018
Francis
Prelate emeritus of Corocoro [182]
171 Ignatius Suharyo Hardjoatmodjo Indonesia 9 July 1950
(age 71)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of Jakarta [183]
172 Juan de la Caridad García Rodríguez Cuba 11 July 1948
(age 73)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of San Cristóbal de la Habana [184]
173 Fridolin Ambongo Besungu OFMCap Democratic Republic of the Congo 24 January 1960
(age 62)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of Kinshasa [185]
174 Jean-Claude Hollerich SJ Luxembourg 9 August 1958
(age 63)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of Luxembourg [186]
175 Álvaro Leonel Ramazzini Imeri Guatemala 16 July 1947
(age 74)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Bishop of Huehuetenango [187]
176 Matteo Maria Zuppi Italy 11 October 1955
(age 66)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of Bologna [188]
177 Cristóbal López Romero SDB Morocco 19 May 1952
(age 70)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop of Rabat [189]
178 Sigitas Tamkevičius SJ* Lithuania 7 November 1938
(age 83)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Kaunas [190]
179 Eugenio Dal Corso PSDP* Angola 16 May 1939
(age 83)
CP 5 October 2019
Francis
Bishop emeritus of Benguela [191]
180 Antoine Kambanda Rwanda 10 November 1958
(age 63)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Archbishop of Kigali [192]
181 Wilton Daniel Gregory United States 7 December 1947
(age 74)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Archbishop of Washington [193]
182 Jose Fuerte Advincula Philippines 30 March 1952
(age 70)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Archbishop of Manila [194]
183 Celestino Aós Braco OFMCap Chile 6 April 1945
(age 77)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Archbishop of Santiago de Chile [195]
184 Augusto Paolo Lojudice Italy 1 July 1964
(age 58)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Archbishop of Siena–Colle di Val d'Elsa–Montalcino [196]
185 Felipe Arizmendi Esquivel* Mexico 1 May 1940
(age 82)
CP 28 November 2020
Francis
Bishop emeritus of San Cristóbal de Las Casas [197]
186 Renato Raffaele Martino* Italy 23 November 1932
(age 89)
CD 21 October 2003
John Paul II
President emeritus of the Pontifical Councils for Justice and Peace and for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People [198]
187 James Michael Harvey United States 20 October 1949
(age 72)
CD 24 November 2012
Benedict XVI
Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Paul Outside the Walls [199]
188 Lorenzo Baldisseri* Italy 29 September 1940
(age 81)
CD 22 February 2014
Francis
Secretary-General emeritus of the Synod of Bishops [200]
189 Gerhard Ludwig Müller Germany 31 December 1947
(age 74)
CD 22 February 2014
Francis
Prefect emeritus of the Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith [201]
190 Dominique Mamberti France 7 March 1952
(age 70)
CD 14 February 2015
Francis
Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura [202]
191 Karl-Josef Rauber* Germany 11 April 1934
(age 88)
CD 14 February 2015
Francis
Apostolic Nuncio emeritus to Belgium and to Luxembourg [203]
192 Mario Zenari Italy 5 January 1946
(age 76)
CD 19 November 2016
Francis
Apostolic Nuncio to Syria [204]
193 Kevin Joseph Farrell United States 2 September 1947
(age 74)
CD 19 November 2016
Francis
Prefect of the Dicastery for the Laity, Family and Life and Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church [205]
194 Ernest Simoni* Albania 18 October 1928
(age 93)
CD 19 November 2016
Francis
Priest of the Archdiocese of Shkodër–Pult[g] [206]
195 Luis Francisco Ladaria Ferrer SJ Spain 19 April 1944
(age 78)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Prefect of the Dicastery for the Doctrine of the Faith [207]
196 Giovanni Angelo Becciu*[h] Italy 2 June 1948
(age 74)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Prefect emeritus of the Dicastery for the Causes of Saints [208]
197 Konrad Krajewski Poland 25 November 1963
(age 58)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Prefect of the Dicastery for the Service of Charity and Almoner of His Holiness [209]
198 Aquilino Bocos Merino CMF* Spain 17 May 1938
(age 84)
CD 28 June 2018
Francis
Superior General emeritus of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary [210]
199 Miguel Ángel Ayuso Guixot MCCJ Spain 17 June 1952
(age 70)
CD 5 October 2019
Francis
President of the Dicastery for Interreligious Dialogue [211]
200 José Tolentino Calaça de Mendonça Portugal 15 December 1965
(age 56)
CD 5 October 2019
Francis
Archivist and Librarian of the Holy Roman Church [212]
201 Michael Czerny SJ Canada 18 July 1946
(age 75)
CD 5 October 2019
Francis
Prefect of the Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development [213]
202 Michael Louis Fitzgerald MAfr* United Kingdom 17 August 1937
(age 84)
CD 5 October 2019
Francis
Apostolic Nuncio emeritus to Egypt [214]
203 Mario Grech Malta 20 February 1957
(age 65)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Secretary-General of the Synod of Bishops [215]
204 Marcello Semeraro Italy 22 December 1947
(age 74)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Prefect of the Dicastery for the Causes of Saints [216]
205 Mauro Gambetti OFMConv Italy 27 October 1965
(age 56)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Vicar General for Vatican City, Archpriest of the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter and President of the Fabric of Saint Peter [217]
206 Silvano Maria Tomasi CS* Italy 12 October 1940
(age 81)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Special Delegate to the Sovereign Military Order of Malta [218]
207 Raniero Cantalamessa OFMCap* Italy 22 July 1934
(age 87)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Preacher of the Papal Household[g] [219]
208 Enrico Feroci* Italy 27 August 1940
(age 81)
CD 28 November 2020
Francis
Pastor of the Shrine of Our Lady of Divine Love in Castel di Leva, Rome [220]

Cardinals to be created on 27 August 2022[edit]

On 29 May 2022, Pope Francis announced that 21 cardinals, including 16 cardinal electors, would be created in a consistory to be held on 27 August 2022.[6] On 16 June 2022, it was announced that Francis had accepted the personal request of Lucas Van Looy, the bishop emeritus of Ghent, not to be created a cardinal.[221][222] The orders to which the appointees will belong are unconfirmed; the remaining 20 cardinals-designate are listed here in order of announcement.[6]

Rank Name Country Born Order Consistory Office Ref.
1 Arthur Roche United Kingdom 6 March 1950
(age 72)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Prefect of the Dicastery for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments [6]
2 Lazarus You Heung-sik South Korea 17 November 1951
(age 70)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Prefect of the Dicastery for the Clergy [6]
3 Fernando Vérgez Alzaga LC Spain 1 March 1945
(age 77)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
President of the Pontifical Commission for the Vatican City State [6]
4 Jean-Marc Aveline France 26 December 1958
(age 63)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Archbishop of Marseille [6]
5 Peter Ebere Okpaleke Nigeria 1 March 1963
(age 59)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Bishop of Ekwulobia [6]
6 Leonardo Ulrich Steiner OFM Brazil 6 November 1950
(age 71)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Archbishop of Manaus [6]
7 Filipe Neri António Sebastião do Rosário Ferrão India 20 January 1953
(age 69)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Archbishop of Goa and Daman and Patriarch of the East Indies [6]
8 Robert Walter McElroy United States 5 February 1954
(age 68)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Bishop of San Diego [6]
9 Virgílio do Carmo da Silva SDB East Timor 27 November 1967
(age 54)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Archbishop of Díli [6]
10 Oscar Cantoni Italy 1 September 1950
(age 71)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Bishop of Como [6]
11 Anthony Poola India 15 November 1961
(age 60)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Archbishop of Hyderabad [6]
12 Paulo Cezar Costa Brazil 20 July 1967
(age 54)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Archbishop of Brasília [6]
13 Richard Kuuia Baawobr MAfr Ghana 21 June 1959
(age 63)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Bishop of Wa [6]
14 William Goh Seng Chye Singapore 25 June 1957
(age 65)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Archbishop of Singapore [6]
15 Adalberto Martínez Flores Paraguay 8 July 1951
(age 70)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Archbishop of Asunción [6]
16 Giorgio Marengo IMC Mongolia 7 June 1974
(age 48)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Apostolic Prefect of Ulaanbaatar [6]
17 Jorge Enrique Jiménez Carvajal CJM* Colombia 29 March 1942
(age 80)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Cartagena [6]
18 Arrigo Miglio* Italy 18 July 1942
(age 79)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Archbishop emeritus of Cagliari [6]
19 Gianfranco Ghirlanda SJ* Italy 5 July 1942
(age 79)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Rector emeritus of the Pontifical Gregorian University [6]
20 Fortunato Frezza* Italy 6 February 1942
(age 80)
TBA 27 August 2022
Francis
Canon of the Chapter of the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter [6]

Former cardinals[edit]

As of 28 July 2018, there are three living former cardinals, listed here in chronological order of when they ceased to be a cardinal:

Demographics of the College of Cardinals[edit]

This table indicates the number of current cardinals created by each pope and belonging to each order of the College. By default, it is sorted by order of pontificate.

Currently, 116 of 208 cardinals (55.8 per cent) are eligible to participate in a papal conclave. The number of votes required to be elected pope with a two-thirds supermajority, if all 116 cardinal electors were to participate, would be 78.[3][227]

Pope Order Total Percentage of total
Cardinal bishops Cardinal priests Cardinal deacons
No. Name All Electors All Electors All Electors All Electors All Electors
264 John Paul II
16 October 1978 – 2 April 2005
5 1 46 10 1 0 52 11 25.0% 9.5%
265 Benedict XVI
19 April 2005 – 28 February 2013
4 3 59 34 1 1 64 38 30.8% 32.8%
266 Francis
13 March 2013 – present
3 2 68 53 21 12 92 67 44.2% 57.8%
Total 12 6 173 97 23 13 208 116 100.0% 100.0%
Percentage of total 5.8% 5.2% 83.2% 83.6% 11.1% 11.2% 100.0% 100.0%

Cardinals by particular church sui iuris[edit]

While most cardinals belong to the Latin Church, which encompasses the vast majority of Catholics, a small number of cardinals belong to one of the twenty-three autonomous (sui iuris) Eastern Catholic Churches. Currently, there are six Eastern Catholic cardinals, including four cardinal electors, belonging to six particular churches sui iuris:

Particular church sui iuris All cardinals Cardinal electors
Number Percentage Number Percentage
Latin Church
(Western)
202 97.1% 112 96.6%
Eastern Churches Chaldean Catholic Church 1 0.5% 1 0.9%
Ethiopian Catholic Church 1 0.5% 1 0.9%
Maronite Church 1 0.5% 0 0.0%
Romanian Greek Catholic Church 1 0.5% 0 0.0%
Syro-Malabar Catholic Church 1 0.5% 1 0.9%
Syro-Malankara Catholic Church 1 0.5% 1 0.9%
Total 6 2.9% 4 3.4%
Total 208 100.0% 116 100.0%

Cardinals by institute of consecrated life or society of apostolic life[edit]

Currently, there are 46 cardinals (22.1 per cent), including 26 cardinal electors (22.4 per cent), belonging to 25 institutes of consecrated life or societies of apostolic life. Common names, if different, are given in brackets in this table.

Post-nominal Institute or society All cardinals Cardinal electors
CM Congregation of the Mission (Vincentians/Lazarists) 2 1
CMF Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Claretians) 2 0
CS Congregation of the Missionaries of Saint Charles Borromeo (Scalabrinians) 1 0
CSC Congregation of Holy Cross (Holy Cross Fathers) 1 1
CSSp Congregation of the Holy Spirit (Holy Ghost Fathers / Spiritans) 2 1
CSsR Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer (Redemptorists) 1 1
ISch Institute of Schönstatt Fathers 1 0
ISPX Pius X Secular Institute 1 1
IVD Voluntas Dei Institute 1 1
MAfr Missionaries of Africa (White Fathers) 1 0
MCCJ Comboni Missionaries of the Heart of Jesus 1 1
MSC Missionaries of the Sacred Heart 1 1
OAR Order of Augustinian Recollects 1 1
OCD Order of Discalced Carmelites 1 1
OCist Order of Cistercians 1 1
OFM Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans) 2 0
OFMCap Order of Friars Minor Capuchin (Capuchins) 4 3
OFMConv Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans) 1 1
OMI Missionary Oblates of Mary Immaculate (Oblates) 1 0
OMM Mariamite Maronite Order (Aleppians) 1 0
OP Order of Preachers (Dominicans) 2 2
PSDP Poor Servants of Divine Providence 1 0
PSS Society of the Priests of Saint Sulpice (Sulpicians) 1 1
SDB Society of Saint Francis de Sales (Salesians) 9 4
SJ Society of Jesus (Jesuits) 6 4
(none) Secular clergy 162 90
Total 208 116

Cardinals by continent[edit]

For the purposes of this article, countries are grouped into continents generally according to the regions of the United Nations geoscheme; for the Americas region, North America comprises the Northern America, the Central America and the Caribbean subregions, while South America comprises the remaining subregion of the same name.

Continent All cardinals Cardinal electors Percentage of global Catholic population (2020)[228]
Number Percentage Number Percentage
Africa 25 12.0% 15 12.9% 19%
North America 34 16.3% 22 19.0% 20%
South America 21 10.1% 12 10.3% 28%
Asia 25 12.0% 15 12.9% 11%
Europe 98 47.1% 49 42.2% 21%
Oceania 5 2.4% 3 2.6% 1%
Total 208 100.0% 116 100.0% 100%

Cardinals by country[edit]

Currently, there are 86 countries that have cardinals, 65 of which have cardinal electors. The countries with the greatest percentages of all cardinals are Italy (21.2 per cent), the United States (7.2 per cent), and Spain (5.3 per cent). Among the cardinal electors, the countries with the greatest percentages are Italy (16.4 per cent), the United States (7.8 per cent), and Spain (4.3 per cent).

Country Continent All cardinals Cardinal electors
Albania Europe 1 0
Angola Africa 2 0
Argentina South America 4 2
Australia Oceania 1 0
Austria Europe 1 1
Bangladesh Asia 1 1
Belgium Europe 1 1
Bolivia South America 1 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe 1 1
Brazil South America 7 4
Burkina Faso Africa 1 1
Canada North America 4 4
Cape Verde Africa 1 1
Central African Republic Africa 1 1
Chile South America 3 1
Colombia South America 2 1
Cuba North America 1 1
Democratic Republic of the Congo Africa 1 1
Croatia Europe 1 1
Czech Republic Europe 1 1
Dominican Republic North America 1 0
El Salvador North America 1 1
Ethiopia Africa 1 1
France Europe 5 4
Germany Europe 8 3
Ghana Africa 1 1
Guatemala North America 1 1
Guinea Africa 1 1
Haiti North America 1 1
Honduras North America 1 1
Hong Kong (China)[d] Asia 2 0
Hungary Europe 1 1
India Asia 4 3
Indonesia Asia 2 1
Iraq Asia 1 1
Ireland Europe 1 0
Italy Europe 44 19
Ivory Coast Africa 1 1
Japan Asia 1 1
Kenya Africa 1 1
South Korea Asia 1 1
Laos Asia 1 1
Latvia Europe 1 0
Lebanon Asia 1 0
Lithuania Europe 2 0
Luxembourg Europe 1 1
Madagascar Africa 1 1
Mali Africa 1 1
Malta Europe 1 1
Mauritius Africa 1 0
Mexico North America 6 2
Morocco Africa 1 1
Mozambique Africa 1 0
Myanmar Asia 1 1
Netherlands Europe 1 1
New Zealand Oceania 2 1
Nicaragua North America 1 1
Nigeria Africa 3 1
Pakistan Asia 1 1
Panama North America 1 1
Papua New Guinea Oceania 1 1
Peru South America 2 2
Philippines Asia 4 2
Poland Europe 4 3
Portugal Europe 5 3
Romania Europe 1 0
Rwanda Africa 1 1
Saint Lucia North America 1 0
Senegal Africa 1 0
Slovakia Europe 1 0
Slovenia Europe 1 0
South Africa Africa 1 0
Spain Europe 11 5
Sri Lanka Asia 1 1
Sudan Africa 1 0
Sweden Europe 1 1
Switzerland Europe 1 1
Tanzania Africa 1 1
Thailand Asia 2 1
Tonga Oceania 1 1
Uganda Africa 1 0
United Kingdom Europe 2 1
United States North America 15 9
Uruguay South America 1 1
Venezuela South America 1 1
Vietnam Asia 2 0
Total 208 116

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The dean of the College of Cardinals holds the title of the Suburbicarian Diocese of Ostia ex officio, in addition to his original one when first appointed a cardinal bishop.[1]
  2. ^ a b c Among the cardinal electors, the senior cardinal bishop, the senior cardinal priest, the senior cardinal deacon and the junior cardinal deacon have specific roles in a papal conclave, such as presiding over the conclave itself (the senior cardinal bishop) or announcing the election of the pope (the senior cardinal deacon).[3]
  3. ^ Created a cardinal in pectore; revealed on 21 February 2001
  4. ^ a b c Special administrative region of China
  5. ^ Territory as archbishop also in the United Kingdom
  6. ^ Exact date of birth unknown
  7. ^ a b Granted dispensation not to receive episcopal consecration
  8. ^ Resigned the rights and privileges of a cardinal on 24 September 2020

  1. ^ Created a cardinal priest; appointed a cardinal bishop on 1 October 2002
  2. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 19 May 2018 and co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 28 June 2018
  3. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 29 January 1996 and appointed a cardinal bishop on 25 April 2005
  4. ^ Created a cardinal priest; appointed a cardinal bishop on 10 May 2008
  5. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; appointed a cardinal bishop on 24 February 2009
  6. ^ a b Created a cardinal priest; co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 28 June 2018
  7. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 28 June 2018
  8. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; appointed a cardinal bishop on 1 May 2020
  9. ^ Created a cardinal priest; co-opted as a cardinal bishop on 1 May 2020
  10. ^ a b Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 29 January 1996
  11. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 1 March 2008
  12. ^ a b Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 21 February 2011
  13. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 20 May 2006
  14. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 12 June 2014
  15. ^ Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 20 June 2016
  16. ^ a b c d e Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 19 May 2018
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 3 May 2021
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i Created a cardinal deacon; became a cardinal priest on 4 March 2022

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "The College of Cardinals General Documentazion". Holy See Press Office. 17 February 2014. The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Archived from the original on 20 July 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  2. ^ Sägmüller, Johannes Baptist (1913). "Cardinal" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  3. ^ a b c d Pope John Paul II (22 February 1996). "Universi Dominici Gregis". The Holy See (Apostolic constitution). Libreria Editrice Vaticana. Archived from the original on 26 August 2018. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  4. ^ Boudinhon, Auguste (1913). "In Petto" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  5. ^ "Announcement of consistory on 28 November for the creation of new cardinals". Holy See Press Office. 25 October 2020. Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 25 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w "Announcement of Consistory on 27 August for the creation of new Cardinals". Holy See Press Office. 29 May 2022. Archived from the original on 17 June 2022. Retrieved 29 May 2022.
  7. ^ Brockhaus, Hannah (28 May 2022). "Cardinal Angelo Sodano, former Vatican secretary of state, dies at 94". Catholic News Agency. Archived from the original on 28 May 2022. Retrieved 28 May 2022.
  8. ^ "Rescriptum ex Audientia Ss.mi: Rescriptum of the Holy Father Francis by which he has decided to co-opt into the Order of Bishops, equating them in all respects with the Cardinals holding the title of a suburbicarian Church, Cardinals Parolin, Sandri, Ouellet and Filoni". Holy See Press Office. 26 June 2018. Archived from the original on 26 June 2018. Retrieved 26 June 2018.
  9. ^ "Rescriptum ex Audientia Ss.mi: Rescritto del Santo Padre Francesco con cui ha deciso di cooptare nell'Ordine dei Vescovi, equiparandolo in tutto ai Cardinali insigniti del titolo di una Chiesa suburbicaria, l'Em.mo Cardinale Luis Antonio G. Tagle" [Rescriptum ex Audientia Ss.mi: Rescript of the Holy Father Francis, by which he decides to co-opt into the Order of Bishops His Eminence Cardinal Luis Antonio G. Tagle, equating him in all respects to the Cardinals who have been awarded the title of a suburbicarian Church]. Sala Stampa della Santa Sede (in Italian). 1 May 2020. Archived from the original on 1 May 2020. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  10. ^ "The See of Peter – Cardinal Bishops". EWTN. Archived from the original on 26 June 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  11. ^ "The See of Peter – Cardinal Priests". EWTN. Archived from the original on 3 July 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  12. ^ "The See of Peter – Cardinal Deacons". EWTN. Archived from the original on 18 July 2018. Retrieved 20 January 2018.
  13. ^ "Re Card. Giovanni Battista". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  14. ^ "Sandri Card. Leonardo". Holy See Press Office. Archived from the original on 19 September 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2017.
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