Gelderlander

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Gelderlander
four tall elegant horses in harness
In harness, four-in-hand
Conservation status
Other namesGelders Paard
Country of originHolland
Traits
Weight
Height
  • Male:
    168 cm[2]
  • Female:
    165 cm[2]

The Gelderlander is a Dutch breed of warmblood horse. It was bred in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands as a carriage horse capable also of farm work. It declined in popularity in the mid-twentieth century. In 1965 it was one of the foundation breeds of the Dutch Warmblood or KWPN, the other being the heavier Groninger horse from the north.[3]: 462 [4] It is registered in a division of the Royal Dutch Warmblood Horse Studbook, which also has divisions for the Dutch Warmblood and for the Dutch Harness Horse.[3]: 462 

It is an endangered breed;[1]: 83 [5]: 168  in 2017 the breeding population numbered 600 mares and 35 stallions.[2]

History[edit]

1898 lithograph of a Gelderlander with the traditional white bridle without a cavesson.

The Gelderlander was bred from the late nineteenth century in the province of Gelderland in the Netherlands as a carriage horse capable also of farm work, and with some capability as a heavy riding horse.[6]: 125  Local mares were cross-bred with imported stallions of a wide range of breeds and types, among them Alt-Oldenburger and Ostfriesen, Anglo-Arab, Arab, Cleveland Bay, English half-bred, Furioso, Hackney, Nonius, Norfolk Roadster, Orlov and Orlov-Rostopchin.[6]: 125 

In 1969 the Vereniging tot bevordering van de Landbouwtuigpaardenfokkerij in Nederland [Association for the Promotion of Agricultural Harness Horse Breeding], which registered the Gelderlander, was merged with the Nederlands Warmbloed Paard studbook, which registered the Groninger, to form the Koninklijk Warmbloed Paardenstamboek Nederland or "Royal Warmblood Horse Studbook of the Netherlands".[7]: 159  Three breed types were registered in the stud-book: riding horses (the Dutch Warmblood); harness horses (the Dutch Harness Horse); and the Gelderlander.[8]

Gelderlanders are primarily chestnut or bay, but are often strikingly marked. This is a pair of chestnut tobiano (skewbald) Gelderlanders

Characteristics[edit]

The Gelderlander is most often chestnut, often with extensive white markings.[7]: 159  Males usually stand about 168 cm at the withers, mares a few centimetres less.[2]

Uses[edit]

Gelderlanders are well-suited to combined driving.

The Gelderland is much used in competitive carriage driving; it jumps well and reliably but is not fast.[7]: 159 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Barbara Rischkowsky, Dafydd Pilling (editors) (2007). List of breeds documented in the Global Databank for Animal Genetic Resources, annex to The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Archived 23 June 2020.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Breed data sheet: Gelders Paard / Netherlands (Horse). Domestic Animal Diversity Information System of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Accessed September 2021.
  3. ^ a b Valerie Porter, Lawrence Alderson, Stephen J.G. Hall, D. Phillip Sponenberg (2016). Mason's World Encyclopedia of Livestock Breeds and Breeding (sixth edition). Wallingford: CABI. ISBN 9781780647944.
  4. ^ S.J. Hiemstra (editor) (2002). National Report on Animal Genetic Resources, the Netherlands. The Hague: Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Management and Fisheries. Archived 9 September 2021. Annex to: Barbara Rischkowsky, Dafydd Pilling (editors) (2007). The State of the World's Animal Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Rome: Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. ISBN 9789251057629. Archived 10 January 2017.
  5. ^ Élise Rousseau, Yann Le Bris, Teresa Lavender Fagan (2017). Horses of the World. Princeton: Princeton University Press. ISBN 9780691167206.
  6. ^ a b Elwyn Hartley Edwards (1994). The Encyclopedia of the Horse. London; New York; Stuttgart; Moscow: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0751301159.
  7. ^ a b c Elwyn Hartley Edwards (2016). The Horse Encyclopedia. New York, New York: DK Publishing. ISBN 9781465451439.
  8. ^ Historie (in Dutch). Koninklijk Warmbloed Paardenstamboek Nederland. Accessed October 2021.

Further reading[edit]