George Anson (British Army officer, born 1769)
|Sir George Anson|
Sir George Anson
|Died||4 November 1849 (aged 80)|
|Battles/wars||French Revolutionary Wars
|Awards||Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath|
General Sir George Anson, GCB (1769 – 4 November 1849), was a British officer and politician from the Anson family. He commanded a British cavalry brigade under the Duke of Wellington during the Peninsular War and sat for many years as a Whig Member of Parliament.
Anson was the second son of George Anson (previously Adams) and his wife The Hon. Mary Vernon, daughter of the first Lord Vernon. He had an elder brother Thomas Anson, 1st Viscount Anson and a younger brother Sir William Anson, 1st Baronet; another younger brother was Frederick Anson, who became Dean of Chester.
He was the uncle of Thomas's sons: Thomas Anson, 1st Earl of Lichfield and George Anson (who later became the Commander-in-Chief, India. He was also uncle of Frederick's son: George Edward Anson, Keeper of the Privy Purse, who died a few days before him in 1849. Also, Admiral George Anson, 1st Baron Anson was his great-uncle. (See Earl of Lichfield for more information on the Anson family).
The Peninsular Wars and gaining of reputation
He entered the British Army in 1786 and served under the Duke of York and Sir Ralph Abercromby in Holland. It was to be in the Peninsular War where his reputation grew markedly. He served in all the campaigns between 1809 and 1813 and gained distinction in his command of the 16th Light Dragoons at the Second Battle of Porto. His reputation was further enhanced by his command of a brigade of light cavalry at the Battles of Talavera, Busaco, Salamanca and Vittoria. He also fought in the Battle of Venta del Pozo during the retreat from Burgos. For his services in the Battles of Talavera, Salamanca and Vittoria he received a medal and two clasps. So prominent was he during these campaigns that the House of Commons thanked him in November 1816 for his services generally during the Peninsular Wars.
In August 1814 he was appointed to the colonelcy of the 23rd Regiment of (Light) Dragoons and in February 1827 to the colonelcy of the 4th Dragoon Guards. He was promoted to the rank of full General on 10 January 1837.
Aside from his military career he also sat as Member of Parliament for Lichfield from 1806 to 1841. He was also the Groom of the Bedchamber to Prince Albert from 1836 to September 1841. In 1846 he was appointed the lieutenant-governor of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea and became governor in May 1849.
Marriage and descendants
Anson married Frances, daughter of John William Hamilton, in 1800. She was also the sister of Sir Frederick Hamilton. They had six sons and five daughters. Their son Talavera Vernon Anson became an Admiral in the Royal Navy. Another son Thomas Anson was a first class cricketer. Lady Anson died in 1834. Anson survived her by fifteen years and died at the Royal Hospital, Chelsea in November 1849. In Who Do You Think You Are? transmitted on the BBC on 18 October 2007, it was discovered that Sir Matthew Pinsent, the multiple gold medal Olympic rower, is a direct descendant of Sir George Anson.
- The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History and Politics of the Year – 1849, page 283, (Published 1850, J.G. & F. Rivington)
- The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History and Politics of the Year – 1849, page 284, (Published 1850, J.G. & F. Rivington)
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by George Anson
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Sir John Wrottesley
|Member of Parliament for Lichfield
With: Sir John Wrottesley 1806
George Granville Venables-Vernon 1806–1831
Sir Edward Scott 1831–1837
Lord Alfred Paget 1837–1841
Lord Alfred Paget
Sir Henry Fane
|Colonel of the 4th Royal Irish Dragoon Guards
Sir Edward Paget
|Governor, Royal Hospital Chelsea
Sir Colin Halkett