Lichfield (UK Parliament constituency)

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Lichfield
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Lichfield in Staffordshire.
Outline map
Location of Staffordshire within England.
County Staffordshire
Electorate 73,085 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1997
Member of parliament Michael Fabricant (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Mid Staffordshire, Cannock & Burntwood, South East Staffordshire and Burton[2]
18851950
Number of members One
Type of constituency County constituency
1305–1885
Number of members Two until 1868, then One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Lichfield is a constituency[n 1] in Staffordshire represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since its 1997 recreation by Michael Fabricant, a Conservative.[n 2]

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The Municipal Boroughs of Lichfield and Tamworth, the Urban Districts of Perry Bar and Rugeley, the Rural District of Lichfield, and parts of the Rural Districts of Tamworth and Walsall.

1997-2010: The District of Lichfield wards of All Saints, Alrewas, Armitage with Handsacre, Boney Hay, Central, Chadsmead, Chase Terrace, Chasetown, Colton and Ridwares, Curborough, Hammerwich, Highfield, King’s Bromley, Leomansley, Longdon, Redslade, St John's, Stowe, Summerfield, and Whittington, and the Borough of East Staffordshire wards of Bagots and Yoxall.

2010-present: The District of Lichfield wards of All Saints, Alrewas and Fradley, Armitage with Handsacre, Boley Park, Boney Hay, Burntwood Central, Chadsmead, Chase Terrace, Chasetown, Colton and Mavesyn Ridware, Curborough, Hammerwich, Highfield, King’s Bromley, Leomansley, Longdon, St John’s, Stowe, Summerfield, and Whittington, and the Borough of East Staffordshire wards of Bagots, Needwood, and Yoxall.

The constituency includes the northern and central parts of the Lichfield local government district, including the cathedral city of Lichfield itself, Burntwood, and also the south-western portion of East Staffordshire district, including Yoxall, Barton-under-Needwood, and Abbots Bromley.

History[edit]

The city was represented at most parliaments between 1305 (10 years after the Model Parliament)[clarification needed], in 1327 and again in 1353, but it then ceased to be represented until the mid 16th century, from when it sent two burgesses as members to Parliament until 1664, when representation was temporarily reduced to one member during The Protectorate (ended 1680)[citation needed], and again in 1868, when representation was permanently reduced to one. The constituency was abolished in 1950 but reconstituted, still as a single-member constituency, in 1997.

Constituency profile[edit]

This area has very little dependence on social housing and has low unemployment compared to other areas.[3] In 2010 Michael Fabricant obtained the 52nd highest Conservative share of the vote, out of 650 seats.[4] In 2010 The Guardian described the constituency as a "pleasant cathedral city on border of West Midlands and the Potteries."[5]

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1305–1660[edit]

Parliament First member Second member
1313 William of Lichfield
1320 William the Taverner
1326/7 Stephen le Blount
1529 William Paget, 1st Baron Paget
1547 William Layton, died
and replaced by Jan 1552 by
Alexander Walker
Edmund Twyneho[6]
1553 (Mar) Mark Wyrley William Fitzherbert[6]
1553 (Oct) Sir Philip Draycott John Giffard[6]
1554 (Apr) Henry Vernon John Taylor[6]
1554 (Nov) Mark Wyrley Thomas Edwards[6]
1555 Thomas Edwards Francis Bulstrode[6]
1558 Robert Weston Richard Cupper[6]
1559 (Jan) Sir Henry Paget Robert Weston[7]
1562/3 Sir Henry Paget Michael Pulteney[7]
1571 Edward Fitzgerald William Timperley[7]
1572 Edward Fitzgerald Arthur Bedell[7]
1584 (Nov) Richard Browne James Weston[7]
1586 (Sep) Richard Broughton John Goodman[7]
1588 (Oct) Richard Broughton Richard Huddleston[7]
1593 Sir John Wingfield Richard Broughton[7]
1597 (Oct) Joseph Oldsworth William Fowkes[7]
1601 Anthony Dyott Robert Browne[7]
1604 Anthony Dyott Thomas Crewe
1614 Sir John Egerton, died
and replaced by
Anthony Dyott
William Wingfield
1621 William Wingfield Richard Weston
1624 Sir Simon Weston Sir John Suckling, sat for Middlesex
and replaced by
William Wingfield
1625 Richard Dyott William Wingfield
1626 Richard Dyott William Wingfield
1628 Sir Richard Dyott Sir William Walter
1629–1640 No Parliaments convened
1640 (Apr) Sir Walter Devereux Sir Richard Dyott
1640 (Nov) Sir Walter Devereux died 1641
and replaced by
Sir Richard Cave, Royalist
disabled 1642
[8]
Michael Noble
1645 Michael Noble Michael Biddulph of Elmhurst
1648 Michael Noble, died 1649 one member only
1653 Lichfield not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 Thomas Minors one member only
1656 Thomas Minors one member only
1659 Daniel Watson of Burton upon Trent[mpnotes 1] Thomas Minors

MPs 1660–1868[edit]

Election First member[9] First party Second member[9] Second party
1660 Apr Michael Biddulph Daniel Watson
1660 May Thomas Minors
1661 John Lane Sir Theophilus Biddulph, Bt
1667 Richard Dyott
1678 Sir Henry Lyttelton, Bt
1679 Feb Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1679 Aug Daniel Finch
later 2nd Earl of Nottingham
1685 Thomas Orme Richard Leveson
1689 Robert Burdett Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1690 Richard Dyott
1695 Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1698 Richard Dyott
1701 Jan William Walmisley
1701 Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1705 Sir Henry Gough Tory
1708 John Cotes Sir Michael Biddulph, Bt
1710 Richard Dyott
1715 Walter Chetwynd Samuel Hill
1718 Apr William Sneyd
1718 Dec Walter Chetwynd
1722 Richard Plumer
1731 by-election [mpnotes 2] George Venables-Vernon
later Baron Vernon
1734 Rowland Hill
1741 Sir Lister Holte, Bt
1747 Richard Leveson-Gower Thomas Anson
1753 Nov by-election [mpnotes 3] Sir Thomas Gresley, Bt [mpnotes 4]
1754 Jan [mpnotes 4] Henry Vernon
1754 Apr Viscount Trentham
later Marquess of Stafford
1755 by-election [mpnotes 5] Henry Vernon
1761 John Levett [mpnotes 6]
Feb 1762 [mpnotes 6] Hugo Meynell
1768 Thomas Gilbert Whig
1770 by-election [mpnotes 7] George Adams then Anson
1789 by-election [mpnotes 8] Thomas Anson
later Viscount Anson
Whig
1795 by-election [mpnotes 9] Lord Granville Leveson-Gower
later Earl Granville
Whig
1799 by-election Sir John Wrottesley, Bt Whig
1806 Feb by-election [mpnotes 10] Sir George Anson Whig
1806 Nov George Granville Venables Vernon Whig
1831 Sir Edward Scott, Bt Whig
1837 Lord Alfred Henry Paget Whig
1841 by-election Lord Leveson
later Earl Granville
Whig
1846 by-election Edward Lloyd-Mostyn
later Baron Mostyn
Whig
1847 Viscount Anson
later 2nd Earl of Lichfield
Whig
1854 by-election The Lord Waterpark Whig
1856 by-election Viscount Sandon
later Earl of Harrowby
Whig
1859 Liberal Augustus Anson Liberal
1865 Richard Dyott Conservative
1868 representation reduced to one member

MPs 1868–1950[edit]

Election Member[9] Party
1868 Richard Dyott continuing Conservative
1880 by-election Theophilus John Levett Conservative
1885 Parliamentary borough abolished

Lichfield division of Staffordshire[edit]

MPs 1885–1950[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Sir John Swinburne Liberal
1892 Leonard Darwin Liberal Unionist
1895 Henry Charles Fulford Liberal
1896 by-election Sir Courtenay Warner Liberal
1919 Coalition Liberal
1922 National Liberal
1923 Frank Hodges Labour
1924 Roderick Roy Wilson Conservative
1929 James Alexander Lovat-Fraser Labour
1931 National Labour
1938 Cecil Charles Poole Labour
1950 constituency abolished

Lichfield county constituency[edit]

MPs since 1997[edit]

Election Member Party
1997 Michael Fabricant[n 3] Conservative

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ [http||//www.british–history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42347 Lichfield|| Parliamentary representation', A History of the County of Stafford|| Volume 14|| Lichfield (1990), pp. 92–95. Date accessed|| 11 September 2008]
  2. ^ The by-election in 1731 was caused by the appointment of Walter Chetwynd as Governor of Barbados
  3. ^ The by-election in November 1753 was caused by the death of Richard Leveson-Gower
  4. ^ a b Sir Thomas Gresley's victory at the by-election in November 1753 was overturned on petition on 29 Jan 1754 in favour of Henry Vernon
  5. ^ The by-election in 1755 was caused when Viscount Trentham succeeded to the peerage as Earl Gower
  6. ^ a b At the general election in 1761, Thomas Anson (MP) and John Levett were declared elected. However, a petition was lodged, and Levett's election was overturned on 1 February 1762 in favour of Hugo Meynell
  7. ^ The by-election in 1770 was caused by the resignation of Thomas Anson
  8. ^ The by-election in 1789 was caused by the death of George Anson
  9. ^ The by-election in 1795 was caused by the resignation of Thomas Gilbert
  10. ^ The by-election in February 1806 was caused by the elevation to the peerage of Thomas Anson. Source:The London Gazette: no. 15896. pp. 296–297. 4 March 1806. Retrieved 12 February 2011.

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2015: Lichfield[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 28,389 55.2 +0.8
Labour Chris Worsey 10,200 19.8 0.0
UKIP John Rackham 8,082 15.7 +10.0
Liberal Democrat Paul Ray 2,700 5.6 -14.9
Green Robert Pass 1,976 3.8 +3.8
Class War Andy Bennetts 120 0.2 +0.2
Majority 18,189 35.3 +2.7
Turnout 51,467 69.3[11] -1.7
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 2010: Lichfield[12][13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 28,048 54.4 +5.7
Liberal Democrat Ian Jackson 10,365 20.1 +4.2
Labour Steve Hyden 10,230 19.8 -12.4
UKIP Karen Maunder 2,920 5.7 +2.4
Majority 17,683 34.3 +18.1
Turnout 51,563 71.0 +4.32
Conservative hold Swing +0.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Lichfield[15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 21,274 48.6 -0.5
Labour Nigel Gardner 14,194 32.4 -6.1
Liberal Democrat Ian Jackson 6,804 15.6 +4.9
UKIP Malcolm McKenzie 1,472 3.4 +1.8
Majority 7,080 16.2 +5.6
Turnout 43,744 66.7 +0.8
Conservative hold Swing +2.8
General Election 2001: Lichfield[17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 20,480 49.1 +6.2
Labour Martin Machray 16,054 38.5 -3.9
Liberal Democrat Phil Bennion 4,462 10.7 -0.6
UKIP John Phazey 684 1.6 N/A
Majority 4,426 10.6 +10.1
Turnout 41,680 65.9 -11.5
Conservative hold Swing +5.05

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Lichfield[19][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Michael Fabricant 20,853 42.9 N/A
Labour Susan Woodward 20,615 42.4 N/A
Liberal Democrat Phil Bennion 5,473 11.3 N/A
Referendum George Seward 1,652 3.4 N/A
Majority 238 0.5 N/A
Turnout 48,593 77.5 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Lichfield[20]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Cecil Charles Poole 42,806 55.18 +1.40
National George Beresford Craddock 26,235 33.82 N/A
Liberal Richard Lamb 8,533 11.00 N/A
Majority 16,571 21.36 N/A
Turnout 77,574 71.52 +7.35
Labour gain from National Labour Swing -16.21

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

1938 by-election: Lichfield
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Cecil Charles Poole 23,856 51.18 +4.96
National Labour George Beresford Craddock 22,760 48.82 -4.96
Majority 1096 2.36 N/A
Turnout 46,616 68.49 +3.68
Labour gain from National Labour Swing +4.96
General Election 1935: Lichfield[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Labour James Alexander Lovat-Fraser 23,489 53.78 -9.03
Labour GH Jones 20,191 46.22 +9.03
Majority 3,298 7.55 -18.07
Turnout 43,680 64.17 -9.56
National Labour hold Swing +9.03
General Election 1931: Lichfield[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Labour James Alexander Lovat-Fraser 26,669 62.81 N/A
Labour GH Jones 15,790 37.19 -5.41
Majority 10,879 25.62 N/A
Turnout 42,459 73.73
National Labour gain from Labour Swing +34.11

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Lichfield [23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour James Alexander Lovat-Fraser 14,965 42.6
Unionist S Samuel 11,511 32.8
Liberal Etienne Bruno de Hamel 8,643 24.6
Majority 3,454 9.8
Turnout
Labour gain from Unionist Swing
General Election 1923: Lichfield [24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Frank Hodges 11,029 48.5
Unionist Roderick Roy Wilson 9,040 39.7
Liberal Thomas Evans Morris 2,683 11.8
Majority 2,019 8.8 15.2
Turnout 69.7
Labour gain from National Liberal Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

H.C. Fulford
General Election 1895: Lichfield [25][26][27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Charles Fulford 3,902 50.3 +0.4
Liberal Unionist Leonard Darwin 3,858 49.7 -0.4
Majority 44 0.6 0.8
Turnout 85.1 +3.7
Liberal gain from Liberal Unionist Swing +0.4
  • Fulford's election was voided on petition on 19 December 1895 and a by-election ensued.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
    Before 1885 Lichfield was a parliamentary borough as an original a borough constituency.
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ Previously MP for Mid Staffordshire (1992-1997), which included the city of Lichfield (in addition to Rugeley and Stone)
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ "'Lichfield', May 1997 -". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 17 May 2016. 
  3. ^ 2001 Census
  4. ^ General Election Results from the Electoral Commission
  5. ^ Guardian constituency profiles
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". Retrieved 2011-10-09. 
  8. ^ Cave was a royalist chosen by Prince Rupert and removed by resolution of the House of Commons
  9. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  10. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  11. ^ http://www.lichfielddc.gov.uk/elections2015
  12. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  13. ^ "UK General Election results May 2010". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  14. ^ BBC 2010 General Election Site
  15. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  16. ^ "UK General Election results May 2005". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  17. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  18. ^ a b "UK General Election results May 1997 and June 2001". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  19. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015. 
  20. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results July 1945". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  21. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results November 1935". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  22. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results October 1931". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 30 March 2016. 
  23. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  24. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  25. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  26. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  27. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901

Sources[edit]