George Bennett (naturalist)

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Portrait of Dr George Bennett

George Bennett M.D., F.R.C.S., F.L.S., F.Z.S.,[1] (31 January 1804 – 29 September 1893) was an English-born Australian physician and naturalist, winner of the Clarke Medal in 1890.

Early life[edit]

Bennett was born at Plymouth, England. On leaving school at 15 years of age he visited Ceylon and on his return studied for the medical profession, initially at Plymouth, later at the Middlesex Hospital and the Hunterian School of Medicine.[2] He obtained the degree of M.R.C.S. on 7 March 1828, and later became F.R.C.S.[3]

Career[edit]

After qualifying as a physician Bennett obtained employment as a ship's surgeon, and visited Sydney, New South Wales, in 1829. ln 1832 his friend Richard Owen was engaged in examining the structure and relations of the mammary glands of the Ornithorhyncus, and Bennett became so interested that on leaving England shortly afterwards for Australia he determined while in that country to find a solution of the question.[3]

In May 1832 Bennett left Plymouth on a voyage which terminated almost exactly two years later. An account of this appeared in 1834 in two volumes under the title Wanderings in New South Wales, Batavia, Pedir Coast, Singapore and China. In 1835 Bennett published in the Transactions of the Zoological Society of London, vol. I, pp. 229–58, "Notes on the Natural History and Habits of the Ornithorhyncus paradoxus, Blum", one of the earliest papers of importance written on the platypus.[3]

In 1833, Bennett lent support in absentia to the founding of what became the Royal Entomological Society of London. Bennett was awarded the honorary gold medal of the Royal College of Surgeons in recognition of his contributions to zoological science.[2] Bennett went to Australia again in 1836 and established a successful practice as a physician at Sydney. However he kept up his general interest in science, and acted as honorary secretary of the Australian Museum which had just been established. He compiled A Catalogue of the Specimens of Natural History and Miscellaneous Curiosities deposited in the Australian Museum which was published in 1837. In 1860 he brought out his Gatherings of a Naturalist in Australasia. He kept up a correspondence with his early friend Sir Richard Owen, to whom he had sent the first specimens of the Nautilus to arrive in England, and with Darwin and other scientists of the time. He was much interested in the Sydney Botanic Gardens and the Acclimatization Society, and was a vice-president of the Zoological Society, and a member of the board of the Australian Museum.[3]

George Bennett in late life

Bennett also contributed papers to The Lancet, the Medical Gazette, the Journal of Botany, Loudon's Magazine of Natural History, and other journals. The variety of his interests may be suggested by the fact that he published in 1871 papers on "A Trip to Queensland in Search of Fossils" and on "The Introduction, Cultivation and Economic Uses of the Orange and Others of the Citron Tribe".[3]

Late life and legacy[edit]

Bennett was 84 years of age when he contributed the chapter on "Mammals" to the Handbook of Sydney, prepared for the Sydney meeting of the Australasian Association for the Advancement of Science held in 1888. The Royal Society of New South Wales awarded Bennett the Clarke memorial medal in 1890 for his valuable contributions to the natural history of Australia. Bennett died in Sydney on 29 September 1893.[2][3]

Bennett is commemorated in the scientific names of the dwarf cassowary (Casuarius bennettii ), Bennett's tree-kangaroo (Dendrolagus bennettianus), Bennett's two-pored dragon (Diporiphora bennettii ), and Bennett's water snake (Myrrophis bennetti ).[4]

Family[edit]

Bennett married three times: on 28 November 1835 to Julian Ludovina Cameron (c. 1820 – 15 June 1846), daughter of Charles Cameron and step-daughter of John Finnis. She took her own life by taking prussic acid.[5] They had two sons and three daughters.[2] He married Charlotte James Elliott (c. 1817 – 20 February 1853) on 10 December 1846; they had one son. He married Sarah Jane Adcock on 4 January 1854; their two children died as infants.

Works authored[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mennell, Philip (1892). "Wikisource link to Bennett, George". The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co. Wikisource 
  2. ^ a b c d A. H. Chisholm (1966). "Bennett, George (1804 - 1893)". Australian Dictionary of Biography, Volume 1. Melbourne University Press. pp. 85–86. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Serle, Percival (1949). "Bailey, George Bennett". Dictionary of Australian Biography. Sydney: Angus and Robertson. Retrieved 13 October 2012. 
  4. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. ("Bennett, G.", p. 23).
  5. ^ "Melancholy Suicide". The Sydney Morning Herald. National Library of Australia. 16 June 1846. p. 2. Retrieved 20 November 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Review of Wanderings in New South Wales, Batavia, Pedir Coast, Singapore, and China; being the Journal of a Naturalist during 1832, 1833, and 1834 by George Bennett". The Quarterly Review. 53: 1–19. February 1835. 

External links[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
Robert L. J. Ellery
Clarke Medal
1890
Succeeded by
Frederick Wollaston Hutton