George Bulman (pilot)

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George Bulman
Birth name Paul Ward Spencer Bulman
Born (1896-04-08)8 April 1896
Luton, Bedfordshire, England
Died 6 May 1963(1963-05-06) (aged 67)
Surrey, England
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Royal Air Force
Years of service 1915–1925
1941–1942
Rank Group captain
Unit Honourable Artillery Company
Royal Flying Corps
Royal Aircraft Establishment
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Awards Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Military Cross
Air Force Cross & Two Bars
Other work Test pilot and company director

Group Captain Paul Ward Spencer Bulman, CBE, MC, AFC & Two Bars, FRAeS (8 April 1896 – 6 May 1963), universally known as George Bulman,[a] was a pilot whose flying life spanned thirty years (1915–1945).

Early years[edit]

Bulman was born in Luton in 1896, the son of the Reverend Canon Thomas Bulman, a Church of England clergyman,[2] and his wife Eveline.[3] He was educated at Bedford School[4] and then joined the Bank of England.[4]

First World War[edit]

He transferred from the Honourable Artillery Company to the Royal Flying Corps (later Royal Air Force) early in the First World War, serving in No. 46 Squadron RFC and No. 3 Squadron RFC.[4]

He was awarded the Military Cross on 4 February 1918[5] for his services flying Sopwith Camels at the Battle of Courtrai,[4] with the following citation:[6]

For conspicuous gallantry and devotion to duty. On five occasions; in most difficult weather conditions, he dropped bombs and fired on enemy infantry from a low altitude, inflicting heavy casualties. During these flights he frequently obtained valuable information, and twice drove off enemy machines which attempted to interfere. He showed the greatest initiative and resource.

He was appointed a flight commander on 24 February 1918 with the temporary rank of captain, although his substantive rank was still second lieutenant.[7] Later that year, he was awarded the Air Force Cross (AFC).

Between the wars[edit]

Appointed to a permanent RAF commission, he served as a test pilot on the Sopwith Snipe and the S.E.5a,[4] and then served at the Royal Aircraft Establishment, Farnborough, from 1919 to 1925. On 12 July 1920, he was awarded a bar to his Air Force Cross for his services as a test pilot.[8] He then held the rank of flying officer. He also undertook testing work for Blackburn and was one of the few pilots to fly the prototype Brennan helicopter in 1922.[4] As a flight lieutenant, he was awarded a second bar to his Air Force Cross in the 1922 Birthday Honours.[9] In 1924, he won the Grove Prize for aeronautical research.

On 19 August 1925, he resigned his permanent commission[10] and transferred to the reserve as a flight lieutenant[11] to become the chief test pilot at H. G. Hawker Engineering (later Hawker Aircraft) from 1925 to 1945 and became a director of the company in 1935. He became a close colleague of the company's chief designer, Sir Sydney Camm. He won several air races in the mid-1920s flying the Hawker Cygnet.

He made the first flight for the Hawker Danecock (1925), Hawker Heron (1925), Hawker Horsley (1925), Hawker Hart (1928), Hawker Tomtit (1928), Hawker F.20/27 (1928), Hawker Demon (1933), Hawker Hurricane (1935), and Hawker Hector (1936), and also tested many other types.

Second World War[edit]

During the Second World War, from 1941 to 1942, he was head of the Aircraft Testing Branch of the British Air Commission in Washington, D.C. and was granted an honorary RAF commission as a group captain on 9 May 1941,[12] relinquishing it on 23 August 1942.[13] For this work, he was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 1943 New Year Honours.[14]

Post-war[edit]

He retired from Hawker in 1945 and never flew again, running his own business which had no relevance to aircraft.[4] He finally resigned his RAF reserve commission on 10 February 1954.[15]

Family[edit]

He married Constance Dorothy Wiseman in 1920.[2] Their only child, Flying Officer Raymond Paul Bulman, was killed in action over Germany in 1945, aged 21, flying with No. 605 Squadron RAF.[16]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ This arose because Bulman had a poor memory for names, and so tended to call everybody George. When friends and colleagues called Bulman "George" in response, the nickname stuck.[1]
  1. ^ Prins Aeroplane March 2013, p. 18.
  2. ^ a b Biography, Who Was Who
  3. ^ 1901 Census of Luton, RG 13/1515, Folio 14, Page 19, Peter W.S. Bulman, 8 Union Street, Luton, Bedfordshire.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Obituary, The Times, 7 May 1963
  5. ^ "No. 30507". The London Gazette (Supplement). 4 February 1918. p. 1602. 
  6. ^ "No. 30780". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 July. p. 7899.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  7. ^ "No. 30589". The London Gazette (Supplement). 19 March 1918. p. 3572. 
  8. ^ "No. 31974". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 July 1920. p. 7422. 
  9. ^ "No. 32716". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 June 1922. p. 4325. 
  10. ^ "No. 33076". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 August 1925. p. 5499. 
  11. ^ "No. 33076". The London Gazette. 18 August 1925. p. 5500. 
  12. ^ "No. 35176". The London Gazette. 30 May 1941. p. 3105. 
  13. ^ "No. 35712". The London Gazette (Supplement). 18 September 1942. p. 4118. 
  14. ^ "No. 35841". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1942. p. 15. 
  15. ^ "No. 40375". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1954. p. 90. 
  16. ^ Casualty details—Bulman, Raymond Paul, Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved on 29 December 2009.

References[edit]