George Chisholm (geographer)

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Dr George Goudie Chisholm FRSE FRSGS LLD (1850–1930) was a British geographer. He authored the first English-language textbook on economic geography: Handbook on Commercial Geography (1889). It was later revised by Kenneth Stamp. (ISBN 0-582-30015-0). He authored a review of Friedrich Naumann's Pan-German work on Central Europe which appeared in The Scottish Geographical Magazine issue 33, which condemned the aggressively militaristic overtones of Naumann's nationalistic work. His World Gazetteer of 1895, a huge project, later became commonly known as The Times Gazetteer.[1]


He was born in Edinburgh on 1 May 1850, the son of an actuary.[2] He was educated at the High School in Edinburgh, and then Edinburgh University, graduating in 1870.[3]

He lectured on Geography in London from 1883 to 1908 and then returned to Edinburgh University where he lectured until 1923.

He served as Secretary to the Scottish Geographical Society for 15 years.

He was awarded an honorary doctorate (LLD) by the university in 1923 and elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1924.

He died quietly on a tram in Edinburgh, aged 79, whilst returning from church on Sunday 9 February 1930.[2]


  • The Two Hemispheres: A Popular Account of Peoples and Countries of the World (1882)
  • A Pronouncing Vocabulary of Modern Geographical Names (1885)
  • Handbook of Commercial Geography (1889)+ (1908)
  • Longman's School Geography for South Africa (1891)
  • Gazetteer of the World (1895) published by Longman
  • Europe (2 vols) (1899)
  • Junior School Geography
  • Longman's School Geography for India and Ceylon
  • The World As It Is: A Popular Account of Peoples and Countries of the Earth
  • A Smaller Commercial Geography
  • Longman's School Geography for Australasia


He married Florence Jones in 1884.


In 1917, he was awarded the Charles P. Daly Medal of the American Geographical Society.


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