George F. Pelham

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The entrance to 112 East 17th Street (1890-91), built as the Fanwood Hotel, between Union Square East and Irving Place in the Union Square neighborhood of Manhattan
34-42 West 96th Street (1897), five townhouses in Renaissance Revival stye between Central Park West and Columbus Avenue in the Upper West Side neighborhood of Manhattan
Window treatment on the Hotel Bedford (1928-29), 1888 East 40th Street between Park and Lexington Avenues in the Murray Hill neighborhood of Manhattan
A balcony at 81 Irving Place (1930) at the corner of East 19th Street in Gramercy Park neighborhood of Manhattan

George Frederick Pelham (1867[1] – February 7, 1937) was an American architect and the son of George Brown Pelham, who was also an architect.[2]

Life and career[edit]

Pelham was born in Ottawa, Ontario, coming to New York City when his father opened an architectural office there in 1875. The elder Pelham designed for the city's Department of Public Parks, and employed his son as a draftsman in his firm. After being privately tutored in architecture, the younger Pelham opened his own office in 1890, specializing in apartment houses and hotels, row houses, and commercial buildings and utilizing the Renaissance Revival, Gothic Revival and Colonial Revival styles. His work is particularly represented on the Upper West Side of Manhattan. He designed buildings for 43 years;[3] his final building was the Central Hanover Bank and Trust Company Building.

Pelham was the architect of the Chalfonte Hotel at 200 West 70th Street in Manhattan. Built in 1927, it was later converted to rental apartments and is still standing today.[4]

In 1905, he designed the Riverdale apartment building at 67 Riverside Drive for developer John Louis Miller. It opened on October 31, 1907. In 1905 he also designed a new synagogue building for Brooklyn's Beth Jacob Anshe Sholom, based on Arnold Brunner's West Side Synagogue building on Manhattan's West 88th Street.[5] The synagogue is no longer extant.

For many years the office was at 200 West 72nd Street, originally built as a clubhouse for the "Colonial Club of New-York." Pelham, like Rosario Candela, chose that address because a number of developers had their offices there, including Paterno & Son and Anthony Campagna.[6] Pelham's son George Fred Pelham, Jr. joined the firm in 1910[3] and continued the family tradition; he was the architect of a number of New York City buildings, such as Castle Village and 411 West End Avenue.

Works[edit]

Building Name Floors Year
St. James House (501 West 113th Street) 20 1931
121 East 31st Street 12 1931
1120 Park Avenue 19 1930
47 East 88th Street 16 1930
Atlantic Bank of New York (960 Sixth Avenue) 16 1930
81 Irving Place 14 1930[7]
98 Riverside Drive 17 1929
50 West 96th Street 15 1929
944 Park Avenue 15 1929
400 East 58th Street 16 1929[8]
14 East 90th Street 12 1929[8]
Bedford Hotel (118 East 40th Street) 17 1928-29
Belvoir Apartments (470 West End Avenue) 16 1928
245 Fifth Avenue 26 1927
33 Riverside Drive 17 1927
585 West End Avenue 17 1927
115 East 86th Street 16 1927
310 West 106th Street 16 1927
The Broadmoor (235 West 102nd Street) 16 1927
The Marbro (171 West 79th Street) 16 1927[8]
175 West 79th Street 16 1927[8]
21 East 90th Street 16 1927[8]
315 East 84th Street 6 1905
Beekman Apartments (30 Beekman Place) 15 1927
Chalfonte Hotel (200 West 70th Street) 15 1927
263 West 38th Street 17 1926
1225 Park Avenue 16 1926
243-253 East 78th Street 6 1905
20 West 77th Street 16 1926
Park Royal Hotel (23 West 73rd Street) 16 1926
164 West 79th Street 15 1926
Hotel Milburn (242 West 76th Street) 15 1926
The Olcott (27 West 72nd Street) 16 1925
10 West 86th Street 15 1925
1136 5th Avenue 15 1925
910 West End Avenue 15 1925
Surrey Apartments (215 West 83rd Street) 15 1925
1160 Park Avenue 14 1925
964 Madison Avenue 5 1925[9]
Hudson View Gardens (116 Pinehurst Avenue) 6 1924-25[10]
Hotel Plaza Athénée (37 East 64th Street) 16 1924
The Florence (545 West End Avenue) 16 1924
314 West 77th Street 9 1924
140 West 86th Street 15 1924
161 West 54th Street 15 1924
290 Riverside Drive 15 1924
Bradford Hotel (210 West 70th Street) 15 1924
Butler Hall (400 West 119th Street) 15 1924
The Gatsby (65 East 96th Street) 15 1924
300 Riverside Drive 14 1924
136 East 36th Street 12 1924
Marboro Apartments (171 West 79th Street) 16 1923
135 East 74th Street 12 1923
Oxford Apartments (205 West 88th Street) 15 1922
29 East 64th Street 12 1922
710 West End Avenue 15 1920
270 West End Avenue 13 1918
533-539 West 150th Street (row houses) 5 1915
Bellguard Apartments (216 West 89th Street) 12 1915
Buchova Apartments 12 1915
385 Edgecombe Avenue 6 1913[11]
36 West 25th Street 16 1912
44 West 28th Street 16 1912
675 West End Avenue 16 1912
Francis Edmund Court (423 West 120th Street) 10 1912
Soundview Court (260 Convent Avenue) 10 1911-12[12]
133 West 21st Street 12 1911
37 West 28th Street 12 1911
72 Madison Avenue 12 1911
137-139 Grand Street 7 1911[13]
The Woodhull (62 Pierrepont Street, Brooklyn) 8 1911[14]
Hadson Hotel (31 West 34th Street) 12 1910[15]
The Cliffden (265 Riverside Drive) 11 1909[16]
15 East 32nd Street 12 1909
Fowler Court (400 Riverside Drive) 12 1909
The Lansdown[17] (352-354 West 46th Street, now the Lyric) 6 1908
The Riverdale (67 Riverside Drive) 9 1907
[Eleanor Thomas] Elliott Hall (49 Claremont Avenue)[18] 6 1906
Kennedy House (47 Claremont Avenue) 6 1906
Concord Hall (468 Riverside Drive) 12 1906-07
17 West 17th Street 11 1907[19]
Woodward Hall (50 East 96th Street) 6 1905
The Fairholm (503 W. 121st Street) 6 1905[20]
Dream Hotel (210 West 55th Street) 13 1904
224-226 Avenue B 6 1904[21]
504-508 East 12th Street 6 1904
Parc 77 (50 West 77th Street) 13 1903
36 West 22nd Street 7 1903[22]
441-461 East 140th Street, The Bronx (tenements) 5 1902-03[23]
34-42 West 96th Street (row houses) 4 1897[24]
616 West 113th Street (row house) 4 + basement 1897
32-36 West 85th Street (row houses) 5 1897[25]
97 Wooster Street 7 1896-97[26]
526 West 114th Street 5 1896
42 Hudson Street 6 1896[27]
16-22 West 68th Street (row houses) 5 1896[28]
347 West Broadway 7 1895-96[29]
495 Broome Street 7 1895-96[30]
397 Washington Street 6 1895-96[31]
303-309 West 103rd Street (row houses) 3 1895-96[32]
93 Crosby Street 6 1894-95[33]
18 North Moore Street 5 1894[34]
The Fanwood (112-114 East 17th Street) 6 1890-91[35]
Sources (unless otherwise noted):[36][37]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Harris and Shockley (1998), p.8
  2. ^ Shockley, Jay. Gansevoort Market Historic District Designation Report part 1, New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (September 9, 2003)
  3. ^ a b Presa (2010), p.177
  4. ^ George Frederick Pelham, Brief Biographies of American Architects: Who Died Between 1897 and 1947, Society of Architectural Historians. Retrieved 3 April 2007.
  5. ^ Kaufman, David. Shul with a Pool: The "synagogue-center" in American Jewish History, Brandeis University Press, University Press of New England, 1999, ISBN 978-0-87451-893-1, pp. 186–187.
  6. ^ [1] See the Building Permits Database put online by the Office for Metropolitan History. Pelham moved to West 72nd Street in 1918 or 1919, from 30 East 42nd Street. Candela worked at 200 West 72nd Street from 1922 to 1928, when he moved to 578 Madison Avenue.
  7. ^ "81 Irving Place" at the Gramercy Neighborhood Associates website
  8. ^ a b c d e York City Geographic Information Service map Accessed:August 23, 2012
  9. ^ White and Willensky (2000), p.412
  10. ^ White and Willensky (2000), p.529
  11. ^ NYCLPC (2009), p.192
  12. ^ NYCLPC (2009), p.189
  13. ^ Presa (2010), p.79
  14. ^ White and Willensky (2000), p.661
  15. ^ "Hadson Hotel" on SkyscraperPages.com
  16. ^ [2]"Upper West Side Building Tendencies," Real Estate Record and Guide (v. 85, no. 2181, January 1, 1910), p. 5.
  17. ^ "Apartment Buildings of the Metropolis". Retrieved 10/12/11.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  18. ^ "Morningside Heights Historic District 3-D Map". NYC Landmark Preservation Commission. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  19. ^ Pearson (1989), p.485
  20. ^ "Apartment Buildings of the Metropolis". Retrieved 03/12/14.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  21. ^ Irma and Paul Milstein Division of United States History, Local History and Genealogy, The New York Public Library. "A Model Tenement House". New York Public Library Digital Collections. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  22. ^ Pearson (1989), p.850
  23. ^ White and Willensky (2000), p.550
  24. ^ Pearson, Marjorie and Urbanelli, Elisa. Upper West Side / Central Park West Historic District Designation Report Volume 3: Building Entries New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (April 24, 1990) p.709
  25. ^ White and Willensky (2000), p.363
  26. ^ Wade, Pearson and Dillon (1973), p.168
  27. ^ Pearson (1991), p.83
  28. ^ White and Willensky (2000), p.358
  29. ^ Wade, Pearson and Dillon (1973), p.153
  30. ^ Wade, Pearson and Dillon (1973), p.64
  31. ^ Bradley, Betsy. Tribeca North Historic District Designation Report New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (December 8, 1992) p.71
  32. ^ White and Willensky (2000), pp.336-337
  33. ^ Presa (2010), p.71
  34. ^ Pearson (1991), p.314
  35. ^ Harris and Shockley (1998), p.38
  36. ^ The History of the Riverdale, 2007, Kelsey & Associates, Inc.
  37. ^ "George F. Pelham" on Phorio.com (addresses of named buildings)

Bibliography

External links[edit]