George Jelinek

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George A. Jelinek, MBBS, M.D.
Born (1954-02-21) February 21, 1954 (age 64)
EducationUniversity of Western Australia, Royal College of Surgeons, Australasian College for Emergency Medicine
Years active1979–present
Medical career
ProfessionProfessor and founder, Neuroepidemiology, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health
InstitutionsFremantle Hospital, Western Australia, St Mary's Hospital, London, The University of Melbourne, Sir Gairdner Hospital, Western Australia, The University of Western Australia
ResearchEmergency medicine, multiple sclerosis, chronic disease

George Jelinek, MBBS, M.D., is professor and founder, Neuroepidemiology Unit, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health.[1][2] This unit expressly evaluates modifiable risk factors that predict the progression of Multiple sclerosis. He has served since 2017 as the Chief Editor for Neuroepidemiology in the journal Frontiers in Neurology, and he was Founding Editor – and is currently the Editor Emeritus – for Emergency Medicine Australasia.[3] Jelinek also has the distinction of being the first Professor of Emergency Medicine in Australasia.[4] Between 1987 and 2018, he published more than 150 peer-reviewed papers, seven book forewords and eight books, and received more than 20 research grants. He is a frequent invited speaker.

In 2012, Jelinek supported the establishment of the Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis charity in the UK,[5] with registration with the Australian Charities and Not-for-profit commission (ACNC) following in December 2014[6] and then not-for-profit 501(c)(3) registration in the United States in 2015.[7]

Biography[edit]

Jelinek received his MBBS at the University of Western Australia in March of 1979, and a Doctor of Medicine in 1995. The focus of his doctoral thesis was Casemix classification of emergency patients.[8] His internship and residency were at Fremantle Hospital. He passed the first part of his Fellowship at the Faculty of Anesthetists, Royal College of Surgeons in 1983, and gained the Fellowship of the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine in 1986. He was appointed as Professor and Chair of Emergency Medicine at Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital in Perth, Western Australia, and Winthrop Professor and Head, Discipline of Emergency Medicine at the University of Western Australia, beginning in 1997; Director of the Emergency Practice Innovation Centre at St. Vincent's Hospital, Melbourne beginning in 2007 and took his position as Professor and Head at the University of Melbourne Neuroepidemiology Unit in 2015.[9]

Jelinek was diagnosed in 1999 with MS, a condition that also afflicted his mother.[10] In 2011, he founded the non-profit Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis organization.[11][12]

He is married to Dr. Sandra Neate, a specialist in emergency medicine with experience in coronial and forensic medicine and medical research. She is one of several trained professionals who run retreats for people with MS through the non-profit.[13]

Research[edit]

Grants[edit]

Grants since 2015 amount to more than AUD 5,000,000 in funding from various anonymous philanthropic donors and competitive funding bodies that support MS research.

Year Purpose
2018 Partial Funding of the Neuroepidemiology Unit at the University of Melbourne School of Population and Global Health until 2028
2015–2017 HOLISM MS Study[14][15]
2015 Establish the Neuroepidemiology Unit at the University of Melbourne School of Population and Global Health

Emergency medicine[edit]

While Vice-President of the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine and a member of the Court of Examiners, Jelinek established the first academic department of emergency medicine in Australia at the University of Western Australia in 1997, ushering emergency medicine into the mainstream of academic medicine in Australia.

He published 50 papers in the specialty and introduced emergency medicine into the undergraduate medical curriculum at the University of Western Australia by the time he left this appointment in 2010.

He was awarded the Medal of the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, its highest honor, for services to emergency medicine in 2003.

Multiple sclerosis[edit]

In 2012, Jelinek began an ongoing study entitled HOLISM (Health Outcomes and Lifestyle In a Sample of people with Multiple sclerosis) that investigated the association of lifestyle with health outcomes in people with MS.[16][17]

The results indicated a strong association between a higher quality diet, more physical activity, non-smoking and other lifestyle factors with better health outcomes in MS, gauged by a better quality of life, fewer relapses and less disability.[18]

Following analysis of the baseline results of the study, as well as 1,000 peer-reviewed scientific publications, he revised his book Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis to be a 7-step evidence-based recovery program that outlined an approach to the preventive medical treatment of MS.[19]

A significant aspect of this is program is dietary,[20][21] and there are several dietary regimens proposed to or used by people with MS. The widely used dietary treatments include “ The Swank Diet”, Jelinek’s “Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis”, “The Wahls Protocol”, and “Ashton Embry’s Best Bet Diet”.[22][23]

The medical community and some organizations that specialize in MS remain unconvinced of the results of these regimens and await higher level evidence before making definitive recommendations. Jelinek asserts that there is little downside to the adoption of such very healthy lifestyle behaviors while he and others continue to pursue a more robust evidence base. Supporters point out that such regimens decrease the likelihood of other chronic illnesses such as heart disease that are known to worsen MS and may assist in treating such debilitating symptoms as fatigue and diminished cognition.[24]

Jelinek’s non-profit organization conducts live-in workshops, seminars and self-help groups for MS patients around the world.[25] Jelinek is active in fundraising for the continuing activities of the Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis charity.[26]

Committees[edit]

St Vincent’s Hospital committees[edit]

  • Chair, Human Research Ethics Committee-A, 2012–2014

Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital committees[edit]

  • Member, Medical and Allied Health Committee of the SCGH Institutional Ethics Committee, 1997–2003
  • Appointments Committee, 1998–2007
  • Research Advisory Committee, 1999–2002

Australasian College for Emergency Medicine committees[edit]

  • Chair Western Australia Faculty Board 1993–1996
  • Western Australia Councilor, College Council, 1994–1997
  • Member, Scientific Committee, 1998–2005

Western Australian Department of Health committees[edit]

  • Western Australia Clinical Casemix Committee 1992–1994
  • Information and Research Committee of the State Trauma Advisory Committee 1997–2002
  • Metropolitan Emergency Services Taskforce 1996–2003
  • Inter-agency Taskforce on Rotary Wing Retrieval 2001

University of Western Australia committees[edit]

  • Medical Curriculum Committee, 1997–1998
  • Clinical Skills Committee, 1997–1998
  • Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry Appeals Committee, 2005–2010

Other committees[edit]

  • Board member, St John Ambulance Australia, Western Australia Ambulance Service Inc, 2002–2006[27]

Honors and awards[edit]

  • College Medal for distinguished service to the Australasian College for Emergency Medicine 2003[28][29]
  • John Gilroy Potts Award 2006, The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine for the best-published paper in 2006
  • Western Australian finalist, 2008 and Victorian finalist, 2016 Australian of the Year[30][31]
  • Edward Brentnall Award 2012 and 2014, The Australasian College for Emergency Medicine, for the best-published paper in public health

Publications[edit]

Books[edit]

  • Jelinek GA, Rogers IR. Emergency Medicine Topics and Problems. Blackwell Science Asia 1999. ISBN 9780867930139
  • Cameron PC, Jelinek GA, Kelly AM, Murray L, Brown AFT, Heyworth J (editors). Textbook of Adult Emergency Medicine. Churchill Livingstone; London 2000. Second edition 2004. Third edition 2009. Fourth edition 2014. ISBN 9780702053351[32]
  • Jelinek G. Taking Control of Multiple Sclerosis. Natural and Medical Therapies to Prevent its Progression. Hyland House; Melbourne 2000. Second edition Melbourne 2005; published in the UK by Gazelle Books 2005. ISBN 9781855860148
  • Cameron PC, Jelinek GA, Browne GJ, Everitt I, Raftos J (editors). Textbook of Paediatric Emergency Medicine. Churchill Livingstone; London 2005. Second edition 2012. ISBN 0443073481
  • Jelinek G. Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis: An Evidence-Based Guide to Recovery. Allen and Unwin 2010; published in the UK by Gazelle Books 2010. ISBN 978-0443073489
  • Brown D, Macarow K, Grierson E, Samartzis P, Jelinek GA, Weiland TJ, Winter C. Designing Sound for Health and Wellbeing. Australian Scholarly Publishing; Melbourne 2012. ISBN 9781921875625
  • Jelinek G, Law K. Recovering from Multiple Sclerosis: Real-life Stories of Hope and Inspiration. Allen and Unwin; Sydney 2013. ISBN 9781743313817
  • Jelinek G. Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis: The Evidence-Based 7 Step Recovery Program. Allen and Unwin; Sydney and London 2016. Persian translation 2016. Bulgarian translation 2018. German translation 2018. ISBN 9781760112554

Articles[edit]

  • Sprivulis P, Da Silva J-A, Jacobs I, Frazer A, Jelinek GA. The association between hospital overcrowding and mortality among patients admitted via Western Australian emergency departments. Med J Aust 2006;184:208-212 PMID 16515429
  • Jacobs IG, Finn JC, Jelinek GA, Oxer HF, Thomson PL. Effect of adrenaline on survival in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Resuscitation 2011;82:1138-43 PMID 21745533
  • Hadgkiss EJ, Jelinek GA, Weiland TJ, Rumbold G, Mackinlay CA, Gutbrod S, Gawler I. Health-related quality of life outcomes at one and five years after a residential retreat promoting lifestyle modification for people with multiple sclerosis. Neurol Sciences 2013; 34:187-95 PMID 29791509
  • Weiland TJ, Hadgkiss EJ, Jelinek GA, Pereira N, Marck CH, van der Meer DM. The association of alcohol consumption and smoking with quality of life, disability and disease activity in an international cross-section of people with multiple sclerosis. J Neuro Sci 2014; 336:211-9 PMID 24290614
  • Hadgkiss EJ, Jelinek GA, Weiland TJ, Pereira NG, Marck CH, van der Meer DM. The association of diet with quality of life, disability, and relapse rate in an international sample of people with multiple sclerosis. Nutr Neurosci 2014 Mar 17. doi:10.1179/1476830514Y.0000000117 PMID 24628020
  • Marck CH, Hadgkiss EJ, Weiland TJ, van der Meer DM, Pereira NG, Jelinek GA. Physical activity and associated levels of disability and quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis: a large international survey. BMC Neurol 2014 Jul 12;14:143 PMID 25016312
  • Taylor KL, Hadgkiss EJ, Jelinek GA, Weiland TJ, Pereira N, Marck CH, van der Meer DM. Lifestyle factors and medications associated with depression risk in an international sample of people with multiple sclerosis. BMC Psychiatry 2014 Dec 3;14(1):327. doi: 10.1186/s12888-014-0327-3 PMID 25467385
  • Weiland TJ, Hadgkiss EJ, Pereira N, Marck CH, van der Meer DM, Taylor KL, Jelinek GA. Clinically significant fatigue: Prevalence and associated factors in an international sample of adults with multiple sclerosis. PLOS ONE 2015 Feb 18;10(2):e0115541. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0115541 PMID 25692993
  • Hadgkiss EJ, Jelinek GA, Taylor KL, Weiland TJ Pereira N, Marck CH, van der Meer DM. Engagement in a program promoting lifestyle modification is associated with better patient-reported outcomes for people with MS. Neurol Sci 2015;36:845-52. doi: 10.1007/s10072-015-2089-1 PMID 25638416
  • Jelinek GA, De Livera AM, Marck CH, Brown C, Neate SL, Taylor KL, Weiland TJ. Associations of lifestyle, medication, and socio-demographic factors with disability in people with multiple sclerosis: an international cross-sectional study. PLOS One 2016;11(8):e0161701 PMID 27560626
  • Jelinek GA, De Livera AM, Marck CH, Brown CR, Neate SL, Taylor KL, Weiland TJ. Lifestyle, medication and socio-demographic determinants of mental and physical health-related quality of life in people with multiple sclerosis. BMC Neurol 2016;16(1):235 PMID 27876009
  • Simpson S, Taylor KL, Jelinek GA, Neate SL, De Livera AM, Brown CR, O'Kearney E, Marck CH, Weiland TJ. Longitudinal associations of modifiable lifestyle factors with positive depression-screen over 2.5-years in an international cohort of people living with multiple sclerosis. Front Psych 2018; (in press) PMID 30425659

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Professor George Jelinek". University of Melbourne. Retrieved 10 November 2018.
  2. ^ "Australian of the Year Finals". Retrieved 11 November 2018.
  3. ^ "Applying Research to Prevention One Article at a Time". Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Editors & Contributors". Intellect, Ltd. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  5. ^ "1157579 – OVERCOMING MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS". Charity Commission, UK. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  6. ^ "Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis Limited". Australian Charities and Not-for-profit Commission. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  7. ^ "Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis USA Inc". Nonprofit Explorer. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  8. ^ "Investigative review of classification systems for emergency care" (PDF). Independent Hospital Pricing Authority. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  9. ^ "George Jelinek Profile". Research Gate. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Meditating on Health". Melbourne School of Population and Global Health. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  11. ^ "Famous Aussies with MS". OzMS. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
  12. ^ "About: Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis". OMS. Retrieved 6 December 2018.
  13. ^ "An MS diagnosis led Professor George Jelinek's quest to stop history repeating". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  14. ^ "The HOLISM Study". Melbourne of Population and Global Health. Retrieved 12 October 2018.
  15. ^ "Methodology of an International Study of People with Multiple Sclerosis Recruited through Web 2.0 Platforms: Demographics, Lifestyle, and Disease Characteristics". National Institutes of Health. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  16. ^ "An Interview With Dr. George Jelinek". MultipleSclerosis.net. Retrieved 2 December 2018.
  17. ^ "MS: retreat programs have major health benefits". The Gawler Cancer Foundation. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  18. ^ "Lifestyle modification and multiple sclerosis". Life in the Fast Lane. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  19. ^ "Diet, lifestyle and MS". Melbourne School of Population and Global Health. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  20. ^ "Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis". MS Unites, Multiple Sclerosis Global Support Network. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  21. ^ "Good news emerges out of MS Diagnosis". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  22. ^ "Specific Diets for Multiple Sclerosis". MS / ACT NSW. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  23. ^ "Special diets and MS". MS Society. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  24. ^ "Eating well, not rigidly, is key to managing multiple sclerosis symptoms". Irish Times. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  25. ^ "Overcoming Multiple Sclerosis Group Expands into the United States". Multiple Sclerosis News Today. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  26. ^ "Professor George Jelinek overcame multiple sclerosis the natural way". The Bellingen Shire Courier-Sun. Retrieved 5 December 2018.
  27. ^ "The Commandery in Western Australia -- 113th Annual Report" (PDF). St. John Ambulance. Retrieved 10 October 2018.
  28. ^ "ACEM – Honorary Awards". Australian College for Emergency Medicine. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  29. ^ "George Jelinek – The Conversation". The Conversation. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  30. ^ "Victorian Australian of the Year 2016: The finalists". The Wauchope Gazette. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  31. ^ "2008 WA Australian of the Year Nominee". Australian of the Year Awards. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  32. ^ "Textbook of adult emergency medicine". BMJ/Emergency Medicine Journal. Retrieved 17 December 2018.