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St Mary's Hospital, London

Coordinates: 51°31′2″N 0°10′23″W / 51.51722°N 0.17306°W / 51.51722; -0.17306
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St Mary's Hospital
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
The Clarence Memorial Wing at St Mary's Hospital
St Mary's Hospital, London is located in City of Westminster
St Mary's Hospital, London
Shown in Westminster
LocationPaddington, London, England, United Kingdom
Coordinates51°31′2″N 0°10′23″W / 51.51722°N 0.17306°W / 51.51722; -0.17306
Care systemNational Health Service
Affiliated universityImperial College London
Emergency departmentYes – Major Trauma Centre
Opened1845; 179 years ago (1845)
Websitewww.imperial.nhs.uk/our-locations/st-marys-hospital Edit this at Wikidata
ListsHospitals in England

St Mary's Hospital is an NHS hospital in Paddington, in the City of Westminster, London, founded in 1845. Since the UK's first academic health science centre was created in 2008, it has been operated by Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, which also operates Charing Cross Hospital, Hammersmith Hospital, Queen Charlotte's and Chelsea Hospital and the Western Eye Hospital.[1]

Until 1988 the hospital ran St Mary's Hospital Medical School, part of the federal University of London. In 1988 it merged with Imperial College London, and then with Charing Cross and Westminster Medical School in 1997 to form Imperial College School of Medicine. In 2007 Imperial College became an independent institution when it withdrew from the University of London.[2]



Development of the hospital

The original block in Norfolk Place
St Mary's Hospital QEQM building (above) and old section (below)
The chapel of St Mary's Hospital
The Messenger, by Allan Sly
St Mary's hospital entrance arch of the older section
St Mary's hospital from the Grand Union Canal in 2020

The original block of St Mary's Hospital in Norfolk Place was designed by Thomas Hopper in the classical style.[3] It first opened its doors to patients in 1851, the last of the great voluntary hospitals to be founded.[4] Among St Mary's founders was the surgeon Isaac Baker Brown, a controversial figure who performed numerous clitoridectomies at the London Surgical Home, his hospital for women, and who "immediately set to work to remove the clitoris whenever he had the opportunity of doing so."[5] It was at St Mary's Hospital that C.R. Alder Wright first synthesized diamorphine in 1874.[6]

The Clarence Memorial Wing, designed by Sir William Emerson and built with its main frontage on Praed Street, opened in 1904.[7] It was at the hospital that Alexander Fleming discovered penicillin in 1928.[8] Fleming's laboratory has been restored and incorporated into a museum about the discovery and his life and work.[8][note 1]

The private Lindo wing, where there have been several royal and celebrity births, opened in November 1937;[10] it was financed by businessman and hospital board member Frank Charles Lindo, who made a large donation before his death in 1938.[11]

Following the 1944 publication of a report by Sir William Goodenough advocating a minimum size for teaching hospitals,[12] and following the formation of the National Health Service in the 1948, several local hospitals became affiliated to St Mary's Hospital. These included Paddington General Hospital,[13] the Samaritan Hospital for Women[14] and the Western Eye Hospital.[15]

In the 1950s, Felix Eastcott, a consultant surgeon and deputy director of the surgical unit at St Mary's Hospital, carried out pioneering work on carotid endarterectomy designed to reduce the risk of stroke.[16] Paddington General Hospital closed and relocated services to the Paddington basin site in November 1986[13] and, in common with the other London teaching hospitals who lost their independence at that time, the medical school of St Mary's Hospital merged with that of Imperial College London in 1988.[4]

In 1987 as part of on-going rationalisation within the NHS, the hundred year old Paddington Green Children's Hospital was closed down, the listed buildings sold off and its services absorbed into St Mary's.[17]

Notable births

Royal family
Other notable births

Notable staff and alumni



The nameplate of British Rail class 43 locomotive 43142, St Mary's Hospital Paddington, now on display in the Cambridge Wing of the hospital in London

St Mary's Hospital is located beside London Paddington railway station, the principal station of the Great Western Railway and its successors. In celebration of the association, a British Rail Class 43 (InterCity 125) locomotive, 43142, was named St Mary's Hospital, Paddington on 4 November 1986. The locomotive is still in service but, following changes of ownership, the name has now been removed. One of the large metal nameplates was acquired by the hospital, and is now displayed in the foyer of the Cambridge Wing.[26]

Major trauma centre


St Mary's Hospital is one of four major trauma centres in London. The other three are: King's College Hospital in Denmark Hill, The Royal London Hospital in Whitechapel, and St George's Hospital in Tooting.[27]

COSMIC charity


COSMIC is an independent charity, supporting the work of the neonatal and paediatric intensive care services of Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London. The charity funds a range of specialist equipment for the units, including ventilators and patient monitoring systems for those being treated on the wards,[28] as well as providing practical and emotional support to families.[29]

See also



  1. ^ The museum is open to the public from Monday to Thursday from 10am to 1pm and can be visited by appointment outside of these times. The museum is a member of the London Museums of Health & Medicine.[9]




  1. ^ "Our hospitals". imperial.nhs.uk. Archived from the original on 2 December 2015. Retrieved 20 August 2013.
  2. ^ "University of London: Updated position statement re: Imperial College London". london.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 10 December 2006.
  3. ^ Baker, T. F. T.; Bolton, Diane K; Croot, Patricia E C (1989). "'Paddington: Public Services', in A History of the County of Middlesex: Volume 9, Hampstead, Paddington, ed. C R Elrington". London. pp. 246–252. Archived from the original on 25 June 2018. Retrieved 18 November 2018 – via British History Online.
  4. ^ a b Ballantyne, J. (1 August 2004). "St Mary's: the History of a London Teaching Hospital". Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine. 97 (8): 405–406. doi:10.1177/014107680409700816. PMC 1079568.
  5. ^ Peter L. Allen (June 2000). The Wages of Sin: Sex and Disease, Past and Present. University of Chicago Press. pp. 106–. ISBN 978-0-226-01460-9.
  6. ^ Andrews, Stefan (26 November 2017). "Heroin, prescribed for coughs and headaches, was a trademarked medicine produced by Bayer company". Vintage News. Archived from the original on 25 April 2018. Retrieved 20 April 2018.
  7. ^ Historic England. "Clarence Memorial Wing of St Mary's Hospital (1265525)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Fleming Museum". Imperial College Healthcare. Archived from the original on 3 November 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015.
  9. ^ "Medical Museums". medicalmuseums.org. Archived from the original on 8 December 2022. Retrieved 26 August 2016.
  10. ^ "10 curious things about the royal birth". BBC News. 20 June 2013. Archived from the original on 20 June 2013. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  11. ^ Rayner, Gordon (22 July 2013). "Royal baby: £12,000 buys Duchess peace of mind at Lindo Wing". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 26 September 2015. Retrieved 5 May 2015.
  12. ^ "The Goodenough Committee was published in 1944". Policy Navigator. Archived from the original on 25 April 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  13. ^ a b "St Mary's Hospital (Harrow Rd)". Lost hospitals of London. Archived from the original on 28 July 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  14. ^ "Samaritan Hospital for Women". Lost hospitals of London. Archived from the original on 28 July 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  15. ^ "Western Eye Hospital". Lost Hospitals of London. Archived from the original on 28 July 2018. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  16. ^ "Felix Eastcott, arterial surgeon". The Times. London. 31 December 2009. Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2018.
  17. ^ "Paddington Green Children's Hospital". Lost Hospitals of London. Archived from the original on 28 July 2018. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  18. ^ "Bellator 144: Michael Page aiming to be the new face of mixed martial arts in the UK". The Telegraph. 23 October 2015. Archived from the original on 20 May 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2018.
  19. ^ "2018–19 Men's Basketball Roster: Admiral Schofield". Tennessee Volunteers. Archived from the original on 2 January 2019. Retrieved 1 January 2019.
  20. ^ "8 reasons why Amal Clooney chose Lindo Wing to give birth". The Telegraph. 14 June 2017. Archived from the original on 26 October 2020. Retrieved 16 February 2021.
  21. ^ Tominey, Camilla (16 October 2018). "Pippa Middleton reveals birth of first child on same day as Duke and Duchess of Sussex baby announcement". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on 20 February 2024. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  22. ^ Petit, Stephanie; Hill, Erin (15 March 2021). "Pippa Middleton Welcomes Baby Girl – and Her Name Has a Special Connection to Aunt Kate!". People. Archived from the original on 15 March 2021. Retrieved 15 March 2021.
  23. ^ Hill, Erin; Perry, Simon (11 July 2022). "Pippa Middleton Welcomes Third Child – a Baby Girl!". People. Archived from the original on 11 July 2022. Retrieved 11 July 2022.
  24. ^ Cope, Zachariah (1955). A Hundred Years of Nursing at St. Mary's Hospital , Paddington. London: William Heinemann Medical Books Ltd. pp. 118–120.
  25. ^ "Vincent Zachary cope 1881–1974, Obituary". British Journal of Surgery. 62 (8): 668–669. 1975. doi:10.1002/bjs.1800620820. PMID 1100161.
  26. ^ Llewelyn, Hugh (2014). Intercity HST 125: The Amberley Railway Archive. Amberley Publishing. ISBN 978-1445634180. Archived from the original on 23 November 2023. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  27. ^ "London's four major trauma centres". Archived from the original on 6 September 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017.
  28. ^ cosmic. "Equipment". COSMIC. Archived from the original on 28 January 2022. Retrieved 28 January 2022.
  29. ^ cosmic. "Family Support". COSMIC. Archived from the original on 28 January 2022. Retrieved 28 January 2022.