George Gaze Pace
|Born||31 December 1915|
Croydon, Surrey, England
|Died||23 August 1975 (aged 59)|
York, North Yorkshire, England
He was trained in London, and served in the army, before being appointed as surveyor to a number of cathedrals. Most of his work was carried out on churches, although he did some secular work. His architectural style was Modernist, but he respected traditional styles, and on occasions combined both styles in his works.
Early life and training
George Pace was born in Croydon, Surrey, the son of a ship owner's clerk. He was educated at Addiscombe New College, and then became articled to James Ransome and Cootes in London. He studied in the evenings at Regent Street Polytechnic. Then went on to work with Darcy Braddell and Humphrey Deane, and then with Pite, Son, and Fairweather. During this time he won prizes, including the Pugin scholarship. After qualifying as an architect in 1939, he taught at the polytechnic, but in 1941 he was called up for army service. In that year he married Ina Florence Catherine Jones. During his army service he was commissioned and worked as a supervising architect, based in York.
Career and later life
When in 1949 Pace was appointed as surveyor to the diocese of Sheffield, he resigned his commission and established a private practice in York. During that year he was elected a fellow of the Royal Institute of British Architects. Also in 1949 he was appointed as consulting architect to Lichfield and Llandaff Cathedrals, succeeding Sir Charles Nicholson. Much of his career was spent in restoring and repairing churches, and in designing new fittings, but he also designed new churches. Pace created a design for a cathedral in Ibadan, Nigeria, but it was not built. His works were almost completely ecclesiastical, but he did design a library for Durham University, and carried out repairs at Castle Howard. Pace was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) in 1971.
With his wife, Pace has five children. His son, Peter, also trained as an architect, and wrote a book about his father's works. George Pace was also a writer and lecturer, and was concerned about conservation issues, being a member of the York civic Trust and the York Georgian Society. He died in York in 1975, and his practice was continued by his assistant, Ronald Sims. His ashes are interred in the Retro-choir of Southwark Cathedral.
Influences and works
In respect of his influences, Pace's son, Peter, in the biography of his father, states that Charles Rennie Mackintosh was an early influence. He also quoted a fellow student who said "whilst most of the students enthused about Lloyd Wright or Gropius, George was more concerned with the ideas of William Morris, Lethaby and Burges". The authors of the Buildings of England series note the influence of Le Corbusier in his design of the William Temple Memorial Church in Wythenshawe, Greater Manchester (1963–65). Although Pace's works were mainly Modernist in style, he also respected traditional styles, and sometimes combined elements of both.
New churches that are entirely Modernist include St Mark, Chadderton, Greater Manchester (1962–63), the William Temple Memorial Church, and St Saviour, Fairweather Green, Bradford, West Yorkshire (1966). Also Modernist are the chapels at St. Michael's College, Llandaff (1957–59), Scargill House, Wharfedale, North Yorkshire (1958–61), and Keele University, Staffordshire (1964–65). The Addleshaw Tower, a free-standing bell tower for Chester Cathedral, Cheshire (1973–75), Pace's last major work, again is Modernist in style.
Modernist and traditional styles are combined in St Mark, Broomhill, Sheffield, South Yorkshire (1955–67), a church that had been badly damaged in the Second World War. Here Pace restored the spire and the porch in Gothic Revival style, but rebuilt the body of the church in Modernist style. In the Church of the Holy Redeemer, Acomb, North Yorkshire (1959–65), he re-used material from a demolished medieval church. At All Saints, Pontefract, West Yorkshire (1966–67), Pace built a new nave and vestry within the ruins of a church that had been damaged in the Civil War.
- Powell, Kenneth (2011), "Pace, George Gaze (1915–1975)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, retrieved 31 July 2013 ((subscription or UK public library membership required))
- Pace (1991), p. 11
- Hartwell, Hyde & Pevsner (2004), pp. 494–495
- Hartwell, Hyde & Pevsner (2004), pp. 187–188
- Historic England, "William Temple Memorial Church, Wythenshawe (1376597)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 August 2013
- Historic England, "Church of St Saviour, Bradford (1392312)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 31 July 2013
- Chapel of St. Michael's College, Llandaff, Cadw, retrieved 31 July 2013
- Historic England, "Chapel at Scargill House, including linking passage, staircase and vestry (1376604)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 3 August 2013
- Pevsner (1974), p. 161
- Historic England, "Keele University Chapel (1376612)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 August 2013
- Hartwell et al. (2011), p. 237
- Historic England, "Addleshaw Tower, Chester (1403484)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 31 July 2013
- Historic England, "Church of St Mark, Broomhill, Sheffield (1247190)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 31 July 2013
- Historic England, "Church of the Holy Redeemer, York (1376606)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 1 August 2013
- History, The Church of the Holy Redeemer, York, archived from the original on 30 September 2013, retrieved 1 August 2013
- Historic England, "Church of All Saints, Pontefract (1313269)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 3 August 2013
- The Church, All Saints Church, Pontefract, retrieved 3 August 2013
- The history of All Saints Church – Pontefract, Town of Pontefract, archived from the original on 6 October 2014, retrieved 3 August 2013
- Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Hubbard, Edward; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2011) , Cheshire, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ISBN 978-0-300-17043-6
- Hartwell, Clare; Hyde, Matthew; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2004), Lancashire: Manchester and the South-East, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, ISBN 0-300-10583-5
- Pace, Peter (1991), The Architecture of George Pace, Batsford, ISBN 978-0-7134-6273-9
- Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974), Staffordshire, The Buildings of England, Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, ISBN 0-14-071046-9