George Venables-Vernon, 5th Baron Vernon
The Lord Vernon
|Born||22 June 1803|
Stapleford Hall, Nottinghamshire
|Died||31 May 1866 (aged 62)|
|Parent(s)||George Charles Vernon|
George John Warren Venables-Vernon, 5th Baron Vernon (22 June 1803 – 31 May 1866) was a British politician. He was one of the last members of parliament for Derbyshire and the first for South Derbyshire. Vernon had a lifetime enthusiasm for Italian literature, particularly Dante after visiting Italy as a child. Vernon county is named after him in Australia.
Early life and education
Vernon was born at Stapleford Hall in Nottinghamshire, the only son of George Charles Venables-Vernon, 4th Baron Vernon (1779–1835) of Sudbury, Derbyshire, and Frances Maria, only daughter of Admiral Sir John Borlase Warren. Sir Richard Vernon, Speaker of the House of Commons from 1425 to 1426, was an ancestor. He was educated at Eton College and Christ Church, Oxford.
Vernon entered public life in 1831, as Member of Parliament for Derbyshire. As a result of the passing of the Reform Bill in 1832 (which Vernon supported) the parliamentary seat for Derbyshire was divided in two, and he became MP for the southern part. He continued in the House of Commons until 1835, when he succeeded his father as Baron Vernon and entered the House of Lords. In 1837, he exchanged his patronymic surname Venables-Vernon for that of Warren, in compliance with the will of Viscountess Bulkeley, but his children born before 1839 retained their original surname. He was an expert rifle-shot and an energetic supporter of the Volunteer movement for which he raised the 2nd (Sudbury) Derbyshire Rifle Volunteer Corps of two companies in 16 March 1860.
As a youth, Vernon was taken to Italy, and later returned to live in Florence, where he studied the Italian language and history. His whole life was devoted to Dante, to whom he erected a noble literary monument. With the advice and help of friends and collaborators, he printed (though not for sale) some then unedited texts and two important works. The first of these was Le prime quattro Edizioni della Divina Commedia letteralmente ristampate, London, 1858, a careful reprint of the first editions of Dante's Divine Comedy, edited by Sir Anthony Panizzi with a learned preface. This was followed by a remarkable publication, L' Inferno di Dante Alighieri disposto in ordine grammaticale e corredato di brevi dichiarazioni di G. G. Warren, Lord Vernon, London, 1858–1865, 3 vols. folio, of which only a limited number of copies were issued for private circulation.
The latter work was described by Henry Clark Barlow as one "which, for utility of purpose, comprehensiveness of design, and costly execution, has never been equalled in any country." Some of the most distinguished artists and men of letters in Italy were occupied for twenty years in its preparation. The first volume includes the text of the Inferno with many unpublished documents; and the third volume, which appeared after Lord Vernon's death, contains 112 original engravings of incidents in the Inferno, views of towns, castles, and other localities mentioned therein, as well as portraits, paintings, plans, and historical monuments illustrating the history of the fourteenth century.
Vernon was a socio correspondent of the Accademia della Crusca, and was a member of many other literary societies. He was also created Cavaliere di San Maurizio e Lazzaro in May 1865, in recognition of his labours on behalf of the national poet.
Marriage and issue
- Hon. Caroline Maria Warren Venables-Vernon (1826–1918), married Rev. Frederick Anson, canon of Windsor and rector of Sudbury
- Augustus Henry Warren Venables-Vernon (1829–1883), succeeded as 6th Baron Vernon
- Hon. Adelaide Louisa Warren Venables-Vernon (1831–1913), married Admiral Sir Reginald Macdonald
- Hon. William John Borlase Warren Venables-Vernon (1834–1919)
- Hon. Louisa Warren Venables-Vernon (1838–1898), married Rev. Thomas Parry Garnier
During his prolonged visits to Italy and Florence, Lord Vernon initiated a relationship to a young girl by the name of Louise Charlotte Anette Lavoignat and bore four daughters by her: Maria Louise born 1843, Vittoria Alice born 1845, Heloise Tommasine born 1846 and Georgina Jeanne Margheret born 1848.
An engraved portrait of Vernon is in the album of his Inferno. Besides the two works above mentioned, he also printed :
- L'Inferno, secondo il testo di B. Lombardi con ordine e schiarimento per uso dei forestieri di L. V., Florence, 1841, 8vo (only the first seven cantos; a foreshadowing of his great work on the 'Inferno').
- Petri Allegherii super Dantis ipsius genitoris comoediam commentarium, Florence, 1846, 8vo (edited by Vincenzo Nannucci).
- Chiose sopra Dante, testo inedito, ora per la prima volta pubblicato, Florence, 1846, 8vo (commonly known as II falso Boccaccio).
- II Febusso e Breusso, poema ora per la prima volta pubblicato, Florence, 1847, 8vo (a romanzo cavalleresco).
- Chiose alia Cantica dell' Inferno di Dante Allighieri attribuite a Jacopo suo figlio, Florence, 1848, 8vo.
- Comento alia cantica di Dante Allighieri di autore anonimo, Florence, 1848, 8vo (the oldest commentary on the Inferno in existence, probably written about 1328). He had intended to print the famous Latin commentary of Benvenuto da Imola, delivered as public lectures at Bologna about 1375; but this work was carried out by his second son, William Warren Vernon, in 1887, 5 vols. 4to, under the editorship of Sir J. P. Lacaita.
- Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900. .
- "Vernon County". Geographical Names Register (GNR) of NSW. Geographical Names Board of New South Wales.
- Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knighthood (107 ed.). Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 3999. ISBN 0-9711966-2-1.
- Ray Westlake, Tracing the Rifle Volunteers, Barnsley: Pen & Sword Books, 2010, ISBN 978-1-84884-211-3, p. 59.
- His collaborators were especially Sir Anthony Panizzi, Sir J. P. Lacaita, Mariano Armellini, Vincenzo Nannucci, and Pietro Fraticelli; his friends included Luigi Passerini, Francesco Bonaini, Giuseppe Antinori, Brunone Bianchi, Giuseppe Canestrini, Giunio Carbone and Stefano Audin
- On the Vernon Dante, 1870, p. 1
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by George Venables-Vernon
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Lord George Cavendish
| Member of Parliament for Derbyshire
With: Lord George Cavendish
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for South Derbyshire
With: Lord Waterpark
Sir George Harpur Crewe
Sir Roger Gresley
|Peerage of Great Britain|
George Charles Venables-Vernon
| Baron Vernon
Augustus Henry Venables-Vernon