George W. Joseph
|George W. Joseph|
|Member of the Oregon Senate
from the 13th district
|Born||May 10, 1872
Joseph Creek, Modoc County, California
|Died||June 17, 1930
|Spouse(s)||Bertha L. Snell|
George W. P. Joseph (May 10, 1872 – June 17, 1930) was an attorney and Republican politician in the U.S. state of Oregon. A native of California, his family relocated to Oregon when he was young. There he would practice law and serve in the Oregon State Senate.
Joseph was born on May 10, 1872, in a log cabin on Joseph Creek in Modoc County, California. The son of Delilah Jane Joseph (née Heath) and Edwin Worthington Joseph, Joseph moved to Oregon in 1876 with his parents. In 1889, he graduated from high school in Lakeview, Oregon. He then studied law under the tutelage of two local judges, and worked as a retail clerk. Judge Townshend encouraged Joseph to move to Portland to pursue a career in law, and arranged for his employment there.
Joseph moved to Portland and began working for the law offices of Watson, Hume and Watson in 1892. He passed the bar exam in 1893. Joseph formed a close friendship with Julius Meier, who was also just completing his law studies, in 1892. The two formed a partnership in 1895, and Joseph was retained as an attorney by Meier & Frank and by several individual members of the Meier family.
Two years later, the Alaska gold rush hit, and Joseph traveled to Alaska with a Judge Adams to explore the opportunity. They staked a claim and established a mine. Joseph ultimately returned to Oregon poorer than when he had left, and resumed his partnership with Meier. During this period, Joseph found a respect for the political progressivism of Theodore Roosevelt.
After Meier left the partnership to join his family's department store, Meier & Frank, Joseph partnered with Bert E. Haney to form the legal practice Joseph, Haney, and Littlefield. Notably, he drew up and executed the will of his friend E. Henry Wemme, owner of the Mount Hood Company and, thereby, the Bull Run Hydroelectric Project and the historic Barlow Road.
Joseph was elected to the Oregon State Senate in 1910 as a Republican representing Multnomah County. He served in the 1911 and 1913 legislative sessions. He introduced legislation supporting the 1912 amendment to the Oregon Constitution that established women's suffrage, and introduced Senate Bill 42 in 1911 that would have created a highway commission. He advocated for a large appropriation for Oregon's exhibit at the Panama–Pacific International Exposition in 1915. He argued it was a unique opportunity to display its various economic offerings to the world; he asserted that an investment of $500,000 would "come back many fold". Joseph did not seek re-election in the 1914 election.
During his time in the Oregon Senate, Joseph introduced numerous bills that would have promoted the development of hydroelectric power under public ownership. At the time, the state was home to less than 1% of the U.S. population, but was understood to possess 10 to 12% of the nation's potential hydroelectric capacity. Joseph's bills, however, were not taken seriously in the Senate.
In late 1925, Joseph considered a run for the United States Senate, and received strong assurances from Henry Hanzen, a political editor, that the Republican nomination was his for the asking. He ultimately declined to run for national office, however, stating to Hanzen:
|“||...I shall never seek office which will take me away from the people of Oregon. I am going to stay in the fight for them.||”|
(Had he won the nomination, he would have faced his former law partner, Democrat Bert Haney, in the general election.)
In the late 1920s, the matter of Wemme's estate went before the Oregon Supreme Court. Joseph accused the opposing attorney, Thomas Mannix, of collusion with Chief Justice John L. Rand. In the ensuing controversy, Mannix filed disbarment proceedings against Joseph. Joseph then announced his candidacy for Governor of Oregon in the 1930 election, seeking vindication from the people of Oregon.
Joseph was considered a populist candidate, and a prominent advocate for public development of hydroelectric dams on the Columbia River. He won the Republican nomination on May 16, defeating incumbent A. W. Norblad by over 5000 votes. In those days, the Republican nomination virtually guaranteed victory in the general election.
About two weeks after the primary election, Joseph and Mannix were both permanently disbarred by the Oregon Supreme Court. Before the general election, however, Joseph died of a stroke, on June 17, during an army drill near the Oregon National Guard's Camp Clatsop.
The Republican Party nominated Phil Metschan to take Joseph's place on the ballot. Metschan, who had not run in the primary, opposed public power utilities, a significant departure from Joseph's platform.
Joseph's friend and former law partner Julius Meier entered the race as an independent candidate, adopting Joseph's platform. Meier won the three-candidate election with 54.5% of the vote. He went on to pass legislation in accordance with Joseph's platform, highlighting those efforts in his 1935 address.
Joseph's heirs donated a piece of property to the State of Oregon in 1934, which is now known as George W. Joseph State Natural Area. Joseph's grandson, George M. Joseph, was a prominent Oregon attorney and judge.
- "Oregon Ousting". Time. June 9, 1930. Retrieved 2007-10-08.
- Colmer, Montagu, and Charles Erskine Scott Wood. History of the Bench and Bar of Oregon. Portland, Or: Historical Pub. Co, 1910. p. 85.
- Adams, Lester; Lois P. Myers (1931). George W. Joseph: His Life. Kessinger Publishing, LLC. pp. 92 pages. ISBN 1-4325-9812-0. Page 47 (lists 10/7/03.)
- Oregon Voter
- "Time to Change: Many lawyers favor new constitution". The Oregonian. January 29, 1905.
- "Big Appropriation for Fair Favored. George W. Joseph Says Oregon Should Devote $500,000 to Exposition". The Oregonian. December 20, 1912.
- 1921 Regular Session (31st). Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on May 28, 2008.
- 1925 Regular Session (33rd). Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on May 28, 2008.
- 1929 Regular Session (35th). Oregon State Archives. Retrieved on May 28, 2008.
- Schmidt, Emerson P. (February 1931). "The Movement for Public Ownership of Power in Oregon". The Journal of Land & Public Utility Economics (University of Wisconsin Press) 7 (1): 52–60. JSTOR 3138633.
- "Court Disbars Oregon Candidate for Governor Who Won Nomination on 'Vindication' Issue". New York Times. May 28, 1930.
- "Joseph takes lead in Oregon primary; Republican 'Vindication' Candidate for Governor Is 5,485 Ahead of Incumbent.". The New York Times. May 18, 1930.
- Wallis, James Harold (1935). The Politician; His Habits, Outcries, and Protective Coloring. New York: Frederick A. Stokes Company. p. 181. ISBN 0-405-05904-3.
- "Nominee drops dead in Oregon". Los Angeles times. June 17, 1930.
- "Governor Julius L. Meier's Administration: Governor's Message, 1935". Oregon State Archives. 1935. Retrieved 2008-05-27.
- Lewis and Clark's Columbia River - Latourell Falls, Oregon