|President of the Languedoc-Rousillion Region|
|Preceded by||Jacques Blanc|
|Succeeded by||Christian Bourquin|
|Mayor of Montpellier|
|Preceded by||François Delmas|
|Succeeded by||Hélène Mandroux|
|Member of the National Assembly|
|Preceded by||Bernard Serrou|
|Succeeded by||Jacques Domergue|
|Preceded by||Robert-Félix Fabre|
|Succeeded by||Bernard Serrou|
|Preceded by||René Couveinhes|
|Succeeded by||François Delmas|
|Constituency||Hérault (1st & 2nd districts)|
|Born||July 9, 1938|
Puylaurens, Tarn, France
|Died||October 24, 2010 (aged 72)|
|Political party||Socialist Party (expelled 2007)|
|Alma mater||HEC Paris|
Paris Law Faculty
Georges Frêche (July 9, 1938 – October 24, 2010) was a French politician. He served as President of the Languedoc-Roussillon Region from 2004 until his death: prior to that, he had been mayor of Montpellier for 27 years, and was also a former member (député) of the National Assembly. Frêche had been a member of the French socialist party until he was expelled on January 27, 2007.
A long-time political figure within French political circles, Frêche was an extremely controversial character, considered by some a great builder and visionary, while criticised by others and judged in court for his controversial remarks, which were sometimes interpreted as racist.
Life and career
Frêche was born in Puylaurens, Tarn, in 1938. His father was a military officer, while his mother was a primary school headmistress. Frêche studied law in Paris, and was appointed professor of law at the University of Montpellier 1 in 1969, specializing in Roman law, before entering politics.
He served as the mayor of Montpellier from 1977 to 2004. Building on the trend started by his predecessor François Delmas, who landed the Southern Europe IBM factory and headquarters as well as the scientific university, Frêche expanded Montpellier in all directions, propelling it from the 25th-largest city in France to the eighth, in less than 30 years. Under Frêche, Montpellier, whose slogan, in the 1980s, reflecting Frêche's ambition, was "the overachiever", specialised in clean, tertiary industries such as banking, electronics and water processing. In 2004, Frêche was elected president of the Languedoc-Roussillon Region, and had to resign as mayor of Montpellier after 27 years in office, although he remained president of Montpellier Agglomération, the local agglomeration community.
While he was a member of French's Socialist Party (PS) and the leader of one of the largest socialist federations in France, Georges Frêche was never given a ministerial position in any socialist government, not even as socialist François Mitterrand was France's president for 14 years. This could have been due to both the fact that Frêche was an embarrassing figure for the socialists, prone to multiple politically incorrect speeches with racist overtones, and his alleged refusal to let the Socialist Party be secretly financed by fake bills issued by the private company Urba (Urba would cause a major political scandal in France). It is also to be noted that he had antagonized François Mitterrand as early as the foundation of the current French Socialist Party in 1971, being cast aside even at that date.
Frêche was permanently expelled from the Socialist Party on January 27, 2007, after commenting that the number of black players on the French national football team was disproportionately higher than one might expect from France's demographics. Frêche maintained that he was not trying to be racist and was instead talking about whites being less successful at sports because they are not sufficiently "hungry".
Frêche continued to attract controversy after his expulsion from the Socialist Party, insulting former Socialist Prime Minister Laurent Fabius in the run-up to the 2010 regional elections, saying "I've got a problem voting for that guy from Haute-Normandie, he doesn't look too Catholic" (Fabius has Ashkenazi Jewish roots). The Socialist Party ran against Frêche's "independent left" list in the elections for Languedoc-Roussillon, with Frêche's successor as mayor of Montpellier, Hélène Mandroux as the head of list, but were roundly defeated, gaining only 7.74% in the first round, against Frêche's 34.28%. Frêche went on to easily win the three-way second round with 54.19%, against lists from the UMP (26.43%) and the FN (15.67%).
- July 1, 2000: "This is the longest tunnel in the world. You enter it in France and you come out in Ouarzazate",[French 1] a city in Morocco. Frêche was referring to the then-newly installed tramway line, of which one of the two terminus is in Montpellier's La Paillade, an area chiefly populated by citizens of Arab origin and Muslim religion.
- April, 2005: "I hope he does better than the other idiot",[French 2] referring to the election of the new pope Benedict XVI, replacing pope John-Paul II, the "idiot" in his sentence.
- February 11, 2006: In a diatribe against a group of Harkis, who fought alongside France in the independence war of Algeria, Frêche referred to them as "sub-humans".[French 3] They were taking part in a demonstration in support of the French law on colonialism, which asked teachers and textbooks to "acknowledge and recognise... the positive role of the French presence abroad, especially in North Africa", in Palavas-les-Flots.
- November 15, 2006: "On [the French national football team], there are 9 Blacks out of 11. The normal number would be three or four. This would reflect [French] society. But if there are so many, it is because Whites are lame. I'm ashamed for this country. Soon, there will be eleven blacks. When I see certain football teams, it makes me sad."[French 4] Frêche received support from political opponents such as Jean-Pierre Grand during the media storm that occurred after his outburst about the French football team.
- National Assembly of France
- Member of the National Assembly of France for Hérault : 1973–1978 / 1981–1993 / 1997–2002. Elected in 1973, reelected in 1981, 1986, 1988, 1997.
- Regional Council
- President of the Regional Council of Languedoc-Roussillon : 2004–2010 (Died in 2010). Reelected in 2010
- Vice-president of the Regional Council of Languedoc-Roussillon : 1973–1986.
- Regional councillor of Languedoc-Roussillon : Since 1973. Elected in 1986, reelected in 1992, 1998, 2004, 2010.
- Municipal Council
- Mayor of Montpellier : 1977-2004 (Resignation). Reelected in 1983, 1989, 1995, 2001.
- Municipal councillor of Montpellier : 1971–2010 (Died in 2010). Reelected in 1977, 1983, 1989, 1995, 2001, 2008.
- Agglomeration community Council
- President of the Agglomeration community of Montpellier Agglomération : 1977–2010 (Died in 2010). Reelected in 1983, 1989, 1995, 2001, 2008.
- Member of the Agglomeration community of Montpellier Agglomération : 1977–2010 (Died in 2010). Reelected in 1983, 1989, 1995, 2001, 2008.
- « Ici, c'est le tunnel le plus long du monde : vous entrez en France et vous sortez à Ouarzazate. »
- « J'espère qu'il sera meilleur que l'autre abruti. Celui-là, on le jugera sur le mariage des prêtres et la capote. »
- « Vous êtes vraiment d’une incurie incroyable. Vous ne connaissez pas l’histoire. Ah, vous êtes allés avec les gaullistes… Vous faites partie des harkis qui ont vocation à être cocus toute leur vie… Faut-il vous rappeler que 80 000 harkis se sont fait égorger comme des porcs parce que l'armée française les a laissés ? Moi qui vous ai donné votre boulot de pompier, gardez-le et fermez votre gueule ! Je vous ai trouvé un toit et je suis bien remercié. Arrêtez-vous ! Arrêtez-vous ! Allez avec les gaullistes ! Allez avec les gaullistes à Palavas. Vous y serez très bien ! Ils ont massacré les vôtres en Algérie et vous allez leur lécher les bottes ! Mais vous n’avez rien du tout ! Vous êtes des sous-hommes ! Rien du tout ! Il faut que quelqu’un vous le dise ! Vous êtes sans honneur. Vous n’êtes pas capables de défendre les vôtres ! Voilà, voilà… Allez, dégagez ! »
- « Dans cette équipe, il y a neuf blacks sur onze. La normalité serait qu'il y en ait trois ou quatre. Ce serait le reflet de la société. Mais, là, s'il y en a autant, c'est parce que les blancs sont nuls. J'ai honte pour ce pays. Bientôt, il y aura onze blacks. Quand je vois certaines équipes de foot, ça me fait de la peine. »
- "Georges Frêche est mort", Le Monde, 24 October 2010.
- "Frêche, exclu mais incontournable", Libération, 29 January 2007.
- "Frêche se prend le PS dans "la tronche"", Libération, 29 January 2010.
- "Georges Frêche est mort", Libération, 24 October 2010.
- "Georges Frêche, trublion de la gauche, est décédé", Le Figaro, 24 October 2010.
- "Georges Frêche, un habitué des dérapages", Le Monde, 28 January 2010.
- "Georges Frêche, provocateur en série", Le Figaro, 24 October 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Georges Frêche.|
- (in French) Georges Frêche National Assembly web-page.
- Emile Chabal, 'Managing the postcolony: minority politics in Montpellier, c.1960-c.2010' in Contemporary European History (Vol. 23, No. 2, 2014) 
- Emile Chabal, 'Le Président? Georges Frêche and the making of a local notable in late 20th century France' in P. Whalen & P. Young, Place and Locality in Modern France, 1750-present, éditions Bloomsbury Academic, 2014)