Gerardus Gul

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Gerardus Gul
Old Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht
Bishop Gul.jpg
Church Old Catholic Church
Archdiocese Utrecht
In office 1875-1892
Predecessor Johannes Heykamp
Successor Franciscus Kenninck
Ordination 1870
Consecration May 11, 1892
by Casparus Johannes Rinkel
Personal details
Born (1847-10-27)October 27, 1847
Egmond aan Zee
Died 9 February 1920(1920-02-09) (aged 72)
Nationality Dutch
Denomination Old Catholic
Parents Jan Gul, Angel Tol

Gerardus Gul (1847-1920) served as the seventeenth Archbishop of Utrecht from 1892 to 1920. He is known for his role in assisting the persons who would later found the Polish National Catholic Church in the United States, as well as for consecrating Arnold Harris Mathew, the founder and first bishop of the Old Catholic Church in Great Britain.

Early Ministry[edit]

Before serving as Archbishop of Utrecht, Gul graduated from the Old Catholic seminary at Amersfoort in 1870 and subsequently served as a parish priest at Ss. John & Willibrord in Amsterdam, St. Mary Magdalene in Zaandam, and at St. James in Utrecht. In 1886, he became pastor in Hilversum.

Archbishop of Utrecht[edit]

Following the death of Johannes Heykamp, Archbishop of Utrecht, on January 8, 1892, Gul was consecrated [Old_Catholic_Church_of_the_Netherlands#Old_Catholic_Archbishops_of_Utrecht|Archbishop of Utrecht on May 11, 1892 by Bishop Gaspardus Johannes Rinkel of Haarlem, Bishop Cornelius Diependaal of Deventer, and Bishop Josef Hubert Reinkens of Bonn.

The Polish National Catholic Church[edit]

On November 21, 1897, Gul assisted Eduard Herzog of the Swiss Christian Catholic Church and Theodor Weber of the Old Catholic Church of Germany with the consecration of Antonius Stanislas Kozłowski, who was elected by a number of Polish congregations in Chicago that were dissatisfied with the control exercised over their church properties by mostly-Irish Roman Catholic bishops. These churches would later organize into the Polish National Catholic Church.

On September 29, 1907, at Utrecht, Gul consecrated Franciszek Hodur, from Scranton, Pennsylvania, for the Polish National Catholic Church, assisted by Johannes Jacobus van Thiel, Bishop of Haarlem, and Nicholas B. P. Spit, Bishop of Deventer.

On October 5, 1909, he consecrated Jan Maria Michał Kowalski the first Minister Generalis (Minister General) of the Order of the Mariavites.

The Consecration of Arnold Harris Mathew[edit]

In 1908, the Union of Utrecht approved the establishment of a mission in Great Britain, and on April 28, 1908, Gul consecrated Rev. Dr. Arnold Harris Mathew at St. Gertrude’s Cathedral in Utrecht for the purpose of establishing the Old Catholic Church in the United Kingdom.

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Johannes Heykamp
Old Catholic Archbishop of Utrecht
Succeeded by
Franciscus Kenninck


Moss, C.B. (1948). The Old Catholic Movement: Its Origins and History. Berkeley, CA: The Apocryphal Press.