Giacomo Simoneta

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Giacomo Simoneta (1475–1539) was an Italian Roman Catholic bishop and cardinal.

Biography[edit]

Giacomo Simoneta was born in Milan in 1475, the son of Giovanni Simoneta and his second wife Catarina Barbavara.[1]

He studied law in Milan.[1] In 1494, he became a member of the Collegio degli Avvocat in Milan.[1] He became a consistorial advocate in 1505.[1] He became an auditor of the Roman Rota in 1511 and served as the dean of the Roman Rota from 1522 to 1528.[1] He also participated in the Fifth Council of the Lateran from 1512 to 1517.[1]

On July 17, 1528, he was elected bishop of Pesaro.[1] He was consecrated as a bishop on September 14, 1529 in the chapel of San Lorenzo in Piscibus by Cardinal Agostino Spinola.[1] While Paolo Capizzuchi was absent from Rome, Pope Clement VII name Bishop Simoneta to replace him in the matter of the divorce of Henry VIII of England.[1]

Pope Paul III created him a cardinal priest in the consistory of May 21, 1535.[1] He received the red hat and the titular church of San Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane on May 31, 1535.[1]

On December 20, 1535, he was named bishop of Perugia.[1] He and six other cardinals were named on April 8, 1536 to a congregation for celebrating an ecumenical council.[1] He was named bishop of Lodi on August 4, 1536, though he later resigned the government of the diocese in favor of his nephew Giovanni Simoneta on June 20, 1537.[1] He opted for the titular church of Sant'Apollinare alle Terme Neroniane-Alessandrine on November 28, 1537.[1] On December 10, 1537, he resigned the administration of Pesaro in favor of his nephew Ludovico Simoneta, who later became a cardinal himself.[1]

A short time later, he became prefect of the Apostolic Signatura.[1] On January 7, 1538, he and eight other cardinals were named to a second congregation charged with preparing for an ecumenical council.[1] On February 6, 1538, he was appointed to the diocese of Nepi-Sutri.[1] He resigned the government of Perugia on July 20, 1538.[1]

He mediated a dispute between the Republic of Florence and the Republic of Siena for control over Montepulciano and was able to broker a mutually agreeable solution.[1] In 1539, he was the papal legate to the Council of Vincenza, along with Cardinals Girolamo Alexander de Motta and Bonifacio Ferrero.[1] On January 10, 1539, he became Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals.[1]

He died in Rome on November 1, 1539.[1] He is buried in Trinità dei Monti.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Entry from Biographical Dictionary of the Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church