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|Born||Decatur Gibson Byrd
February 1, 1923
|Died||April 16, 2002
Del Mar, California
|Education||University of Iowa.|
|Known for||Figure and Landscape painter|
Decatur Gibson Byrd (February 1, 1923 – April 14, 2002), was an American painter as well as professor. His early works focused mostly on figurative paintings while his later work turned more towards landscape paintings.
Life and career
Byrd was born in Tulsa, Oklahoma to a Caucasian mother and a half Shawnee father. He attended Central High School and was a member of the first graduating class of Will Rogers High. During World War II, he served as a B-17 engineer and top turret gunner. After the war, Byrd received his B.A in Art from the University of Tulsa in 1949 and obtained an M.A. of Fine Arts from the University of Iowa in 1950. After graduation, he taught art at Central High School in Tulsa from 1950 to 1952. From 1952 to 1955, he was the Director of the Kalamazoo Art Center, and lectured at the University of Michigan Extension Division. He was married to Benita Springer and had two children. From 1955 until his retirement in 1985, he was a faculty member of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Art Department. At the UW Madison, Byrd was a contemporary of other prominent artists including Aaron Bohrod, Warrington Colescott, Raymond Gloeckler, Walter Hamady Harvey Littleton, Alfred Sessler and John Wilde. A painter and an educator, he served at various times as Department Chairman, Graduate Chairman, and Undergraduate Chairman. During 1965–1966, he was Visiting Lecturer at the School of Art Education at the Birmingham College of Arts and Crafts in Birmingham, England. After retirement until his death, Byrd was a Professor Emeritus in the Art Department at UW-Madison.
Byrd’s paintings were frequently exhibited across the United States in competitive, invitation, and one-person exhibits starting around 1949. Early influences on Byrd included the abstract expressionists and modernists Lyonel Feininger, Willem de Kooning, John Marin, and Mark Rothko, as well as the realist Edward Hopper. Byrd's work emphasized social realism, angst and banality in the twentieth century, as well as auto-biographical fantasy. In the early 1980s Byrd turned away from a narrative, psychological approach and focused his work on the rural landscapes, receiving widespread recognition for this shift in style that emphasized composition, lighting, and mood  . These landscapes mostly focused on rural southern Wisconsin (including a 10-foot square oil painting modeled on a landscape near Cross Plains that welcomed passengers to the Dane County Regional Airport for more than a decade starting in 1988), and coastal southern California, near Carlsbad, where he retired to in 1991. His strong feel for landscapes was in part derived from his Shawnee Indian heritage. Although best known as an oil painter, he also worked in the mediums of gouache and pastel.
Paintings by Byrd are in many public and private collections, mostly in the Mid-West. The largest group is probably that of the Kohler Foundation of Kohler, Wisconsin, which obtained 55 paintings from the artist's family. Other public collections include: the Butler Institute of American Art, the Milwaukee Art Museum, the Kalamazoo Art Center, the Bergstrom-Mahler Museum, the Madison Art Center, the Madison Museum of Contemporary Art, the Chazen Museum of Art, the Museum of Wisconsin Art, San Diego State University, the Wright Museum of Art Beloit College, the University of Wisconsin Madison Memorial Union, the University of Wisconsin (UW)-Green Bay, UW-Milwaukee, UW-LaCrosse, UW-Parkside, UW-Eau Claire, UW-Stevens Point, The Wisconsin State Museum, the Philbrook Art Center, and the University of Tulsa.
- Gibson Byrd A Retrospective Exhibition. Lawton Gallery, University of Wisconsin-Green Bay, November 27 – January 8, 1989.
Gibson Byrd Publications
- “Introduction”: William King’s Southwest, edited by Champion-Price, Toomey and White. Published by the Texas Center for Writers Press, 1976.
- Book Review: “The De-definition of Art” by Harold Rosenberg. Studies in Art
- Education, Vo. 15, No. 2, 1973-74.
- Book Review: “Ben Shahn” by John D. Morris, Editor. Studies in Art Education, Fall 1972.
- “Artists and Art Museums: Reminiscences and Little Realities”. The Wisconsin Monographs of Visual Arts Education, Spring 1972, pp. 18–27.
- The House. Original poem and drawing printed by Joseph Wilfer as a broadside.
- “Thomas Hart Benton” Exhibition Catalogue, The Madison Art Center, 1970.
- “Visiting Artists: Thoughts and Second Thoughts,” Visual Arts Education, Spring 1970.
- Article: “Artist-Teacher in American: Thomas Eakins,” School Arts Magazine, 1965.
- Informal Remarks: Published in “In Retrospect: Alfred Sessler”, Arts in Society, Vol. 3, No. 1, 1964.
- Monograph: Theodore Robinson, University of Wisconsin Exhibition Catalogue, 1964.
- Chapter VII: “Exhibits and Public Relations: in Art Education in the Junior High School, published by the National Art Education Association, Washington, D.C., 1964.
- “Problems and Challengers” in the “Art and the Wisconsin Idea” issue of Western Arts Bulletin, Vol 48:1, 1963-65.
- Article: “The Artist-Teacher in America”, The Art Journal, XXIII/2, Winter 1963-64.
- Editor, Curriculum in Art for the Secondary Schools, published by the State Department of Public Instruction, 1963.
- Gibson Byrd, from Wisconsin's MOWA website
- Byrd Risks Originality With New Works, from The Milwaukee Sentinel
- Byrd’s landscapes mature wondrously., from The Milwaukee Journal
- Gibson Byrd’s New Direction, from The Milwaukee Sentinel
- A well-earned bow for Byrd., from The Milwaukee Journal
- "UW ARTIST BYRD DIES AT AGE 79". Wisconsin State Journal – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). 20 April 2002. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
- Gibson Byrd, Kohler Foundation; (John Nelson Bergstrom Museum of Art is now Bergstrom-Mahler Museum)