Gilbert Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
The Earl of Pembroke
Died27 June 1241
Ware, England
Allegiance England

Gilbert Marshal, 4th Earl of Pembroke (1194 – 27 June 1241) was the third son of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke, the daughter of Richard de Clare. He was a friend and ally of Richard, 1st Earl of Cornwall.[1]

Gilbert acceded to the title of Earl of Pembroke and Lord Marshal on 11 June 1234, on the death of his elder brother Richard who had died childless.

Gilbert was married on 1 August 1235 in Berwick-upon-Tweed to Marjorie of Scotland (1200 – 17 November 1244), daughter of King William of Scotland. Their marriage was childless. By an unknown mistress he had one illegitimate daughter, Isabel, who was betrothed to Rhys ap Maelgwn Fychan.[2]

Gilbert captured Castell Meredydd from Morgan ap Hywel in 1236 during a truce between Llywelyn the Great and King Henry III of England.[3] After Marshal took the castle he seems to have fortified it with a bailey and curtain wall.[4] He was forced to return it to Morgan by the terms of the truce, or "for fear of the lord Llywelyn".[5][4]

He was accidentally killed on 27 June 1241 while in a tournament at Ware, which King Henry III had expressly forbidden, as he did not want any of his subjects killing one another in sport.[6] Gilbert was thrown from his horse and his foot was caught in the stirrup, thus he was dragged for some distance on the ground and died from the injuries received. He was buried at Temple Church next to his father. His title was passed to his younger brother Walter a year after his death. Walter was not immediately confirmed as Earl of Pembroke and Lord Marshal due to the King's anger at Walter's disobedience of royal orders, as he had also attended the tournament.[7]


  1. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 78.
  2. ^ Cokayne 1945, p. 373.
  3. ^ Davis 2011, p. 98.
  4. ^ a b Breverton 2013, PR6.
  5. ^ Davis 2011, p. 99.
  6. ^ Costain 1959, pp. 111–112.
  7. ^ Costain 1959, p. 112.


  • Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Pembroke, Earls of". Encyclopædia Britannica. 21 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 78–80.
  • Breverton, Terry (2013-08-22), Wales' 1000 Best Heritage Sites, Amberley Publishing Limited, ISBN 978-1-4456-2013-8, retrieved 2016-04-12
  • Cokayne, George E. (1945), The New Complete Peerage, 10, St. Catherine Press Limited
  • Costain, Thomas B. (1959), The Magnificent Century, Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company
  • Davis, Paul R. (2011-03-08), Castles of the Welsh Princes, Y Lolfa, ISBN 978-0-86243-970-5, retrieved 2016-04-12
Political offices
Preceded by
Richard Marshal
Lord Marshal
Succeeded by
Walter Marshal
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Richard Marshal
Earl of Pembroke
Succeeded by
Walter Marshal