Gilchrist, Mercer County, Illinois
|Elevation||787 ft (240 m)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||416190|
Gilchrist was founded by John W. Gilchrist. The town was home to as many as 300 hundred miners employed in the nearby Empire Coal Mine, owned by Mr. Gilchrist and other members of the Gilchrist family. In 1914, Gilchrist had a population of 100. Its mail came from Viola. The business establishments are: the Empire Coal Company, a general store, a grocery store owned by F. A. Essley, and a restaurant owned by J. H. Smith.
Gilchrist was on the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad branch line (originally the American Central Railway) that ran from Galva, through Viola to New Boston. Later, Gilchrist served as the junction of the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy Railroad with the Northern Division of the Rock Island Southern Railway, arriving in Gilchrist in 1905.
Service over the Chicago, Burlington, and Quincy to Gilchrist ended in 1986, and the rail was removed in 1988.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Mercer County General Highway Map (PDF) (Map). Illinois Department of Transportation. 1988. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 20, 2012. Retrieved 2011-05-26.
- Quad Cities Online - Railroads a key to Rapid City industrialist's mining success By Marlene Gantt Mar 8, 2013
- "Past and present of Mercer County, Illinois" , Issac Newton Bassett, 1914, page 459
- Page 3, http://www.mchsil.org/media/site_assets/d5c6134bca9657692da338fd8e08aeb1/assets/summer_2014.pdf
- Page 2, http://www.mchsil.org/media/site_assets/d5c6134bca9657692da338fd8e08aeb1/assets/summer_2014.pdf
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