Giuseppe Ramiro Marcone (1882, S. Pietro-in-fine, Italy – 1952) was a Benedictine Abbott. He was ordained in 1906 and appointed Abbot of Montevergine, Italy in 1918. He served an Apostolic Visitor to Croatia during World War II, in which capacity he worked on behalf of the Holy See for the protection of Croatian Jews.
In 1941, Pope Pius XII dispatched Marcone as Apostolic Visitor to Nazi-aligned Croatia, in order to assist Archbishop Aloysius Stepinac and the Croatian Episcopate in "combating the evil influence of neo-pagan propaganda which could be exercised in the organization of the new state". Marcone served as Nuncio in all but name. He reported to Rome on the deteriorating conditions for Croatian Jews, made representations on behalf of the Jews to Croatian officials, and transported Jewish children to safety in neutral Turkey.
When deportation of Croatian Jews began, Stepinac and Marcone protested to Andrija Artuković. In his study of rescuers of Jews during the Holocaust, Martin Gilbert wrote, "In the Croatian capital of Zagreb, as a result of intervention by [Marcone] on behalf of Jewish partners in mixed marriages, a thousand Croat Jews survived the war.
- Catholic Church and Nazi Germany
- Foreign relations of Pope Pius XII
- Rescue of Jews by Catholics during the Holocaust
- "Abbot Giuseppe Ramiro Marcone, O.S.B." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- "The papers of Apostolic Visitor, Giuseppe Ramiro Marcone reveal the Holy See's commitment to helping Jews persecuted by Nazis". News.va. Archived from the original on 2015-10-21. Retrieved 2016-01-15.
- Phayer, Michael. 2000. The Catholic Church and the Holocaust, 1930–1965. Indianapolis: Indiana University Press; pp. 32, 85, ISBN 978-0-253-21471-3
- Gilbert, Martin. The Righteous - The Unsung Heroes of the Holocaust, Doubleday; 2002; ISBN 0385 60100X; pg. 203
- Holy See's apostolic visitor intervened on behalf of Croatian Jews in WWII; CatholicCulture.Org; 10 August 2011.