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Glaucon (/ˈɡlɔːkɒn/; Greek: Γλαύκων; c. 445 BC – 4th century BC), son of Ariston, was an ancient Athenian and Plato's older brother. He is primarily known as a major conversant with Socrates in the Republic. He is also referenced briefly in the beginnings of two dialogues of Plato, the Parmenides and Symposium. Glaucon also appears in Xenophon's Memorabilia, [1] and is referenced in Aristotle's Poetics, where Aristotle states: "The true mode of interpretation is the precise opposite of what Glaucon mentions. Critics, he says, jump at certain groundless conclusions; they pass adverse judgement and then proceed to reason on it; and, assuming that the poet has said whatever they happen to think, find fault if a thing is inconsistent with their own fancy."[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Xenophon, Memorabilia, Book III, chapter 6
  2. ^ Aristotle, Poetics, 11.2

External links[edit]

  • Wikisource-logo.svg Laërtius, Diogenes (1925). "Socrates, with predecessors and followers: Glaucon" . Lives of the Eminent Philosophers. Vol. 1:2. Translated by Hicks, Robert Drew (Two volume ed.). Loeb Classical Library.