Glenn Doughty

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Glenn Doughty
No. 22
Glenn Doughty and Reggie McKenzie.png
Doughty (No. 22) and Reggie McKenzie from 1971 Michiganensian
Born: (1951-01-30) January 30, 1951 (age 66)
Detroit, Michigan, United States
Career information
Position(s) WR
Height 6 ft 2 in (188 cm)
Weight 205 lb (93 kg)
College Michigan
NFL draft 1972 / Round: 2 / Pick 47
Career history
As player
1972–1979 Baltimore Colts

Glenn Martin "Shake & Bake" Doughty (born January 30, 1951) is a former American football player. He played college football as a tailback and wingback for the University of Michigan from 1969 to 1971 and professional football as a wide receiver for the Baltimore Colts from 1972 to 1979. Doughty later built and managed Baltimore's famous Shake & Bake Family Fun Center in 1982. In 1994, he co-founded Career Information & Training Network (CITN) a St. Louis based company that produces videos designed to show positive multicultural career role models for use in K-12 schools, colleges and corporate America.

Early years[edit]

Glenn was born to Otis and Bessie Doughty, natives of Spring City and Nashville, Tennessee, respectively. Following his military service in the US Army as a Master Sergeant, Otis moved his family to Detroit securing employment with the US Postal Service as a Chief Draftsman. Otis made history in 1958 by designing the Star that appears on all US Mail boxes today. Bessie worked for the US Department of Defense as a secretary. Doughty was born in Detroit, Michigan, in 1951.[1]

1963 – At 12 years of age Doughty was a member of the first undefeated East Detroit Shamrocks Little League football team. His teammate and friend was Ron Banks who became the founder and lead singer of the World Famous Dramatics R&B group. Doughty and Banks played in the backfield together and became the first blacks allowed to play for the Shamrocks.

1964 – Doughty was a member of the undefeated West Side Recreation Football Champions the Westside Cubs.

He attended Pershing High School.[2]

1968 – Michigan Football High School All State Team. Doughty was selected All State end and was the youngest player on the team at 16. He started for the “Doughboys” for three years beginning at age 13. Doughty was named Detroit Eastside's Most Valuable Player captaining the Doughboys to an undefeated season.

1966-1968 – As an all around athlete Doughty also played basketball for Will Robinson, who was the first African American to Coach a Division I College at Illinois State University: The lineup of the 1967 Pershing State Championship team featured five players who would go on to play professional sports: Spencer Haywood NBA Hall of Fame and perennial All Pro, Ralph Simpson (ABA and NBA), Paul Seal (NFL) and Marvin Lane (baseball). This team is considered by the Detroit Free Press as the #1 Michigan High School Basketball team of all time. To harden these talented players for the high school schedule Robinson invited several Detroit Pistons to practice against this team during the summer.

Doughty played baseball as a center fielder and helped lead the Doughboys Baseball team to the 1968 Eastside Baseball Championship with a 427 batting average. Dr. John Telford author, Olympic medalist and Pershing track coach of the '60's and 70's called Doughty "the most versatile athlete in Pershing's sports history".

University of Michigan[edit]

As a freshman, Doughty was awarded the John Maulbetsch Award as Michigan's outstanding freshman football player. Doughty started as wide receiver on offense and defensive back. He was also a member of the Michigan Intramural All-Star Basketball team averaging 30 points per game. He made the dean's list with a 3.5 scholastic average in the School of Education.

Doughty played tailback and wingback for the University of Michigan from 1969 to 1971.[3] He gained 2,347 all-purpose yards for the Wolverines, including 1,464 rushing yards, 518 receiving yards, and 365 yards on kickoff returns.[4] Doughty made his debut for Michigan under first-year head coach Bo Schembechler in 1969.[5]

The Bleacher Report's story "The Mellow Men of Michigan: Bo Schembechler's Gridiron Sons" traces the origins of Doughty and his six groundbreaking Wolverine classmates Billy Taylor, Reggie McKenzie, Thom Darden, Butch Carpenter, Mike Taylor and Mike Oldham. In 1968 these young men became the largest group of African American athletes on scholarship in Michigan History. In Doughty's first two games for Michigan (also Schembechler's first two games as Michigan's head coach), he rushed for 138 yards (including an 80-yard touchdown run on his first carry)[6] in a 42–14 win against Vanderbilt and 191 yards in a 45–7 win against Washington.[4][7] Doughty sustained injuries early in the season that slowed him down and allowed Billy Taylor to move from backup to starting tailback.[8] Doughty did rush for 100 yards one more time during the 1969 season, in a 51–6 win against Iowa.[4] He totaled 732 yards for the 1969 Michigan Wolverines football team, that beat the #1 Ohio State Buckeyes in what ABC's Bill Fleming play-by-play announcer called "The Upset of the Century." This victory was the catalyst for Bo Schembechler's teams rise to national prominence over the next three decades. Doughty sustained an injury on Christmas Day while practicing for the 1970 Rose Bowl.[9] Doughty was moved to the wingback position and started all 12 games at that position for the 1970 and 1971 Michigan Wolverines football team.[10] He scored three touchdowns in a 35–6 victory over Illinois in October 1971.[11]

In 1970 Doughty and Billy Taylor were named to the NCAA and the US State Department’s All-American Team to visit troops in Vietnam for three weeks. Upon returning, Doughty and Taylor joined teammates in protesting the war in a halftime demonstration at Michigan stadium.

After the 1971 season, Doughty was selected to play on the College Football All-Star Team.[12]

In 1971 Bo Schembeckler named Doughty the most Versatile member of the 11-0 Big Ten Championship Team. He led the team in receiving.

In 1972, Doughty was named to the College All American Team's game in Lubbock Texas and to the College All Stars to play against the 1971 Super Bowl Champion Dallas Cowboys in Chicago. The All Stars lost to the Cowboys 24-14. Doughty was a starter at wide receiver in both games. The house which Doughty lived in proved to be a record setter. "Den of The Mellow Men Steal NFL Draft Show," Detroit Free Press. Doughty and 5 of 7 of his "Mellow Men" housemates were selected by the NFL early in the draft. This draft set the record for Michigan Players selected by the NFL in one year at 11.

Doughty was a key member of this extraordinary class that achieved a three-year record of 28-5. The team missed a national title and a perfect season in 1971 because of a field goal in the final 15 seconds in a loss to Stanford 13-12.

The 2012 Bleacher Report listed Doughty as a member of the second greatest Recruited Class in Michigan school history in 1968.

Doughty graduated from Michigan in 1972 with a bachelor of science degree in education.[2]

Professional football[edit]

Doughty played professional football as wide receiver for the Baltimore Colts from 1972 to 1979. He appeared in 103 games for the Colts, totaling 219 receptions for 3,547 yards and 24 touchdowns.[1][13]

1972 Doughty caught his first three passes from Hall of Fame quarterback Johnny Unitas before leg injuries sidelined him for the year.

1973 Doughty was awarded the Colts Offensive Player of the year. Doughty led the AFC with a 23.5. average yards per catch.

He earned the nickname "Shake and Bake" during his years with the Colts,[14][15][16] and the nickname was also extended to the 1975 Baltimore Colts offense.[17]

The Colts Record of 10-4 reversed the prior year's 2-12 record to set the greatest one year turn-a-round season in NFL History. The Colts won the Eastern Division Championship. Doughty played a key role in leading the Colts to three straight Eastern Division Championships for the first time in Colts history. He scored the only touchdown for the Colts in their 24-13 playoff loss to the Steelers and was second in receiving yardage in the game with 80 yards. Doughty led the Colts #1 Offense in the NFL in receiving yardage with 666 yards and 17.1 yards per catch.

1975 also saw Doughty, a Motown native, create the Shake & Bake Band. The Group consisted of Tight End Raymond Chester on bass, Lloyd Mumford Defensive Back on harmonica, Fred Scott Wide Receiver percussion, DT White Wide Receiver lead guitar, Bruce Barnett a shoe salesman on drums and Doughty (Dr. Shake) lead singer, composer on congas. The Shake & Bake Band performed at numerous clubs around Baltimore on Monday Nights arriving in a stretch limo at each location. The Band's appearances were promoted on the Memorial Stadium scoreboard. Many Colts fans felt the group sounded and looked like the famous California group WAR. The popular Shake & Bake band was invited to play on the Johnny Carson Show, but practicing for their Playoff game vs the Steelers prevented this from happening. The Band became one of only a handful of Players' musical groups in NFL history to record two records; Shake & Bake and Star Flight Disco in 1976. The intro to Shake & Bake was performed by Hall of Fame Broadcaster Chuck Thompson. The 1975 Colts Team was named by the NFL Network as the #10 "Fun Team" in NFL History. Doughty also earned the United Way's "Man of the Year" award in 1976 for his community involvement.

Doughty credits his admiration of Muhammad Ali for his Shake & Bake pre and post game predictions during the Colts three successive Eastern Division Championships and his parents for his commitment to community service. A sample of Doughty's many Ali like poetic locker room gems include: "We're goin' to Shake & Bake some Dolphin Steak!", "Make No Mistake Our Oven is Set to Shake & Bake!" "When we turn up our OVEN our Fans give us Love'n'!"

In 1979, Doughty left the team for two days claiming that he was being subtly downgraded by Colts' coach Ted Marchibroda. The Baltimore Afro-American referred to the Colts' treatment of Doughty as "business as usual at Memorial Stadium," noting that Raymond Chester had complained the prior year that "an attitude of racism" on the Colts caused quarterback Bert Jones to "look away" from him.[18][19] Doughty was cut by the Colts in August 1980 after struggling during the pre-season with a hamstring pull. He was the sixth leading receiver in Colts' history when his NFL career ended.[16][20] Doughty still holds the Colts record of 7 touchdowns thrown by 7 different Quarterbacks and was considered by many as the top blocking wide receiver in the league "cracking back" and destroying linebackers for the Colts running game led by Lydell Mitchell. His career yards per catch of 16.2 over 8 years ranks 92 in the top 100 all time in the NFL. Glenn created the now famous "Shake & Bake" football move to "cook" defensive players while scoring his 29 touchdowns.

Shake and Bake Family Fun Center[edit]

After retiring from the Colts, Doughty announced plans to build the Shake and Bake Family Recreation Center in the Upton neighborhood of Baltimore. The project was supported by a $3.5 million loan from the City of Baltimore.[21][22] Disputes over financing jeopardized the project in 1982,[23][24] and disputes with construction workers also drew press coverage.[25][26] The project was ultimately built with $4.7 million in development loans from the City of Baltimore, $150,000 invested by Doughty, and $1.2 million invested by four limited partners.[14] At the grand opening ceremony Doughty told reporters and fans that the Center was his gift to Baltimore City and his Super Bowl. Muhammad Ali joined Doughty to celebrate the Center's first fundraising event for the Maryland Red Cross and second year anniversary.

When the project, renamed the Shake and Bake Family Fun Center, opened in October 1982 on time and under budget, Doughty called it a dream come true. The $5.2 million project was described by the Baltimore Afro-American as "Doughty's gift to the inner city." The 70,000-square-foot (6,500 m2) structure included a 40-lane bowling alley, a 22,000-square-foot (2,000 m2) roller-skating rink, a sporting goods store, an "electronic game arcade," and two fast-food restaurants.[27][28][29] In February 1984, Black Enterprise magazine wrote a story on the center, noting that the center had grossed $1 million in its first year and received 10,000 visits per week.[14] The article concluded: "The complex is such a success that mayors from large cities around the U.S., studying inner city revitalization programs, have visited it."[14]

After losing a hard earned $1.4 million Urban Development Action Grant due to the City's financing structure Doughty fell behind on loan payments, Doughty sold the center in 1985 to the city which has since owned the facility for three decades. His moniker was removed when the city renamed it the Baltimore Neighborhood Recreation Facility. The change never took hold with the local residents, and Shake and Bake was eventually restored to its name. The operations has been privatized since 1999 after the center lost $1.6 million during the previous four years. Doughty, estimates that more than 1 million people have used the facility since he founded it in 1982. In 2014 117,000 people came into Shake and Bake, making the facility profitable. State Del. Keith Haynes, who represents the area, says the center is having a "tremendous positive impact for the community." [30]

Later years[edit]

In 1985 Doughty moved with his family to St. Louis, Missouri.[2]

In 1986 Doughty began working at KMOX Radio producing the NFL Player of the Week and also at KSDK TV producing the St. Louis high school Player of the week. The same year he co-founded a company called Takeoff Video Educational Excellence. The company produced videos designed to show positive multicultural career role models for use in schools.[35][36] In 1987 Congressmen William Clay of St. Louis and the Congressional Black Caucus introduced the company’s videos into the Congressional Record as a method of delivering career information to America’s students. In 1988 Ford Motor Company provided several grants to help launch the series of videos to students in Detroit, Chicago and Cleveland.

In 1993 Glenn Doughty and Karen Fulbright of St. Louis, left Takeoff to form Career Information & Training Network. Doughty the company's CEO and Ms. Fulbright VP worked together to create the Career Lane Network, a customized system of over 350 online videos and websites for K-12 schools, colleges and businesses. CITN is in its 21st year of operation.

In 1994-2005 with the support of Missouri Governor Mel Carnahan CITN received major funding from state and local School-to-Career grants. The First African American Role Model series was created at this time. The series features videos of African Americans in various high-tech careers.

Michigan Football History by Barry Gallagher Publication Date: August 15, 2014 @ Forward written by Glenn Doughty Michigan Football's Greatest Era tells a sixty-three year story about the highs and lows of Michigan football from 1948 to 2010. It details Bo Schembechler's work that gave Michigan Football Fans the greatest era of the school's magnificent football tradition as the winningest college football program in NCAA history. Bo had no losing seasons in twenty-one years, one hundred and ninety-four wins and thirteen Big Ten Championships. The numbers-21-194-13-are staggering. This book is loaded with original research on all six coaches of this period, along with charts, tables and photographs that tell a complete story about the Modern Era of Michigan Football. Foreword by Michigan Man-#22 Glenn Doughty RB-WR two-time Big Ten Champion.

In 2016 Morgan State University's public radio station, WEAA, launched a series called The Rise Of Charm City.[31] In its first program honoring the Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Holiday, "Still Shakin' & Bakin'",[32] the Shake and Bake Family Fun Center was identified as one of Baltimore's iconic structures built and operated by African Americans located on the historic Pennsylvania Avenue.

In September 2017 Baltimore City's Mayor Catherine Pugh announced to Baltimore that the iconic 35 year old Shake and Bake Family Fun Center would be closed for major state-of-the-art upgrades using city funds. Meetings with Upton community leaders and prospective business partners would be held to seek creative citizen input and form a new public/private partnership to run the upgraded center. In a statement to the Sun, Doughty said he communicated to the mayor and Upton officials that he would be thrilled to assist in any future plans the city has for Shake and Bake.


Glenn married Janice Woods from Du Quoin, Illinois, on September 25, 1972, in Toledo, Ohio. Glenn met Janice while recovering from the knee injury he sustained on Christmas Day prior to the 1970 Rose Bowl Game. Janice moved to Detroit from Alton, Illinois, and worked in the nursing office at Beaumont Hospital in Royal Oak Michigan in April 1970. Doughty had just begun working as a patient escort at the same time while rehabilitating his knee in the hospital's physical therapy department. They were married for 33 years. Janice died of cancer in 2005. Derek and Nikki are their children. Doughty met his domestic partner Jody Auletta in 2013. She is a former physical education teacher, trainer and triathlete competing in several marathons including the grueling Ironman competition.


  1. ^ a b "Glenn Doughty". 
  2. ^ a b "Glenn Doughty bio". Career Information Training Network. 
  3. ^ "University of Michigan All-time Rosters Search Page". University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. (Enter Doughty as the last name on the search page, and press enter to retrieve the roster details for Doughty)
  4. ^ a b c "Michigan Football Statistic Archive Query Page". University of Michigan. Archived from the original on November 12, 2007. Retrieved July 8, 2011. (To access Doughty's record, enter his last name "Doughty" in the main search page. Then click on "Display Stats By Season" to access his game-by-game and season-by-season results.)
  5. ^ "1969 Football Team". Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan. 
  6. ^ Paul Hornung (October 4, 1969). "The Midwest". The Sporting News. ("Glenn Doughty, carrying the ball for the first time, reeled of an 80-yard touchdown run.")
  7. ^ "Michigan Fans All Excited". Toledo Blade. October 1, 1969. 
  8. ^ "Taylor goes from sub to super". The Michigan Daily. October 26, 1969. 
  9. ^ "Doughty Of Michigan Injured, To Miss Rose Bowl Game". The New York Times. December 25, 1969. 
  10. ^ "1971 Football Team". Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan. 
  11. ^ "Doughty's Three Touchdowns Lead Michigan to 35–6 Trouncing of Illinois". The New York Times. October 17, 1971. 
  12. ^ "Michigan's All-Star Doughty Passer's Fancy". Chicago Tribune. July 17, 1972. 
  13. ^ Bill Free (September 15, 1976). "Doughty itches to play before Colt fans again". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. 
  14. ^ a b c d Lloyd Gite (February 1984). "Shaking & Baking in Baltimore". Black Enterprise. 
  15. ^ Eric Siegel (April 25, 1982). "Shake & Bake: Wide receiver to entrepreneur, Doughty still meets challenge". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. 
  16. ^ a b "Colts drop Doughty". Baltimore Afro-American. August 9, 1980. 
  17. ^ "Colt menu: Shake-bake". The Spokesman-Review. December 27, 1975. 
  18. ^ "Glenn Doughty lament a familiar Colt ditty". Baltimore Afro-American. September 22, 1979. 
  19. ^ Bill Free (September 20, 1979). "Doughty, back in camp, says 'I did what I thought was right': Marchibroda considers Colt receiver's case closed". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. 
  20. ^ "Colts bid Doughty goodbye". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. August 7, 1980. 
  21. ^ "Board to lend Doughty center extra $500,000". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. September 18, 1981. 
  22. ^ Pamela Constable (September 17, 1981). "City offers $3.5 million loan for Shake and Bake rec center". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. 
  23. ^ Sandy Banisky (June 26, 1982). "Doughty 'in cross fire' of city-consultant row". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. 
  24. ^ Sandy Banisky (June 25, 1982). "Shake, Bake bankruptcy asked". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. 
  25. ^ "Union Shakes Up Shake And Bake". Baltimore Afro-American. March 20, 1982. 
  26. ^ Lorraine Branham (March 17, 1982). "10 pickets arrested at Shake and Bake site". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. 
  27. ^ "Shake and Bake Grand Opening: The realization of a dream". Baltimore Afro-American. October 19, 1982. 
  28. ^ Ann LoLordo (October 17, 1982). "Glenn Doughty sees his dream come true in Upton". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. 
  29. ^ Eric Siegel (November 4, 1982). "Shake & Bake: Saturday night street-corner rival". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. 
  30. ^ [30].
  31. ^ Baltimore: The Rise Of Charm City
  32. ^ Still Shakin' & Bakin'