Glenn Doughty

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Glenn Doughty
No. 22
Glenn Doughty and Reggie McKenzie.png
Doughty (No. 22) and Reggie McKenzie from 1971 Michiganensian
Born: (1951-01-30) January 30, 1951 (age 68)
Detroit, Michigan, United States
Career information
Height6 ft 2 in (188 cm)
Weight205 lb (93 kg)
High schoolPershing, Detroit, Michigan
NFL draft1972 / Round: 2 / Pick 47
Career history
As player
1972–1979Baltimore Colts

Glenn Martin "Shake & Bake" Doughty (born January 30, 1951) is a former American football player. He played college football as a tailback and wingback for the University of Michigan from 1969 to 1971 and professional football as a wide receiver for the Baltimore Colts from 1972 to 1979. Doughty later built and managed Baltimore's Shake & Bake Family Fun Center in 1982. In 1994, he co-founded Career Information & Training Network (CITN), a St. Louis based company that produces videos designed to show positive multicultural career role models for use in K-12 schools, colleges and corporate America.

Early years[edit]

Doughty was born in Detroit, Michigan, in 1951.[1] He attended Pershing High School.[2]

Glenn was born to Otis and Bessie Doughty natives of Nashville and Spring City respectively. Following Otis Doughty's military service he moved his family to Detroit Michigan. Glenn's introduction to organized sports began with the East Detroit Shamrocks where he played running back and led his team to its first undefeated Championship season. Glenn and Ron Banks were the first African Americans to play for the team. Banks became the founding member of the world famous singing group The Drematics. Glenn then played for the Westside Cubs.

In 1965 at the age of 14 Glenn became the starting defensive end for the Pershing Doughboys. As a senior Glenn was named captain of the 6-0 undefeated champion Doughboys earned Eastside Detroit MVP honors and Detroit News All City and All State Honers . Doughty was a member of the 1967 Pershing basketball team that was coached by Hall of Fame coach Will Robinson. The team featured five players who went on to careers in pro sports. Doughty NFL Baltimore Colts, Spencer Haywood NBA Hall of Fame, Ralph Simpson Denver Nugetts. Marvin Lane Detroit Tigers and Paul Seal NFL San Francisco 49'ers. The Detroit Free Press named this team Number 1 in the history of Michigan basketball.

As an all around athlete Glenn lead the Doughboys baseball team to an Eastside Detroit baseball championship with a 427 batting average.

University of Michigan[edit]

Doughty played tailback and wingback for the University of Michigan from 1969 to 1971.[3] He gained 2,347 all-purpose yards for the Wolverines, including 1,464 rushing yards, 518 receiving yards, and 365 yards on kickoff returns.[4] Doughty earned freshman of the year honors by winning the John Maulbetsch award.

Doughty made his debut for Michigan under first-year head coach Bo Schembechler in 1969.[5]

The Bleacher Report's story "The Mellow Men of Michigan: Bo Schembechler's Gridiron Sons" traces the origins of Doughty and his six groundbreaking Wolverine classmates Billy Taylor, Reggie McKenzie, Thom Darden, Butch Carpenter, Mike Taylor and Mike Oldham. In 1968, these young men became the largest group of African American athletes on scholarship in Michigan history. In Doughty's first two games for Michigan (also Schembechler's first two games as Michigan's head coach), he rushed for 138 yards (including an 80-yard touchdown run on his first carry)[6] in a 42–14 win against Vanderbilt and 191 yards in a 45–7 win against Washington.[4][7] Doughty sustained injuries early in the season that slowed him down and allowed Billy Taylor to move from backup to starting tailback.[8] Doughty did rush for 100 yards one more time during the 1969 season, in a 51–6 win against Iowa.[4] He totaled 732 yards for the 1969 Michigan Wolverines football team. Doughty sustained an injury on Christmas Day while practicing for the 1970 Rose Bowl.[9] Doughty was moved to the wingback position and started all 12 games at that position for the 1970 and 1971 Michigan Wolverines football team.[10] He scored three touchdowns in a 35–6 victory over Illinois in October 1971.[11]

After the 1971 season, Doughty was selected by UPI as a second-team wide receiver on the 1971 All-Big Ten Conference football team.[12] Doughty was selected to play on the 1972 Coaches All American and College All Star Team as the starting wide receiver.

Doughty graduated from Michigan in 1972 with a bachelor of science degree in education.[2]

Professional football[edit]

Doughty played professional football as wide receiver for the Baltimore Colts from 1972 to 1979. He appeared in 103 games for the Colts, totaling 219 receptions for 3,547 yards and 24 touchdowns.[1][13] He earned the nickname "Shake and Bake" during his years with the Colts,[14][15][16] and the nickname was also extended to the 1975 Baltimore Colts offense.[17]

In 1979, Doughty left the team for two days claiming that he was being subtly downgraded by Colts' coach Ted Marchibroda. The Baltimore Afro-American referred to the Colts' treatment of Doughty as "business as usual at Memorial Stadium," noting that Raymond Chester had complained the prior year that "an attitude of racism" on the Colts caused quarterback Bert Jones to "look away" from him.[18][19] Doughty was cut by the Colts in August 1980 after struggling during the pre-season with a hamstring pull. He was the sixth leading receiver in Colts' history when his NFL career ended.[16][20]

Shake and Bake Family Fun Center[edit]

After retiring from the Colts, Doughty announced plans to build the Shake and Bake Family Recreation Center in the Upton neighborhood of Baltimore. The project was supported by a $3.5 million loan from the City of Baltimore.[21][22] Disputes over financing jeopardized the project in 1982,[23][24] and disputes with construction workers also drew press coverage.[25][26] The project was ultimately built with $4.7 million in development loans from the City of Baltimore, $150,000 invested by Doughty, and $1.2 million invested by four limited partners.[14]

When the project, renamed the Shake and Bake Family Fun Center, opened in October 1982 on time and under budget, Doughty called it a dream come true. The $5.2 million project was described by the Baltimore Afro-American as "Doughty's gift to the inner city." The 70,000-square-foot (6,500 m2) structure included a 40-lane bowling alley, a 22,000-square-foot (2,000 m2) roller-skating rink, a sporting goods store, an "electronic game arcade," and two fast-food restaurants.[27][28][29] In February 1984, Black Enterprise magazine wrote a story on the center, noting that the center had grossed $1 million in its first year and received 10,000 visits per week.[14] The article concluded: "The complex is such a success that mayors from large cities around the U.S., studying inner city revitalization programs, have visited it."[14]

In January 1985, shootings at the center and financial difficulties drew negative press to the project.[30][31] After loan delinquencies mounted in 1987 Doughty and his limited partners sold the facility to the City. .[32][33][34] In 2017 Shake and Bake was featured in "Baltimore: The Rise of Charm City" a radio series by WEAA of Morgan State University that described Shake and Bake as "one of Baltimore's iconic structures that was built by African Americans and founded by Glenn Doughty". Over one million patrons have passed through the center over the thirty years of operation.

On March 23, 2018 Mayor Cathy Pugh and Glenn Doughty joined together with state dignitaries and citizens from the Upton neighborhood celebrated the grand reopening of Shake and Bake. The theme was "The Bake is Back". The city of Baltimore and the state of Maryland committed nearly $5 million in new funding to upgrade the center. The 17,000 sq. ft. Roller rink is considered by many to be the best in the nation.

Later years[edit]

In 1985 Doughty moved with his family to St. Louis, Missouri. He co-founded a company called Takeoff Video Educational Excellence. The company produced videos designed to show positive multicultural role models for use in schools.[35][36] In 1994, Takeoff was reorganized as Career Information Training Network. Doughty is the company's CEO.[2]


  1. ^ a b "Glenn Doughty".
  2. ^ a b c "Glenn Doughty bio". Career Information Training Network.
  3. ^ "University of Michigan All-time Rosters Search Page". University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28.(Enter Doughty as the last name on the search page, and press enter to retrieve the roster details for Doughty)
  4. ^ a b c "Michigan Football Statistic Archive Query Page". University of Michigan. Archived from the original on November 12, 2007. Retrieved July 8, 2011.(To access Doughty's record, enter his last name "Doughty" in the main search page. Then click on "Display Stats By Season" to access his game-by-game and season-by-season results.)
  5. ^ "1969 Football Team". Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan.
  6. ^ Paul Hornung (October 4, 1969). "The Midwest". The Sporting News.("Glenn Doughty, carrying the ball for the first time, reeled of an 80-yard touchdown run.")
  7. ^ "Michigan Fans All Excited". Toledo Blade. October 1, 1969.
  8. ^ "Taylor goes from sub to super". The Michigan Daily. October 26, 1969.
  9. ^ "Doughty Of Michigan Injured, To Miss Rose Bowl Game" (PDF). The New York Times. December 25, 1969.
  10. ^ "1971 Football Team". Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan.
  11. ^ "Doughty's Three Touchdowns Lead Michigan to 35–6 Trouncing of Illinois" (PDF). The New York Times. October 17, 1971.
  12. ^ "Michigan's All-Star Doughty Passer's Fancy". Chicago Tribune. July 17, 1972.
  13. ^ Bill Free (September 15, 1976). "Doughty itches to play before Colt fans again". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  14. ^ a b c d Lloyd Gite (February 1984). "Shaking & Baking in Baltimore". Black Enterprise.
  15. ^ Eric Siegel (April 25, 1982). "Shake & Bake: Wide receiver to entrepreneur, Doughty still meets challenge". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  16. ^ a b "Colts drop Doughty". Baltimore Afro-American. August 9, 1980.
  17. ^ "Colt menu: Shake-bake". The Spokesman-Review. December 27, 1975.
  18. ^ "Glenn Doughty lament a familiar Colt ditty". Baltimore Afro-American. September 22, 1979.
  19. ^ Bill Free (September 20, 1979). "Doughty, back in camp, says 'I did what I thought was right': Marchibroda considers Colt receiver's case closed". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  20. ^ "Colts bid Doughty goodbye". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. August 7, 1980.
  21. ^ "Board to lend Doughty center extra $500,000". The Sun, Baltimore, Md. September 18, 1981.
  22. ^ Pamela Constable (September 17, 1981). "City offers $3.5 million loan for Shake and Bake rec center". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  23. ^ Sandy Banisky (June 26, 1982). "Doughty 'in cross fire' of city-consultant row". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  24. ^ Sandy Banisky (June 25, 1982). "Shake, Bake bankruptcy asked". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  25. ^ "Union Shakes Up Shake And Bake". Baltimore Afro-American. March 20, 1982.
  26. ^ Lorraine Branham (March 17, 1982). "10 pickets arrested at Shake and Bake site". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  27. ^ "Shake and Bake Grand Opening: The realization of a dream". Baltimore Afro-American. October 19, 1982.
  28. ^ Ann LoLordo (October 17, 1982). "Glenn Doughty sees his dream come true in Upton". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  29. ^ Eric Siegel (November 4, 1982). "Shake & Bake: Saturday night street-corner rival". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  30. ^ "Shake and Bake: the real story; Glenn Doughty tells the AFRO the complete story of the Shake and Bake dream, which hasn't ended yet". Baltimore Afro-American. February 2, 1985.
  31. ^ Rafael Alvarez, David Michael Ettlin (January 26, 1985). "2 found shot to death inside Shake and Bake". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  32. ^ Sandy Banisky, Ron Davis (January 25, 1985). "City ready to take control of indebted Shake and Bake". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  33. ^ Sandy Danisky (January 26, 1985). "City team takes over debt-ridden Shake and Bake". The Sun, Baltimore, Md.
  34. ^ "City will improve Shake & Bake". Baltimore Afro-American. June 21, 1986.
  35. ^ "Doughty now calls plays for kids' careers". USA Today. September 20, 1988.
  36. ^ William Raspberry (December 2, 1987). "Black Role Models-on Video". The Washington Post.