Gmina Chrząstowice

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Gmina Chrząstowice
Gemeinde Chronstau

Chrząstowice Commune
Coordinates (Chrząstowice): 50°39′52″N 18°4′9″E / 50.66444°N 18.06917°E / 50.66444; 18.06917
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Opole
County Opole County
Seat Chrząstowice
 • Total 82.31 km2 (31.78 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 6,655
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)

Gmina Chrząstowice / German: Gemeinde Chronstau is a rural gmina (administrative district) in Opole County, Opole Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. Its seat is the village of Chrząstowice, which lies approximately 10 kilometres (6 mi) east of the regional capital Opole.

In the Middle Ages, the area belonged to the Kingdom of Poland, with occasional periods of Bohemian rule. After the feudal fragmentation of Poland it had a certain amount of autonomy, before becoming part of the Habsburg Empire in 1526. In the second half of the 17th century it again briefly came under Polish rule, before returning to the Habsburgs. After the War of Austrian succession the area, along with rest of Silesia was taken by Kingdom of Prussia, and was part of it and its successor states; the gmina was located in the former German Province of Lower Silesia. After World War II, the area became part of Poland again.

The gmina is officially bilingual (Polish and German), a significant German community having remained behind after the area was transferred to Poland from Germany in 1945.

The gmina covers an area of 82.31 square kilometres (31.8 sq mi), and as of 2006 its total population is 6,655.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The commune contains the villages and settlements of:

Neighbouring gminas[edit]

Gmina Chrząstowice is bordered by the city of Opole and by the gminas of Izbicko/Stubendorf, Ozimek, Tarnów Opolski/Tarnau and Turawa.


Coordinates: 50°39′00″N 18°04′01″E / 50.650°N 18.067°E / 50.650; 18.067