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Godbole (Marathi: गोडबोले) (Pronunciation: gōde-bolæ) is a surname from Kokanastha Brahmins or Chitpavan Brahmins from Western Maharashtra (Western Coast of India), and also used by Rajapur Saraswat Brahmins. Godbole actually means 'sweet tongued' in Marathi.
Godbole family may include descendants of Caucasian people from the Ashkenaz area and Scythian immigrants into India (Indo-Scythians) who were Hindus at the time of migration (approx 5000 years ago). They are generally fair and have light eye color.
Their family deity (or) Kuladeivat are Shree Vyadeshwar, Shree Durga Devi at Guhagar, Shree MahaLaxmi at Kolhapur and Shree Meruling. Also there is a branch of Godboles who have Shri Durgadevi of Vayangani (near Ratnagiri) & Pawnai (at Pural Village) on Vijaydurg Road as their Kuladevi.
Godboles have origins dating thousands of years ago from Devache Gothane, Guhagar, Pawas, Ganpati Pule, Vayangani and other parts of the great Maharashtrian Konkan coast. Now, there are a large number of them in Mumbai and Pune as well as other places. There is a book written on the Godbole family, lineage, migration, genetics, origins, etc. named Godbole kulavruttant.
A popular myth mentions that the Godbole are descendents of the Parashurama (the 6th avatar of Lord Vishnu) who are Chitpavan Brahmins who became warriors to fight against injustice.
Role in military
The Surname -Godbole- was found in history as GadBole. This was a post in the Army, as snipers or watchers and when the enemy was around, their duty is to inform the fort (ie.Gad). Godbole's were also Sardar's (Military Generals and Strategists) in the court of the Peshwas (Rulers of the Great Maratha Empire).
-  Gujarat, Volume 1 By Rash Bihari Lal, Anthropological Survey of India
-  E. M. Forster's India by G. K. Das Publisher : Rowman and Littlefield, 1977
- Koushik Gotra Section of kokanastha.com - the cyber place of chitpavan brahmins community of india