Gordon B. Hancock
Gordon Blaine Hancock
Dr. Hancock in 1931
|Born||June 23, 1884|
|Died||July 24, 1970|
|Known for||Southern Conference on Race Relations, Double-duty dollar|
Gordon Blaine Hancock (June 23, 1884 – July 24, 1970) was a professor at Virginia Union University and a leading spokesman for African American equality in the generation before the civil rights movement.
Hancock was a nationally-syndicated columnist for the Norfolk Journal and Guide whose columns were published in 114 black newspapers. He was one of the organizers of the 1942 Southern Conference on Race Relations and gave the opening keynote address. This conference led to the publication of "A Basis for Inter-Racial Cooperation and Development in the South: A Statement by Southern Negroes," known as the Durham Manifesto, which asserted that the group was "fundamentally opposed to the principle and practice of segregation," including staunch opposition to Jim Crow.
Hancock joined the faculty at Virginia Union University in 1921. He became the chairman of the department of Economics and Sociology as well as the Director of the Francis J. Torrance School of Race Relations at Virginia Union University. He linked education to activism, requiring students to perform community service, and encouraged black people to patronize black-owned businesses, calling this the "Double Duty Dollar." 
Hancock was born in Ninety Six, South Carolina to Robert and Anna Hancock who had been formerly enslaved. He earned degrees from Benedict College and Colgate University, and received a master's degree in sociology from Harvard University.  He was married to Florence Marie Dickson. He was the pastor of Moore Street Baptist church in Richmond from 1925 until he retired in 1963.
- Gavins, Raymond (1970-07-24). "Hancock, Gordon Blaine (1884–1970)". Retrieved 2019-01-29.
- "Durham Manifesto". Encyclopedia.com. 1942-10-20. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
- "October 1942: The Southern Conference on Race Relations and the "Durham Manifesto" « North Carolina Miscellany". UNC Chapel Hill Libraries. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
- "Durham Manifesto". Museum of Durham History. 2013-11-10. Retrieved 2019-01-29.
- Hancock, Gordon (1931). At Calm Sedalia. Norfolk, VA: Guide Publishing Co.
- Gavins, Raymond (1974). "Gordon Blaine Hancock: A Black Profile From the New South". The Journal of Negro History. University of Chicago Press. 59 (3): 207–227. doi:10.2307/2716763. ISSN 0022-2992.
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