Gottfried E. Noether

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Gottfried Emanuel Noether (January 7, 1915 – August 22, 1991)[1] was a German-born American statistician and educator. He was the son of Fritz Noether, the nephew of Emmy Noether, and the grandson of Max Noether. He died in Willimantic, Connecticut.

Education and career[edit]

Noether was born into a Jewish family in Karlsruhe, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire in 1915. He later moved to Breslau (now Wrocław, Poland). The Nazi regime annulled his citizenship.[2] He immigrated to the United States in 1939, where he earned a bachelor's degree (1940) and a master's degree (1941).

The following four years, during World War II, he served with US Army intelligence in England, France, and Germany. Noether was one of the Ritchie Boys.[3] After the war, he earned a doctorate from Columbia University (1949).

He worked in academia for the rest of his career, beginning at New York University. He moved to Boston University in 1952 where he worked until he joined the faculty of the University of Connecticut in 1968. There, he eventually became chairman of the department of statistics. He retired in 1985.


Noether served on a statistical advisory committee for the United States Office of Management and Budget and as an associate editor of The American Statistician. He was a fellow of the American Statistical Association and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics.

As an expert on non-parametric statistics, he wrote over 50 articles and six books. He also wrote a brief biography of his father Fritz, who was executed in the Soviet Union in 1941.


In 1999, the Gottfried E. Noether Awards were established to "recognize distinguished researchers and teachers and to support research in the field of nonparametric statistics." The initial recipients of the Gottfried E. Noether Senior Scholar Awards were Erich Leo Lehmann (2000) and Robert V. Hogg (2001), and Pranab K. Sen (2002).


  1. ^ U.S., Social Security Applications and Claims Index, 1936-2007
  2. ^ Name Index of Jews Whose German Nationality Was Annulled by the Nazi Regime (Berlin Documents Center); National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Washington, DC
  3. ^ See the Appendix in Sons and Soldiers: The Untold Story of the Jews Who Escaped the Nazis and Returned with the U.S. Army to Fight Hitler by Bruce Henderson.
  • Hartford Courant (August 26, 1991). "Gottfried E. Noether". Hartford Courant. p. B6.  (obituary)
  • New York Times (August 27, 1991). "Gottfried Noether, 76, Educator in Statistics". New York Times. p. 22.  (obituary)
  • Noether, Gottfried E.; Marilynn Dueker (1990). Introduction to Statistics: The Nonparametric Way. Springer. ISBN 0-387-97284-6. 
  • Noether, Gottfried E. (September 1985). "Fritz Noether (1884–194?)". Integral Equations and Operator Theory. 8 (5): 573–576. doi:10.1007/BF01201702. 
  • Parastaev, Andrei (March 1990). "Letter to the editor". Integral Equations and Operator Theory. 13 (2): 303–305. doi:10.1007/BF01193762. 

External links[edit]