Gracia Baptista

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Gracia Baptista

Gracia Baptista (fl. 1557?) was a Spanish Roman Catholic nun and composer who lived in Ávila.[1] Her setting of Conditor alme, published in 1557 in the Libro de cifra nueva para tecla, Arpa y Vihuela of Luis Venegas de Henestrosa,[2] is the earliest keyboard work by an Iberian woman composer,[3] the first published composition by a woman composer,[4] and possibly the only surviving published keyboard work by an Iberian woman dating to before the eighteenth century.[5] The piece is scored for voice and either organ or harpsichord.[1] It has been recorded.[6][7]


  1. ^ a b Meg Lota Brown; Kari Boyd McBride (2005). Women's Roles in the Renaissance. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 270–. ISBN 978-0-313-32210-5.
  2. ^ Barbara Garvey Jackson (1994). Say Can You Deny Me: A Guide to Surviving Music by Women from the 16th Through the 18th Centuries. University of Arkansas Press. pp. 44–. ISBN 978-1-55728-303-0.
  3. ^ Susan Forscher Weiss; Russell E. Murray, Jr.; Cynthia J. Cyrus (16 July 2010). Music Education in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Indiana University Press. pp. 275–. ISBN 0-253-00455-1.
  4. ^ Josemi Lorenzo. "Gracia Baptista, año 1557. La primera compositora europea con obra publicada". Retrieved 1 March 2016.
  5. ^ Alexander Silbiger (2 August 2004). Keyboard Music Before 1700. Routledge. pp. 387–. ISBN 978-1-135-92423-2.
  6. ^ Pan Pipes: Sigma Alpha Iota Quarterly. Wayside Press. 1992.
  7. ^ "Gracia BAPTISTA". Retrieved 1 March 2016.