Gracia Baptista (fl. 1557?) was a Spanish Roman Catholic nun and composer who lived in Ávila. Her setting of Conditor alme, published in 1557 in the Libro de cifra nueva para tecla, Arpa y Vihuela of Luis Venegas de Henestrosa, is the earliest keyboard work by an Iberian woman composer, the first published composition by a woman composer, and possibly the only surviving published keyboard work by an Iberian woman dating to before the eighteenth century. The piece is scored for voice and either organ or harpsichord. It has been recorded.
- Meg Lota Brown; Kari Boyd McBride (2005). Women's Roles in the Renaissance. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 270–. ISBN 978-0-313-32210-5.
- Barbara Garvey Jackson (1994). Say Can You Deny Me: A Guide to Surviving Music by Women from the 16th Through the 18th Centuries. University of Arkansas Press. pp. 44–. ISBN 978-1-55728-303-0.
- Susan Forscher Weiss; Russell E. Murray, Jr.; Cynthia J. Cyrus (16 July 2010). Music Education in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. Indiana University Press. pp. 275–. ISBN 0-253-00455-1.
- Josemi Lorenzo. "Gracia Baptista, año 1557. La primera compositora europea con obra publicada". Retrieved 1 March 2016.
- Alexander Silbiger (2 August 2004). Keyboard Music Before 1700. Routledge. pp. 387–. ISBN 978-1-135-92423-2.
- Pan Pipes: Sigma Alpha Iota Quarterly. Wayside Press. 1992.
- "Gracia BAPTISTA". Retrieved 1 March 2016.
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