Gradle

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Gradle
Gradle logo.png
Developer(s)Hans Dockter, Adam Murdoch, Szczepan Faber, Peter Niederwieser, Luke Daley, Rene Gröschke, Daz DeBoer
Initial release21 April 2008; 14 years ago (2008-04-21)
Stable release
7.4.2[1] Edit this on Wikidata / 31 March 2022; 49 days ago (31 March 2022)
Preview release
7.5 RC1 / 12 May 2022; 7 days ago (2022-05-12)
Repository
Written inJava, Groovy, Kotlin
TypeBuild tool
LicenseApache License 2.0
Websitewww.gradle.org

Gradle is a build automation tool for multi-language software development. It controls the development process in the tasks of compilation and packaging to testing, deployment, and publishing. Supported languages include Java (as well as Kotlin, Groovy, Scala), C/C++, and JavaScript.[2] It also collects statistical data about the usage of software libraries around the globe.

Gradle builds on the concepts of Apache Ant and Apache Maven, and introduces a Groovy- and Kotlin-based domain-specific language contrasted with the XML-based project configuration used by Maven.[3] Gradle uses a directed acyclic graph to determine the order in which tasks can be run, through providing dependency management. It runs on the Java Virtual Machine.[4]

Gradle was designed for multi-project builds, which can grow to be large. It operates based on a series of build tasks that can run serially or in parallel. Incremental builds are supported by determining the parts of the build tree that are already up to date; any task dependent only on those parts does not need to be re-executed. It also supports caching of build components, potentially across a shared network using the Gradle Build Cache. It produces web-based build visualization called Gradle Build Scans. The software is extensible for new features and programming languages with a plugin subsystem.

Gradle is distributed as open-source software under the Apache License 2.0, and was first released in 2008.[5]

Gradle is primarily maintained by Gradle Inc., a company that provides support and an ecosystem around Gradle.

History[edit]

As of 2016 the initial plugins were primarily focused on Java,[6] Groovy, and Scala development and deployment.

Major versions[edit]

Version Date
0.1 21 April 2008[7]
1.0 12 June 2012[8]
2.0 1 July 2014
3.0 15 August 2016
4.0 14 June 2017
5.0 26 November 2018
6.0 8 November 2019
7.0 9 April 2021

Distribution[edit]

Gradle is available as a separate download, but can also be found bundled in products such as Android Studio.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://github.com/gradle/gradle/releases/tag/v7.4.2.
  2. ^ "Gradle User Manual". docs.gradle.org. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  3. ^ "Getting Started With Gradle". Petri Kainulainen. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  4. ^ "What is Gradle?".
  5. ^ "Our Story". Gradle Enterprise. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  6. ^ "Getting Started · Building Java Projects with Gradle". Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  7. ^ "Index of /gradle". 12 May 2008. Archived from the original on 12 May 2008. Retrieved 15 October 2021.
  8. ^ "Gradle | Releases". Gradle. Retrieved 15 October 2021.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]