|Stable release||3.3.2 (March 2019) [±]|
|Preview release||3.4 Beta 5 (February 21, 2019) [±]|
|Written in||Java, Kotlin and C++|
|Operating system||Windows, macOS, Linux|
|Size||948 to 1014 MB|
|Type||Integrated development environment (IDE)|
|License||Freeware +Source code|
Android Studio is the official integrated development environment (IDE) for Google's Android operating system, built on JetBrains' IntelliJ IDEA software and designed specifically for Android development. It is available for download on Windows, macOS and Linux based operating systems. It is a replacement for the Eclipse Android Development Tools (ADT) as the primary IDE for native Android application development.
Android Studio was announced on May 16, 2013 at the Google I/O conference. It was in early access preview stage starting from version 0.1 in May 2013, then entered beta stage starting from version 0.8 which was released in June 2014. The first stable build was released in December 2014, starting from version 1.0. The current stable version is 3.3, which was released in January 2019.
- Gradle-based build support
- Android-specific refactoring and quick fixes
- Lint tools to catch performance, usability, version compatibility and other problems
- ProGuard integration and app-signing capabilities
- Template-based wizards to create common Android designs and components
- A rich layout editor that allows users to drag-and-drop UI components, option to preview layouts on multiple screen configurations
- Support for building Android Wear apps
- Built-in support for Google Cloud Platform, enabling integration with Firebase Cloud Messaging (Earlier 'Google Cloud Messaging') and Google App Engine
- Android Virtual Device (Emulator) to run and debug apps in the Android studio.
Android Studio supports all the same programming languages of IntelliJ (and CLion) e.g. Java, C++, and more with extensions, such as Go; and Android Studio 3.0 or later supports Kotlin and "Java 7 language features and a subset of Java 8 language features that vary by platform version." External projects backport some Java 9 features. While IntelliJ that Android Studio is built on supports all released Java versions, and Java 12, it's not clear to what level Android Studio supports Java versions up to Java 12 (the documentation mentions partial Java 8 support). At least some new language features up to Java 12 are usable in Android.
|OS version||Microsoft Windows 7/8/10 (32-bit or 64-bit), 64-bit required for native debugging|
Mac OS X 10.10 (Yosemite) or higher, up to 10.13 (macOS High Sierra)
GNOME or KDE desktop Linux (64-bit capable of running 32-bit applications) (GNU C Library (glibc) 2.19+)
|RAM||3 GB RAM minimum, 8 GB RAM recommended; plus 1 GB for the Android Emulator|
|Disk space||2 GB of available disk space minimum, 4 GB recommended (500 MB for IDE + 1.5 GB for Android SDK and emulator system image)|
|Java version||Java Development Kit (JDK) 8, use of bundled OpenJDK is recommended.|
|Screen resolution||1280×800 minimum screen resolution|
|OS version||Windows 7 or later|
Mac OS X 10.9.5 or later
GNOME or KDE desktop Linux
|RAM||8 GB RAM recommended; plus 1 GB for the Android Emulator|
|Disk space||500 MB disk space for Android Studio, at least 1.5 GB for Android SDK, emulator system images, and caches|
|Java version||Java Development Kit (JDK) 8, use of bundled OpenJDK (version 2.2 and later) is recommended.|
|Screen resolution||1280×800 minimum screen resolution.|
|OS version||Mac OS X 10.8.5 or later|
GNOME, KDE or Unity desktop on Ubuntu or Fedora or GNU/Linux Debian
Windows XP or later
|RAM||3 GB RAM minimum, 4 GB RAM recommended|
|Disk space||500 MB disk space|
|Space for Android SDK||At least 1 GB for Android SDK, emulator system images, and caches|
|JDK version||Java Development Kit (JDK) 7 or higher|
|Screen resolution||1280×800 minimum screen resolution|
The following is a list of Android Studio's release versions.
- "Android Studio 3.4 Beta 5 available". Android Studio Release Updates. February 21, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- "Download Options". developer.android.com. Google. Retrieved February 16, 2017.
- "Terms and Conditions". developer.android.com. Google. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
- "Build Overview". android.com.
- "Building Android Studio". android.com.
- "Android Studio website".
- Ducrohet, Xavier; Norbye, Tor; Chou, Katherine (May 15, 2013). "Android Studio: An IDE built for Android". Android Developers Blog. Google. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- "Getting Started with Android Studio". Android Developers. Google. Retrieved May 14, 2013.
- Haslam, Oliver (May 16, 2013). "Download Android Studio IDE For Windows, OS X And Linux". Redmond Pie. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- "Download Android Studio". Android Developers. Retrieved June 13, 2015.
- "Google Launches Android Studio And New Features For Developer Console, Including Beta Releases And Staged Rollout". VentureBeat. December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- "Android Studio Release Notes". Android Developers Official Website. 17 August 2018. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- Honig, Zach (May 15, 2013). "Google intros Android Studio, an IDE for building apps". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- Dobie, Alex (May 15, 2013). "Android Studio unveiled at Google I/O keynote". Android Central. Mobile Nations. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- Olanoff, Drew (May 15, 2013). "Google Launches Android Studio And New Features For Developer Console, Including Beta Releases And Staged Rollout". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved May 16, 2013.
- "Android Studio BETA". Google. Google. May 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2014.
- Google Go language IDE built using the IntelliJ Platform: go-lang-plugin-org/go-lang-idea-plugin, Go Language support for IDEA based IDEs, 2019-02-23, retrieved 2019-02-23,
Supported IDEs [..] Android Studio 1.2.1+
- "Get Started with Kotlin on Android | Android Developers". developer.android.com. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- "Use Java 8 language features | Android Developers". developer.android.com. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- "android-retroflow: Backport of Java 9 (JEP 266) reactive-streams Flow and SubmissionPublisher API for Android Studio 3.0 desugar toolchain, forked from [..]". retrostreams. 2017-10-22. Retrieved 2017-10-25.
- "Android's Java 9, 10, 11, and 12 Support". Jake Wharton. 2018-11-27. Retrieved 2019-02-23.
Hopefully by the time Java 12 is actually released D8 will have implemented desugaring for Java 11’s nestmates. Otherwise the pain of being stuck on Java 10 will go up quite a bit!
- "Refer 'System Requirements' section". Android Studio Official Website. Retrieved October 26, 2017.
- "Configure Android Studio | Android Developers". Android Developers. Retrieved 2018-06-22.
- Official homepage at developer.android.com