|Moves||1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Qf6|
|Named after||Gioachino Greco|
|Parent||King's Knight Opening|
The opening is categorized as ECO code C40.
|This article uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
Of the several plausible ways Black has to defend his e-pawn, 2...Qf6 is considered one of the weaker choices, since the queen is developed prematurely and can become a target for attack. Also, the black knight on g8 is deprived of its most natural square. There is, however, no obvious refutation of this opening; White's advantage consists mainly of being able to develop more smoothly.
Greco himself illustrated the following amusing line against this defense in 1620:
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Qf6?! 3. Bc4 Qg6 4. 0-0 Qxe4 5. Bxf7+ Ke7
- 5...Kxf7?? 6.Ng5+ wins the black queen.
6. Re1 Qf4 7. Rxe5+ Kxf7
- 7...Kd8 8.Re8#
8. d4 Qf6 9. Ng5+ Kg6 10. Qd3+ Kh6 11. Nf7# 1–0
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Qf6 3. Nc3 c6 4. d4 exd4 5. e5 Qg6 6. Bd3
- 6.Qxd4! gives White a big lead in development.
6... Qxg2 7. Rg1 Qh3 8. Rg3 Qh5 9. Rg5 Qh3 10. Bf1 Qe6 11. Nxd4 (see diagram)
- ... and Morphy was better.
1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Qf6 3. Bc4 Nh6
- Making some sense, since Black is able to respond ...Qxh6 if White were to play d4 followed by Bxh6.
4. 0-0 Bc5 5. Nc3 c6 6. d4! Bxd4 7. Nxd4 exd4 8. e5 Qg6 9. Qxd4
- And again, White is ahead in development.
|The Wikibook Chess Opening Theory has a page on the topic of: Greco Defence|
- Opening Lanes Gary Lane, Chesscafe.com, 2001, last question on the page.
- Benjamin, Joel; Schiller, Eric (1987). "Greco Defence". Unorthodox Openings. Macmillan Publishing Company. pp. 91–92. ISBN 0-02-016590-0.
- Schiller, Eric (1998). "McConnell Defense". Unorthodox Chess Openings. Cardoza Publishing. p. 287. ISBN 0-940685-73-6.