Green human resource management

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Green human resource management (Green HRM or GHRM) emerged as an academic concept from the debate of sustainable development and corporate sustainability.[1] Wehrmeyer (1996) is often stated as laying the foundation with his idea that "if a company is to adopt an environmentally-aware approach to its activities, the employees are the key to its success or failure".[2]

One of the most common definitions refers to GHRM as "the HRM aspects of Environmental Management".[3] A broader definition considers GHRM as "phenomena relevant to understanding relationships between organizational activities that impact the natural environment and the design, evolution, implementation and influence of HRM systems."[4]

In May 2011, the German Journal of Human Resource Management published a special issue on GHRM, which comprises five contributions.[5]

GHRM practices[edit]

Research in GHRM often deals with concrete GHRM practices that are associated with basic functions in human resource management. In their literature review, Renwick et al. (2016) summarize recruitment and selection, training and development, management development and leadership as practices for developing abilities in environmental management. To motivate employees to behave environmentally friendly, they propose performance management and appraisal, pay, rewards, and organizational culture. Renwick et al. (2016) further mention employment relations and employee engagement as ways to facilitate opportunities for environmental management.[6]

Studies show that GHRM practices are linked to enhanced pro-environmental behavior of individuals[7][8] and improved environmental performance of organizations.[9][10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Matthews, Brian; Obereder, Lisa; Aust, Ina; Müller-Camen, Michael (2018). Renwick, Douglas W. S. (ed.). Competing Paradigms: Status-quo and Alternative Approaches in HRM. Contemporary Developments in Green Human Resource Management Research. Abingdon, Oxon; New York: Routledge. pp. 116–134. ISBN 9780367376871.
  2. ^ Wehrmeyer, Walter (1996). Wehrmeyer, Walter (ed.). Introduction. Greening People: Human Resources and Environmental Management. Sheffield: Greenleaf Publishing. pp. 11–32. ISBN 9781874719151.
  3. ^ Renwick, Douglas W. S.; Redman, Tom; Maguire, Stuart (2013). "Green Human Resource Management: A Review and Research Agenda*". International Journal of Management Reviews. 15 (1): 1–14. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2370.2011.00328.x. ISSN 1468-2370. S2CID 145075051.
  4. ^ Ren, Shuang; Tang, Guiyao; E. Jackson, Susan (2018-09-01). "Green human resource management research in emergence: A review and future directions". Asia Pacific Journal of Management. 35 (3): 769–803. doi:10.1007/s10490-017-9532-1. ISSN 1572-9958. S2CID 158085553.
  5. ^ Jackson, Susan E.; Renwick, Douglas W. S.; Jabbour, Charbel J. C.; Muller-Camen, Michael (2011-05-01). "State-of-the-Art and Future Directions for Green Human Resource Management: Introduction to the Special Issue". German Journal of Human Resource Management: Zeitschrift für Personalforschung. 25 (2): 99–116. doi:10.1177/239700221102500203. ISSN 2397-0022. S2CID 219931279.
  6. ^ Renwick, Douglas W. S.; Jabbour, Charbel J. C.; Muller-Camen, Michael; Redman, Tom; Wilkinson, Adrian (2016-01-19). "Contemporary developments in Green (environmental) HRM scholarship". The International Journal of Human Resource Management. 27 (2): 114–128. doi:10.1080/09585192.2015.1105844. hdl:11449/168131. ISSN 0958-5192. S2CID 155611809.
  7. ^ Kim, Yong Joong; Kim, Woo Gon; Choi, Hyung-Min; Phetvaroon, Kullada (2019-01-01). "The effect of green human resource management on hotel employees' eco-friendly behavior and environmental performance". International Journal of Hospitality Management. 76: 83–93. doi:10.1016/j.ijhm.2018.04.007. ISSN 0278-4319.
  8. ^ Pham, Nhat Tan; Tučková, Zuzana; Chiappetta Jabbour, Charbel José (2019-06-01). "Greening the hospitality industry: How do green human resource management practices influence organizational citizenship behavior in hotels? A mixed-methods study". Tourism Management. 72: 386–399. doi:10.1016/j.tourman.2018.12.008. ISSN 0261-5177.
  9. ^ Daily, Bonnie F.; Bishop, John W.; Massoud, Jacob A. (2012-04-20). "The role of training and empowerment in environmental performance: A study of the Mexican maquiladora industry". International Journal of Operations & Production Management. 32 (5): 631–647. doi:10.1108/01443571211226524. ISSN 0144-3577.
  10. ^ Roscoe, Samuel; Subramanian, Nachiappan; Jabbour, Charbel J. C.; Chong, Tao (2019). "Green human resource management and the enablers of green organisational culture: Enhancing a firm's environmental performance for sustainable development". Business Strategy and the Environment. 28 (5): 737–749. doi:10.1002/bse.2277. ISSN 1099-0836.