Greta Bösel

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Greta Bösel
Born (1908-05-18)May 18, 1908
Wuppertal-Elberfeld, Germany
Died May 3, 1947(1947-05-03) (aged 38)
Hameln prison
Nationality German
Occupation Nurse
Medical career
Institutions Ravensbrück

Greta Bösel (née Mueller) (9 May 1908 – 3 May 1947) was a trained nurse. Born in Wuppertal-Elberfeld, Germany, she became a camp guard at Ravensbrück in August 1944.[1]

Her rank at the camp was Arbeitseinsatzführerin (Work Input Overseer). In November 1944, Bösel was supposed to have been one of the staff members to select prisoners for the gas chamber, or for transfer to Uckermark.[2] She is known to have told another SS guard "If they [prisoners] cannot work, let them rot."[1]

After the death march of prisoners out of Ravensbrück following the impending liberation by the Red Army of Soviet troops, Bösel fled the camp with her husband. She was later caught and arrested by British troops.

Bösel, along with other female guards including Dorothea Binz, stood accused at the first Ravensbrück Trial, which took place between December 1946 and February 1947 in Hamburg, Germany. The court found her guilty of maltreatment, murder and taking part in the "selections". She was executed for her crimes at 9:55 am[1] on 3 May 1947, 24 minutes after Elisabeth Marschall,[1] by Albert Pierrepoint in Hameln prison.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Silke Schäfer. Zum Selbstverständnis von Frauen im Konzentrationslager. Das Lager Ravensbrück. (PDF). TU Berlin. p. 266. 
  2. ^ Michael J. Bazyler; Frank M. Tuerkheimer (1 December 2015). Forgotten Trials of the Holocaust. NYU Press. p. 141. ISBN 978-1-4798-9924-1.