HC Dukla Prague (Czech: HC Dukla Praha) is a Czech handball club. Dukla won three EHF Champions League titles as well as reaching two further finals. The club also won 30 national championships.
Originally it was a part of a Czechoslovak army sports club supporting several different sports teams, including football, which was founded in 1948 as ATK Praha and later renamed Dukla Prague. The handball team of Dukla Praha was the most successful Czechoslovak handball team. They won the Czechoslovak handball league 28 times and after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia the Czech handball league twice. In 1956, 1963 and 1984 they won the European Champions' Cup (now EHF Champions League) and in 1967 and 1968 they finished in the finals. In 1982 they reached the final of the EHF Cup Winners' Cup. In 1963 they were awarded the team trophy of the Czechoslovak Sportsperson of the Year.
As of 2006, the club was playing outside of Prague in Louny.