HDMS Langeland (1808)

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History
Danish Navy EnsignDenmark-Norway
Name: Langeland
Namesake: Langeland
Builder: Stibolt, Dorf-Gården, Kiel
Launched: 2 November 1808
Commissioned: 1809
Fate: Transferred to Norway 1814
Swedish and Norwegian naval ensign (1815-1844).svgNorway
Name: Langeland
Acquired: 1814 (by transfer)
Fate: sold 1827 into merchant service
General characteristics
Type: Brig
Displacement: 16912 tons
Length: 93 ft 6 in (28.50 m) (Danish)
Beam: 26 ft (7.9 m) (Danish)
Draught: 10 ft 3 in (3.12 m)(forward) & 11' 3" (aft) - Danish
Sail plan: Brig
Complement: 100
Armament:
  • Initially: 18 × 18-pounder guns
  • Later: 18 × short 18-pounder guns + 2 × 6-pounder guns

The brig HDMS Langeland, launched in late 1808 and fitted out in 1809, was one of four brigs[Note 1] transferred to Norwegian ports from Denmark on 1 January 1810. From Norway she escorted Danish cargoes or harried enemy (British) merchant shipping. She took part in a successful cruise to the North Cape along with the brig Lougen in 1810 and was later taken into the fledgling Norwegian navy after the 1814 Treaty of Kiel. She was sold into merchant service in 1827.

Danish service[edit]

Northern Norway showing Hammerfest, North Cape and Nordkinn

During the summer of 1809, three British gun brigs - the Snake-class brig-sloop HMS Snake (18), brig HMS Nightingale (16) and gun-brig HMS Gallant (14), operated in the far northern waters of Norway. They briefly occupied - after one failed attempt – the small town and sheltered harbour of Hammerfest near North Cape.

Senior Lieutenant Thomas Joachim Lütken was captain of the Langeland from 1809 to 1814. In the spring of 1810 the two Danish-Norwegian brigs Lougen, under the command of Captain J. N. Müller and Langeland sailed from Fredericksværn and reached Hammerfest on the 28 June where they joined with three gun-schooners - Nornen, Valkyren and Axel Thorsen, each of which was armed with a 24-pounder gun fore and aft. The Dano-Norwegians hoped to find the expected British force in the waters of North Cape, for which there were few and poor charts, and no pilotage instructions. However, American merchant ships warned Nightingale and Gallant (Snake had already left), of the enemy presence and they disappeared – apparently to Greenland to escort a convoy of British whalers. With the British gone, the coastal trade with Russia blossomed and a final convoy of the year was escorted into Trondheim.,[1] including 11 merchant ships.[2][Note 2]

Norwegian Service[edit]

The Treaty of Kiel in January 1814 separated Norway from Denmark, leaving Norway with a navy of seven brigs (one of which was laid up) and a number of smaller craft. A number of naval officers refused to accept service in the new Norwegian navy until released by the Danish king to whom they had sworn loyalty. Those who joined the Norwegian navy were eventually struck off the Danish lists.[3] Many others obeyed Danish orders and returned to Denmark.[4] Lütken, of the Langeland, was briefly arrested when he refused to hand over the ship to the newly constituted Norwegian State.

The Lolland, which was larger than the other brigs in the new Norwegian Navy, became the command ship of the Norwegian navy’s brig squadron, whose primary mission was to escort food convoys from Jutland, protecting them from Swedish depredations. However, after a short war, Norway and Sweden united, forming a union that lasted until 1905.

  • Lolland (Captain Ole Christopher Budde);
  • Seagull (Senior Lieutenant J. Lund);
  • Allart (Senior Lieutenant S. Lous);
  • Langeland (Junior Lieutenant Løvenskiold);
  • Alsen (Junior Lieutenant Bendz); and
  • Kiel (Junior Lieutenant Petersen).

Fate[edit]

In 1827, Langeland was decommissioned and sold into the merchant navy.

Footnotes[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Fra Krigens Tid lists these as Samsøe , Captain Johannes Krieger ; Alsen, Senior Lieutenant M. Lütken ;Kiel, Senior Lieutenant Otto F. Rasch and Langeland, Senior Lieutenant T. Lütken.
  2. ^ In 1811 protection of the north fell to the lesser armed ships. The Norwegian navy maintained a presence until 1816, with an emphasis on improving charts and pilot instructions for these waters.
Citations
  1. ^ Aftenpost 29 May 1922, as repeated on website. Translated from the Danish
  2. ^ Topsøe-Jensen, Vol. 2, pp.227-229.
  3. ^ Topsøe-Jensen officers biographies
  4. ^ Norwegian Navy 1814

References[edit]

  • Individual record cards in Danish for ships of the Danish Royal Navy can be no longer (Feb 2013) found on the internet at Orlogmuseet Skibregister. The Danish Naval Museum is building a new website at which details, drawings and models may be available. For individual ships already listed, which includes earlier ships of this name but does not yet include this Langeland, see here
  • T. A. Topsøe-Jensen og Emil Marquard (1935) “Officerer i den dansk-norske Søetat 1660-1814 og den danske Søetat 1814-1932“.