HMCS Oriole in July 2011
|Namesake:||Oriole, Oriolus aurum|
|Builder:||George Lawley & Son|
|Launched:||4 June 1921|
|Commissioned:||19 June 1952|
|Status:||in active service|
|Notes:||Current Commanding Officer: LCdr Mike Wills|
|Type:||Sail training ketch|
|Length:||102 ft 0 in (31.1 m)|
|Beam:||19 ft 0 in (5.8 m)|
|Height:||94 ft 0 in (28.7 m)|
|Draught:||9 ft 0 in (2.7 m)|
|Installed power:||Auxiliary engine 165 hp (123 kW) Cummins diesel, 1 shaft|
|Propulsion:||11,000 sq ft (1,021.9 m2) of sail|
|Sail plan:||Marconi rig|
|Speed:||8 knots (15 km/h)|
|Complement:||6 + 18 trainees|
HMCS Oriole is the sail training vessel of the Royal Canadian Navy based at CFB Esquimalt in Victoria, British Columbia. She is a sailing ketch, currently the oldest commissioned vessel in the Royal Canadian Navy, and also the longest serving commissioned ship. Originally the yacht Oriole IV, the vessel was first acquired by the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War, then returned to private ownership at the end. Oriole IV was reacquired during the Cold War for use on the East Coast of Canada before switching to the West Coast of Canada permanently in 1956.
Oriole has a standard displacement of 68 long tons (69 t) and a fully loaded displacement of 92 long tons (93 t). The vessel is 102 ft 0 in (31.1 m) long overall with a beam of 19 ft 0 in (5.8 m) and a draught of 9 ft 0 in (2.7 m). The vessel is propelled primarily by 11,000 sq ft (1,021.9 m2) of sail including the spinnaker in a Marconi rig. The height of the mainmast is 94 ft 0 in (28.7 m) and the mizzen mast is 55 ft 2 in (16.8 m). The vessel is equipped with an auxiliary Cummins diesel engine driving one shaft, creating 165 horsepower (123 kW). Oriole has a maximum speed of 8 knots (15 km/h). The vessel has a complement of one officer and five enlisted with the capacity for 18 trainees.
Oriole was originally laid down as the yacht Oriole IV by Dominion Shipbuilding in Toronto, Ontario, ordered by the Commodore of the Royal Canadian Yacht Club of Toronto, George Gooderham. Work was stopped on her construction due to a strike, but the vessel was taken to Neponset, Massachusetts where she was completed. The ship was launched on 4 June 1921. The ketch served as the Royal Canadian Yacht Club's flagship from 1924–1928.
In 1941, Oriole IV was sold to the Navy League of Canada for use in training Sea Cadets. In 1943, during the Second World War she was chartered by the Royal Canadian Navy as a training vessel. Following the war the ship was returned to the Navy League, she was again chartered by the Navy as a new recruit training vessel in 1950. Oriole IV subsequently moved to Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1951. She was officially commissioned as HMCS Oriole on 19 June 1952, and two years later the navy moved her to CFB Esquimalt to become a training vessel attached to the Naval Officer Training Centre. In 1956 she was purchased outright and attached to HMCS Venture at Esquimalt.
In 1964, Oriole returned to the East Coast of Canada, taking part in the 450th anniversary of Jacques Cartier's arrival in Quebec. The vessel participates in the annual Swiftsure Yacht Race on the West Coast of Canada. In March 2017, Oriole sailed for the East Coast of Canada to participate in the Tall Ships Regatta in Quebec and the Maritimes as part of Canada's 150th anniversary celebrations.
- Arbuckle 1987, p. 81.
- Macpherson and Barrie 2002, p. 288.
- Saunders 2004, p. 93.
- Saunders 2009, p. 104.
- "HMCS Oriole to depart on year-long trip to celebrate Canada's 150th". CTV News. 10 March 2017. Retrieved 12 March 2017.
- Arbuckle, J. Graeme (1987). Badges of the Canadian Navy. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Nimbus Publishing. ISBN 0-920852-49-1.
- Macpherson, Ken; Barrie, Ron (2002). The ships of Canada's naval forces 1910–2002 (3 ed.). St. Catharines, Ontario: Vanwell. ISBN 1-55125-072-1.
- Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2004). Jane's Fighting Ships 2004–2005 (107 ed.). Alexandria, Virginia: Jane's Information Group Inc. ISBN 0-7106-2623-1.
- Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2009). Jane's Fighting Ships 2009–2010 (112 ed.). Alexandria, Virginia: Jane's Information Group Inc. ISBN 0-7106-2888-9.
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