HMS Ambuscade (1773)
|Ordered:||25 December 1770|
|Builder:||Adams & Barnard, Deptford|
|Laid down:||April 1771|
|Launched:||17 September 1773|
|Captured:||14 December 1798|
|Acquired:||14 December 1798|
|Captured:||28 May 1803|
|Acquired:||28 May 1803|
|Fate:||Broken up in 1810|
|General characteristics as built|
|Class and type:||32-gun fifth-rate frigate|
|Beam:||35 ft 1.75 in (10.7125 m)|
|Depth of hold:||12 ft 2 in (3.71 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
HMS Ambuscade was a 32-gun fifth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy, built in the Grove Street shipyard of Adams & Barnard at Depford in 1773. The French captured her in 1798 but the British recaptured her in 1803. She was broken up in 1810.
On 22 June 1779, after a short action, Ambuscade captured the French brig Hélene, which was the former Royal Navy 14-gun sloop HMS Helena. The Royal Navy took her back into service under her original name. Six days later Ambuscade captured the French privateer Prince de Montbray. The privateer was possibly out of Granville and under the command of Captain Boisnard-Maisonneuve.
French Revolutionary Wars
In August 1798 Ambuscade, commanded by Captain Henry Jenkins, with Stag and the hired armed cutter Nimrod captured the chasse maree Francine . Then Ambuscade shared with Phaeton and Stag, in the capture on 20 November of the Hirondelle.
On 13 December 1798, Ambuscade captured a French merchantman, Faucon, with a cargo of sugar and coffee bound for Bordeaux.
Disaster struck the following day. Ambuscade was blockading Rochefort, when the smaller French corvette Bayonnaise captured her at the Action of 14 December 1798. The court martial exonerated Captain Henry Jenkins of Ambuscade, though a good case could be made that he exhibited poor leadership and ship handling. The French brought her into service as Embuscade.
On 28 May 1803, HMS Victory recaptured her. She had a crew of 187 men under the command of capitaine de vaisseau Fradin, and was 30 days out of Cap Francais, bound for Rochefort. The Royal Navy took her back into service as Ambuscade.
Ambuscade was broken up in 1810.
Notes, citations, and references
- The prize money notice in the London Gazette gives a capture year of 1780, but this is a typographical error.
- "no. 12203". The London Gazette. 30 June 1781. p. 2.
- Demerliac (1996), p.71, #448.
- "no. 12044". The London Gazette. 28 December 1779. p. 2.
- Demerliac (1996), p.184, #1810.
- Wareham (2001), p. 137.
- "no. 15113". The London Gazette. 5 March 1799. p. 220.
- "no. 15149". The London Gazette. 18 June 1799. p. 617.
- Correspondence, Lord Bridport to Evan Nepean, 22 December 1798. Cited in Naval Chronicle Vol. 1, 1799, p.77
- Hepper (1994), p. 89.
- "no. 15608". The London Gazette. 6 August 1803. p. 986.
- von Pivka, Navies.
- "no. 16529". The London Gazette. 8 October 1811. p. 1976.
- Demerliac, Alain (1996) La Marine De Louis XVI: Nomenclature Des Navires Français De 1774 À 1792. (Nice: Éditions OMEGA). ISBN 2-906381-23-3
- Hepper, David J. (1994). British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot. ISBN 0-948864-30-3.
- "The Monthly Register of Naval Events". The Naval Chronicle. United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press (reprint). 1. 2010. OCLC 700504496.
- Otto von Pivka (1980). Navies of the Napoleonic Era. David & Charles. ISBN 0-7153-7767-1.
- Wareham, Tom (2001) The star captains: frigate command in the Napoleonic Wars. (Annapolis, Md. Naval Inst. Press). ISBN 978-1-55750-871-3
- Michael Phillips' ships of the old Navy
- Naval history of Great Britain, by William James