HMS Bulwark (1807)

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HMS Bulwark (1807).jpg
HMS Bulwark (centre left) as a hulk in Portsmouth in 1826
History
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Bulwark
Ordered: 6 November 1794
Builder: Portsmouth Dockyard
Laid down: April 1804
Launched: 23 April 1807
Fate: Broken up, 1825
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: 74-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 19398094 (bm)
Length:
  • 181 ft 10 in (55.4 m) (gundeck);
  • 150 ft 4 14 in (45.8 m) (keel)
Beam: 49 ft 3 in (15.0 m)
Depth of hold: 20 ft 7 in (6.3 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounder guns
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 24-pounder guns
  • QD: 12 × 9-pounder guns
  • Fc: 4 × 9-pounder guns

HMS Bulwark was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 23 April 1807 at Portsmouth. She was designed by Sir William Rule as one of the large class 74s, and was the only ship built to her draught. As a large 74, she carried 24-pounder guns on her upper gun deck instead of the 18-pounders found on the middling and common class 74s.[1]

On 24 March 1812, Bulwark was in company with Tonnant, Hogue, Colossus and Poictiers when they captured Emilie.[2]

On 23 October 1814 Bulwark captured the American privateer schooner Harlequin, of 330 tons (bm), ten 12-pounder guns, and 115 men. She had been out only four days when captured.[3]

On 22 January 1815, Bulwark captured the American privateer schooner Tomahawk, of Baltimore. She was o f 210 tons (bm), had a crew of 84 men under the command of Philip Besson, and was armed with nine guns, one of them a 24-pounder on a circular carriage. She was two days out of Boston and had not captured anything.[4]

Fate[edit]

Bulwark was broken up at Portsmouth on 26 September 1826.[5]

Citations and references[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 184.
  2. ^ "No. 16705". The London Gazette. 20 February 1813. p. 381. 
  3. ^ "No. 16959". The London Gazette. 22 November 1814. p. 2314. 
  4. ^ "No. 16966". The London Gazette. 21 March 1815. p. 535. 
  5. ^ Winfield (2008), p.39.

References

  • Hannings, Bud (2012) The War of 1812: A Complete Chronology with Biographies of 63 General Officers. (Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland). ISBN 978-0-7864-6385-5
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1861762461.