HMS Empire Dace

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History
Name:
  • Empire Dace (1942-43)
  • HMS Empire Dace (1943-44)
Owner:
  • Ministry of War Transport (1942-43)
  • Royal Navy (1943-44)
Operator:
  • Townsend Bros Ferries Ltd (1942-43)
  • Royal Navy (1943-44)
Port of registry:
  • United Kingdom Newcastle upon Tyne, UK (1942-43)
  • United Kingdom Royal Navy (1943-44)
Builder: Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd
Yard number: 1754
Launched: 11 August 1942
Completed: September 1942
Out of service: 1 December 1944
Identification:
  • United Kingdom Official Number 165842
  • Code Letters MBDW
  • ICS Mike.svgICS Bravo.svgICS Delta.svgICS Whiskey.svg
Fate: Struck mine and sunk
General characteristics
Class and type: Ferry
Tonnage:
Length: 179 ft 5 in (54.69 m)
Beam: 40 ft 2 in (12.24 m)
Depth: 11 ft 0 in (3.35 m)
Propulsion: Triple expansion steam engine
Speed: 11 knots (20 km/h)

HMS Empire Dace was a 716 GRT coastal ferry that was built in 1942 as a merchant ship by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom for the Ministry of War Transport (MoWT). In 1943, she was requisitioned by the Royal Navy. She served until December 1944, when she struck a mine and sank in Greek waters.

Description[edit]

The ship was built in 1941 by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd Newcastle upon Tyne. She was yard number 1754.[1]

The ship was 179 feet 5 inches (54.69 m) long, with a beam of 40 feet 2 inches (12.24 m). She had a depth of 11 feet 0 inches (3.35 m) and a draught of 9 feet 1 34 inches (2.788 m). She was assessed at 716 GRT, 268 NRT.[2]

The ship was propelled by a 132 nhp triple expansion steam engine, which had cylinders of 12 inches (30 cm), 19 inches (48 cm) and 31 inches (79 cm) diameter by 21 inches (53 cm) stroke. The engine was built by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson Ltd, Newcastle upon Tyne.[2] It drove a screw propeller and could propel the ship at 11 knots (20 km/h).[3]

History[edit]

Empire Dace was launched on 11 August 1942, and completed in September of that year. She was built for the MoWT to the same design of a number of vessels built for the Government of Turkey.[1] The ship had ramps at each end and was equipped with a 25-ton derrick in front of the superstructure, which was located amidships. Her design made her suitable for conversion to a minelayer.[1] The United Kingdom Official Number 165842 and Code Letters MBDW were allocated. Her port of registry was Newcastle upon Tyne.[4] She was placed under the management of Townsend Bros. Ferries Ltd.[2]

Empire Dace departed from Methil, Fife on 14 October 1942 as a member of Convoy EN 150, which arrived at Oban, Argyllshire on 18 October. She then sailed to Milford Haven, Pembrokeshire to join Convoy KX 6,[5] which arrived at Gibraltar on 17 November. Her destination was Freetown, Sierra Leone.[6]

Empire Dace was a member of Convoy MKS 11, which departed from Bône, Algeria on 10 April 1943 and arrived at Liverpool, Lancashire on 23 April. She left the convoy at Oran.[7] In July, Empire Dace was requistioned by the Royal Navy.[1] She was a member of Convoy KMS 24, which departed from Gibraltar on 30 August and arrived at Port Said, Egypt on 10 September.[8] She joined the convoy at Algiers, Algeria on 1 September and left it at Bougie, Algeria on 2 September.[5]

Empire Dace was a member of Convoy HA 37A, which departed from Taranto, Italy on 21 April 1944 and arrived at Augusta, Sicily on 23 April. She was also a member of Convoy GUS 43,[5] which departed from Port Said on 13 June and arrived at the Hampton Roads, United States on 10 July.[9] She joined the convoy at Bizerta, Algeria on 20 June and left it at Bône the next day. Empire Dace was a member of Convoy TC 23, which departed from Tunis, Tunisia on 15 July and arrived at Cagliari, Italy the next day. She spent the next few months sailing the Mediterranean, visiting Ancona, Bari and Brindisi, Italy.[5]

On 1 December 1944, Empire Dace struck a mine off Missolonghi, Greece and sank with the loss of 45 lives. She was carrying 22 crew, 12 DEMS gunners and 100 passengers.[3] Those lost on Empire Dace are commemorated at the Tower Hill Memorial, London.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Mitchell, W.H.; Sawyer, L.A. (1995). The Empire Ships. London, New York, Hamburg, Hong Kong: Lloyd's of London Press Ltd. p. not cited. ISBN 1-85044-275-4. 
  2. ^ a b c "LLOYDS REGISTER, STEAMERS & MOTORSHIPS UNDER 300 TONS, TRAWLERS &c" (PDF). Plimsol Ship Data. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "SS Empire Dace [+1944]". Wrecksite. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  4. ^ "Signal Letters Database". Convoyweb. Retrieved 20 May 2011.  (Enter MBDW or Empire Dace in relevant search box)
  5. ^ a b c d "EMPIRE DACE". Convoyweb. Retrieved 14 May 2011. 
  6. ^ "Convoy KX.6". Convoyweb. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "CONVOY MKS 11". Warsailors. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  8. ^ "Convoy KMS.24". Convoyweb. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  9. ^ "Convoy GUS.43". Convoyweb. Retrieved 20 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Ship Index A-F". Brian Watson. Retrieved 20 May 2011.