HMS Seneschal (P255)

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HMS Seneschal.jpg
HMS Seneschal
History
Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Seneschal
Builder: Scotts, Greenock
Laid down: 1 September 1943
Launched: 23 April 1945
Commissioned: 6 September 1945
Fate: sold for breaking up 1960
Badge:
SENESCHAL badge-1-.jpg
General characteristics
Class and type: S-class submarine
Displacement:
  • 814 long tons (827 t) surfaced
  • 990 long tons (1,010 t) submerged
Length: 217 ft (66.1 m)
Beam: 23 ft 9 in (7.2 m)
Draught: 14 ft 1 in (4.3 m)
Installed power:
  • 1,900 bhp (1,400 kW) (diesel)
  • 1,300 hp (970 kW) (electric)
Propulsion:
Speed:
  • 14.75 knots (27.32 km/h; 16.97 mph) surfaced
  • 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph) submerged
Range: 7,500 nmi (13,900 km; 8,600 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) surface; 120 nmi (220 km; 140 mi) at 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph) submerged
Test depth: 350 feet (106.7 m)
Complement: 48
Armament:

HMS Seneschal was a S-class submarine of the third batch built for the Royal Navy during World War II. She survived the war and was sold for scrap in 1965.

Design and description[edit]

The last 17 boats of the third batch were significantly modified from the earlier boats. They had a stronger hull, carried more fuel and their armament was revised. The submarines had a length of 217 feet (66.1 m) overall, a beam of 23 feet 9 inches (7.2 m) and a draft of 14 feet 1 inch (4.3 m). They displaced 814 long tons (827 t) on the surface and 990 long tons (1,010 t) submerged.[1] The S-class submarines had a crew of 48 officers and ratings. They had a diving depth of 350 feet (106.7 m).[2]

For surface running, the boats were powered by two 950-brake-horsepower (708 kW) diesel engines, each driving one propeller shaft. When submerged each propeller was driven by a 650-horsepower (485 kW) electric motor.[3] They could reach 14.75 knots (27.32 km/h; 16.97 mph) on the surface and 9 knots (17 km/h; 10 mph) underwater.[1] On the surface, the third batch boats had a range of 7,500 nautical miles (13,900 km; 8,600 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph) and 120 nmi (220 km; 140 mi) at 3 knots (5.6 km/h; 3.5 mph) submerged.[2]

Seneschal was armed with six 21-inch torpedo tubes in the bow. She carried six reload torpedoes for a grand total of a dozen torpedoes. Twelve mines could be carried in lieu of the torpedoes. The boat was also equipped with a 4-inch (102 mm) deck gun.[1]

Construction and career[edit]

HMS Seneschal was built by Scotts, of Greenock and launched on 23 April 1945. So far she has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name Seneschal, after the office. She survived the Second World War, but endured several mishaps in post-war life. She suffered an explosion on 4 June 1947, and on 14 June 1952, she collided with the Danish frigate Thetis, south of the Isle of Wight. The submarine's periscope and radar mast were damaged.[4] In 1953 she took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate the Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II.[5] She was eventually sold, arriving at the yards of Clayton & Davie, Dunston, for breaking up on 23 August 1960.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Chesneau, p. 52
  2. ^ a b McCartney, p. 7
  3. ^ Bagnasco, p. 110
  4. ^ HMS Seneschal, Uboat.net
  5. ^ Souvenir Programme, Coronation Review of the Fleet, Spithead, 15th June 1953, HMSO, Gale and Polden

References[edit]