HMS Winchester (1822)

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H.M.S. Winchester RMG PY0825 (cropped).jpg
HMS Winchester
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMS Winchester
Ordered: 23 May 1816
Builder: Woolwich Dockyard
Laid down: November 1818
Launched: 21 June 1822
Commissioned: 16 September 1822
Renamed:
  • Training ship Conway (1861)
  • HMS Mount Edgcumbe (1876)
  • Training ship Mount Edgcumbe (1877)
Fate: Sold for breaking 8 April 1921
General characteristics
Class and type: 60-gun Southampton-class frigate
Tons burthen: 1,468 11/94 bm (as designed)
Length:
  • 172 ft (52 m) (gundeck)
  • 144 ft 9 in (44 m) (keel)
Beam: 44 ft 3.25 in (13 m)
Depth of hold: 14 ft 6 in (4 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement: 450
Armament:
  • Designed for 60 guns, fitted with 52 guns
  • As built:
  • UD: 30 × 24-pdr guns
  • QD & FC: 16 × 42-pdr carronades and 6 × 24-pdr guns
  • Re-armed:
  • UD: 26 × 32-pdr guns
  • QD & FC: 20 × 32-pdr guns and 4 × 8-inch shell guns

HMS Winchester was a 60-gun Southampton-class sailing frigate of the Royal Navy. She was laid down in 1816 at Woolwich Dockyard, and launched on 21 June 1822. Although designed for 60 guns, she and the rest of the class carried 52 guns. From 1831 to 1861 she served in North America and South East Asia. In 1861 she became the training ship Conway at Liverpool, and from 1876 she was the training ship Mount Edgcumbe. She was sold in 1921.

Operational service[edit]

Flagship in North America, Cape of Good Hope and the East Indies[edit]

Although ordered in 1816 and laid down in 1818, Winchester was not launched until 21 June 1822, and commissioned on 16 September later that year. She served until 1839 as the flagship on the North America and West Indies Station, where she was commanded by Captain Charles Austen, brother of the novelist Jane Austen. From 1842 she served as the flagship on the Cape of Good Hope Station, under the command of Captain Charles Eden.

In 1852 Captiain Granville Gower Loch commissioned the Winchester to relieve Hastings as flagship in China and the East Indies. During 1852 and 1853 she took part in military operations on coast of Burma during the Second Burmese War. Shortly after arriving at Rangoon Rear-Admiral Charles Austen died; Commodore George Lambert was off the coast, and the command on the Irrawaddy River devolved on Loch. The subsequent action resolved itself into keeping the river clear and driving the Burmese out of such positions as they occupied on its banks.[1][2]

Grave marker of crew that died on HMS Winchester while at Halifax, Royal Navy Burying Ground (Halifax, Nova Scotia)

Rear Admiral Fleetwood Pellew raised his flag aboard Winchester in April 1853, and by September 1854 he was off Hong Kong to take command of the East Indies and China Station. Here he seems to have decided that he would not allow shore leave until the dangerous season for fevers and infections had passed, but neglected to make his reasoning known to his men. The crew were apparently in a mutinous mood, so Pellew ordered them to beat to quarters. When they refused, he sent the officers onto the lower deck to force them up at sword point. Several of the crew were wounded and the nascent mutiny was quashed.

From 11 May 1854 Winchester was the flagship of Rear Admiral Sir James Stirling, Shortly afterwards news arrived that war had been declared on Russia. Stirling was anxious to prevent Russian ships from sheltering in Japanese ports and menacing allied shipping and led a squadron of four vessels to Nagasaki where he concluded the Anglo-Japanese Friendship Treaty with representatives of the Tokugawa shogunate. Winchester subsequently was involved in the Second Opium War, when her boats and some of her ship's company were used in the attack on Canton.[3][4]

Discovery of Russian coast[edit]

In August 1855, during the Crimean War, Winchester and Barracouta entered and first charted the waters of Peter the Great Gulf, while searching for the Russian squadron commanded by Vasily Zavoyko.

Training ship Conway[edit]

From 1861 Winchester replaced the 26-gun sixth rate HMS Conway as the training ship in the port of Liverpool, and was renamed Conway that year. She was used as an educational vessel for homeless and destitute children. She was replaced in 1876 by HMS Nile, which in turn was renamed Conway. The former Winchester was returned to the Admiralty on 1 September 1876, and was renamed HMS Mount Edgcumbe.

Training ship Mount Edgcumbe[edit]

The Devon and Cornwall Industrial Training Ship Association was formed in 1874 to provide a training ship for the homeless boys of Plymouth, and Mount Edgcumbe was anchored in the River Tamar off Saltash. On 28 March 1912 another training ship, the HMS Southampton, based in Hull, closed down. The boys aboard HMS Southampton were transferred to Devonport to continue their training aboard Mount Edgcumbe.

The training ship was closed down on 4 December 1920.[5][6][7]

Fate[edit]

Mount Edgcumbe was sold on 8 April 1921, and was towed to Queen Anne's Battery for breaking.[5]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Laughton 1893, p. 25.
  2. ^ Clowes 1897, p. 275–385.
  3. ^ "W.L. Clowes on the Second Anglo-Chinese War ("Opium war") of 1856 - 1860".
  4. ^ "HMS Winchester at the William Loney website". Retrieved 12 November 2010.
  5. ^ a b Training Ships at The Workhouse website Archived 28 March 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ "Training Ship Mount Edgcumbe".
  7. ^ Moseley, Brian (18 March 2006). "Royal Navy Training Ships". The Encyclopaedia of Plymouth History. Archived from the original on 27 January 2013. Retrieved 12 February 2015.

References[edit]

External links[edit]