HM Prison Grendon
|Location||Grendon Underwood, Buckinghamshire|
|Security class||Adult Male/Category B|
|Population||212 (as of August 2013)|
|Managed by||HM Prison Services|
|Website||Grendon at justice.gov.uk|
HM Prison Grendon is a Category B men's prison, located in the village of Grendon Underwood, in Buckinghamshire, England. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service, and is jointly managed with HMP Spring Hill which is situated next to Grendon.
Opened in 1962, Grendon was initially used as an experimental psychiatric prison and psychiatric unit for prisoners with antisocial personality disorders. It developed into a therapeutic community (TC) prison based upon principles established at the Henderson Hospital in London. There are five, sometimes six discrete therapeutic communities, each with over 40 resident prisoners. In 2014, a small TC opened for prisoners with learning disabilities who had previously been excluded from treatment. This 'TC+' was modelled on similar projects begun the previous year at Dovegate and Gartree Prisons.
Grendon has been one of the most researched forensic establishments in the world and has established standards for good relationships between staff and residents, and low levels of violence and self-harm. Research studies have shown lower levels of reoffending for men who stay longer than eighteen months.
Over the years, Grendon has slowly evolved into a mainstream prison with a standard regime. However the prison is the United Kingdom's only therapeutic prison community for the treatment of serious sex offenders and violent offenders.
In October 2006 another prisoner escaped whilst returning to Grendon. The inmate had been released on a temporary licence, and was being driven back to the prison by officers, when he jumped out of the moving car on to a motorway, and escaped.
The prison today
Grendon Prison holds category B & C adult male prisoners in England & Wales. Each of the six wings of the prison is a therapeutic community which operates autonomously. Based on therapeutic community principles, the therapeutic programmes of the prison include teams of doctors, psychiatric nurses, counsellors and prison officers who work with inmates individually and in groups to promote rehabilitation and tackle reoffending.
Democratic Therapeutic Communities provide group-based therapy within a social climate which promotes positive relationships, personal responsibility and social participation. Therapeutic Communities address a range of offender needs including interpersonal relationships, emotional regulation, self-management and psychological wellbeing.
HMP Grendon provides group therapy and structured community living where members are encouraged to have shared responsibility for day to day decision-making and problem solving. TC intervention centres on addressing the risk factors and offending behaviour needs that inevitably emerge in this environment.
Key features of TCs include
- daily group or community meetings
- the use of community activities to promote skill development and generalisation, e.g. work assignments, delegated responsibilities, organising events, involvement in prisoner/staff committees
- staff supporting the community in democratic decision-making and providing pro social role models
- staff and prisoners challenging and giving feedback about behaviour that is anti-social or linked to offending behaviour patterns.
The basic referral criteria includes:
- Cat B or C
- Has more than 18 months to serve
- Has been off Category A or escape list for at least six months
- Meets “drug-free” criteria (no positive drug tests within two months of referral)
- No current diagnosis of major mental illness
- Comprehension of rules/signs compact
- Accepts responsibility for/is not appealing against offence
- Meets self-harm criteria (no self-harm within two months of referral)
There is clear evidence that the therapeutic community approach is effective. Research shows that the institutional behaviour of prisoners improves including reduced adjudications and acts of self-harm. Surveys of staff and prisoners also show that they both report higher quality of life than in comparable establishments. In addition, there is research evidence that they reduce the risk of reoffending for those who remain in treatment for at least 18 months.
Grendon Prison has a visits centre, which has been awarded a Charter Mark for its facilities. These include an inside children's playroom and an outside play area, a baby changing room, toilets, and a canteen.
- "ENGLAND | Three escaped convicts captured". BBC News. 1 October 2001. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
- "UK | Search for escaped prisoner". BBC News. 26 June 2003. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
- "UK | Prisoner escapes from moving car". BBC News. 4 October 2006. Retrieved 7 August 2012.
- "Justice department information on Grendon".
- Morris, Mark (2004). Dangerous and Severe – Process, Programme and Person: Grendon's Work. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers. ISBN 978-1843102267.