HNRNPA2B1

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HNRNPA2B1
Protein HNRPA2B1 PDB 1x4b.png
Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
Aliases HNRNPA2B1, HNRNPA2, HNRNPB1, HNRPA2, HNRPA2B1, HNRPB1, IBMPFD2, RNPA2, SNRPB1, heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1
External IDs MGI: 104819 HomoloGene: 22992 GeneCards: HNRNPA2B1
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 7 (human)
Chr. Chromosome 7 (human)[1]
Chromosome 7 (human)
Genomic location for HNRNPA2B1
Genomic location for HNRNPA2B1
Band 7p15.2 Start 26,189,927 bp[1]
End 26,201,529 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE HNRPA2B1 205292 s at fs.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_002137
NM_031243

NM_016806
NM_182650

RefSeq (protein)

NP_002128
NP_112533

NP_058086
NP_872591

Location (UCSC) Chr 7: 26.19 – 26.2 Mb Chr 6: 51.46 – 51.47 Mb
PubMed search [3] [4]
Wikidata
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins A2/B1 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HNRNPA2B1 gene.[5]

Structure[edit]

HNRNPA2B1 gene contains 12 exons, including a B1 protein specific 36-nucleotide mini-exon. The entire length of intron/exon organization of HNRNPA2B1 is identical to that of the HNRNPA1 gene which indicates a common origin by gene duplication.[6]

Function[edit]

This gene belongs to the A/B subfamily of ubiquitously expressed heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs). The hnRNPs are RNA binding proteins and they complex with heterogeneous nuclear RNA (hnRNA). These proteins are associated with pre-mRNAs in the nucleus and appear to influence pre-mRNA processing and other aspects of mRNA metabolism and transport. While all of the hnRNPs are present in the nucleus, some seem to shuttle between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. The hnRNP proteins have distinct nucleic acid binding properties. The protein encoded by this gene has two repeats of quasi-RRM domains that bind to RNAs. This gene has been described to generate two alternatively spliced transcript variants which encode different isoforms.[7] HnRNPA2B1 is an autoantigen in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus and mixed connective tissue disease. When referred to as an autoantigen, hnRNPA2B1 is also known as RA33.

The HNRNPA2 and HNRNPB1 proteins are involved in packaging nascent mRNA, in alternative splicing, and in cytoplasmic RNA trafficking, translation, and stabilization. HNRNPA2 and HNRNPB1 also appear to function in telomere maintenance, cell proliferation and differentiation, and glucose transport.[8][9]

Function of HNRNPA2B1 gene can be effectively examined by siRNA knockdown based on an independent validation.[10]

Interactions[edit]

HNRPA2B1 has been shown to interact with casein kinase 2, alpha 1.[11]

Role in diseases[edit]

The mutation p.D290V/302V in hnRNPA2B1 is implicated in dementia, myopathy, PDB, and ALS.[12] Mutations in hnRNPA2B1 and hnRNPA1 cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and multisystem proteinopathy.[13] hnRNPA2/B1 is found to activate cyclooxygenase-2 and promote tumor growth in human lung cancers.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000122566 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000004980 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  5. ^ Biamonti G, Ruggiu M, Saccone S, Della Valle G, Riva S (Aug 1994). "Two homologous genes, originated by duplication, encode the human hnRNP proteins A2 and A1". Nucleic Acids Res. 22 (11): 1996–2002. doi:10.1093/nar/22.11.1996. PMC 308112Freely accessible. PMID 8029005. 
  6. ^ http://www.omim.org/entry/600124
  7. ^ "Entrez Gene: HNRPA2B1 heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2/B1". 
  8. ^ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene/3181
  9. ^ http://www.omim.org/entry/600124
  10. ^ Munkácsy, Gyöngyi; Sztupinszki, Zsófia; Herman, Péter; Bán, Bence; Pénzváltó, Zsófia; Szarvas, Nóra; Győrffy, Balázs (2016-01-01). "Validation of RNAi Silencing Efficiency Using Gene Array Data shows 18.5% Failure Rate across 429 Independent Experiments". Molecular Therapy - Nucleic Acids. 5: e366. doi:10.1038/mtna.2016.66. ISSN 2162-2531. PMC 5056990Freely accessible. PMID 27673562. 
  11. ^ Pancetti F, Bosser R, Krehan A, Pyerin W, Itarte E, Bachs O (Jun 1999). "Heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein A2 interacts with protein kinase CK2". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 260 (1): 17–22. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1999.0849. PMID 10381337. 
  12. ^ Kim HJ, Kim NC, Wang YD, Scarborough EA, Moore J, Diaz Z, MacLea KS, Freibaum B, Li S, Molliex A, Kanagaraj AP, Carter R, Boylan KB, Wojtas AM, Rademakers R, Pinkus JL, Greenberg SA, Trojanowski JQ, Traynor BJ, Smith BN, Topp S, Gkazi AS, Miller J, Shaw CE, Kottlors M, Kirschner J, Pestronk A, Li YR, Ford AF, Gitler AD, Benatar M, King OD, Kimonis VE, Ross ED, Weihl CC, Shorter J, Taylor JP (2013). "Mutations in prion-like domains in hnRNPA2B1 and hnRNPA1 cause multisystem proteinopathy and ALS". Nature. 495: 467–73. doi:10.1038/nature11922. PMC 3756911Freely accessible. PMID 23455423. 
  13. ^ Kim HJ, Kim NC, Wang YD, Scarborough EA, Moore J, Diaz Z, et al.Mutations in prion-like domains in hnRNPA2B1 and hnRNPA1 causemultisystem proteinopathy and ALS. Nature 2013;495:467–73. Available from: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/235770144_Mutations_in_prion-like_domains_in_hnRNPA2B1_and_hnRNPA1_cause_multisystem_proteinopathy_and_ALS [accessed Mar 28, 2017].
  14. ^ Xuan Yang, Wang Jingshu, Ban Liying, Lu Jian-Jun, Yi Canhui, Li Zhenglin, Yu Wendan, Li Mei, Xu Tingting, Yang Wenjing, Tang Zhipeng, Tang Ranran, Xiao Xiangsheng, Meng Songshu, Chen Yiming, Liu Quentin, Huang Wenlin, Guo Wei, Cui Xiaonan, Deng Wuguo, (2016), hnRNPA2/B1 activates cyclooxygenase-2 and promotes tumor growth in human lung cancers, Molecular Oncology, 10, doi: 10.1016/j.molonc.2015.11.010. Available from: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1016/j.molonc.2015.11.010/abstract;jsessionid=F7FAA0EE2ECB0751450320F2792BFD9E.f03t01

Further reading[edit]